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QUITE early in editing the Yale edition of Horace Walpole 3 s 
correspondence, we saw that a full-dress bibliography of Wal- 
pole's writings and the productions of his private press was 
badly needed. This project, which Mr. Hazen undertook for 
us in 1939, is completed with the present volume. The Bibli- 
ography o the Strawberry Hill Press, 1942, and the Bibliog- 
raphy of Walpole should be considered ancillary to the larger 

Although it is true, as Mr. Hazen points out in his Intro- 
duction, that this second volume lacks some of the spectacular 
aspects of the first, Mr. Hazen has made extensive additions to 
the Walpolian canon and thrown added light on Walpole's 
earlier writings. My final review of this second volume, was 
made owing to a temporary loss of eyesight by the aid of my 
wife who read the entire work aloud to me. Bibliographies are 
not often regarded as suitable works for reading aloud, but 
even though I do not pretend to be an adept in the mysteries 
and excitements of collations, I found this account absorbing. 
It is readable, I think, not only because Mr. Hazen' s style and 
method are so easy to follow, but because it is a biography as 
well as a bibliography. One forgets that Horace Walpole was 
a man of letters as well as a letter-writer, but the reader of the 
present work is not likely to overlook it in the future. 

This volume reveals no forgeries and little of the biblio- 


graphical hanky-panky which enlivened its predecessor, but 
it is not without its surprises and drama. How many of its read- 
ers, one wonders, had expected to find in it the most popular 
poem in the language, Gray's Elegy? Louis XVI translating 
Historic Doubts on Richard III in the Tuileries not long be- 
fore his death is a picture familiar to Walpolians, but the story 
of young Dominique Corticchiato completing in Paris, at the 
age of seventeen, his translation of the Castle of Otranto be- 
fore being taken up and destroyed by the Germans will be new 
to them. Mr. Hazen, who is a member of the Advisory Com- 
mittee of the Yale Edition of Horace Walpole's Correspond- 
ence, has placed Walpolian studies on a secure foundation 
and he has shown again how valuable a tool bibliography 
can be. 

Farmington, October 


Introduction 7 

Books by Walpole 1 7 

Books with editorial contributions by Walpole 103 

Contributions to Periodicals, &c. 153 

Books dedicated to Walpole 169 

Apocrypha 171 

Unprinted manuscripts 175 

Index 179 


/. The bibliography of Horace Walpole and the bibliography of the 
Strawberry Hill Press. II. The variety and importance of Walpole' s 
writings. III. Arrangement and method. IV. Additions to the 
Strawberry Hill Bibliography. V. Abbreviations. VI. Acknowl- 


IT is impossible to think o a bibliography of the writings of Horace 
Walpole apart from the work of his private press at Strawberry 
Hill, since so many of his own books were printed there, or, to re- 
verse the point of view, since so many of the books printed at the 
Press were written or edited by Walpole. I therefore planned to study 
both groups of books, and when I began to work in 1939, a principal 
decision to be made was whether to study the Strawberry Hill Press 
books first and then make references to that bibliography when I 
turned to the study of Walpole, or whether to begin with Walpole's 
bibliography and then make references to that. The Strawberry Hill 
bibliography came first, largely because in 1939 the status of the thick- 
paper copies of Gray's Odes was in doubt, and an attempt to solve that 
bibliographical puzzle was immediately challenging to a bibli- 
ographer's pride. 

The Bibliography of the Strawberry Hill Press was published in 
1943, plentifully sprinkled with unresolved doubts on bibliographical 
points, but at least representing a careful attempt to develop a con- 
sistent theory of bibliographical investigation from the minutiae of a 
limited problem. In 1942 I expressed the hope that the next part of 



ny work would be a bibliography of Horace Walpole's writings; and 
.t is now a satisfaction to be able to fulfill that promise. 

Since cross-references had to be made, whichever part of the work 
was published first, it is pointless to apologize for the number of items 
that are included here merely as references to the Strawberry Hill 
Bibliography. I regret that this volume cannot be used without fre- 
quent reference to the other; but it was never any part of our plan to 
repeat detailed collations in the second book. Since this book has to de- 
pend in certain ways on the earlier one, it has seemed proper to main- 
tain the same arrangement and format so far as possible. It is partly for 
this reason that I seem to have given no consideration to two sugges- 
tions of reviewers about arrangement, though perhaps personal 
preference helps to make the uniformity of the two volumes seem more 
important to me than a small improvement. 

As they now stand, the two books together form in effect a two- 
volume Walpolian bibliography. 


MUCH of Horace Walpole's writing was ephemeral, and much that was 
important was so closely bound up with the confused politics of the 
time that it retains little interest now for the average reader. It is worth 
observing, too, that his books sometimes stirred more interest than 
their intrinsic worth warranted: the Castle of Otranto, despite its 
tinselled gloss, is historically important because of its influence. Or, in 
a smaller way, his pretended Letter from the King of Prussia to Rous- 
seau, which was written only as a joke among friends, became the 
immediate cause of the unedifying quarrel between Hume and 
Rousseau, two of Europe's leading philosophers. 

But Walpole's work is of major importance to all who are in any way 
concerned with the political, social, or artistic history of the eighteenth 
century. His historical Memoirs, left in manuscript for posthumous 
publication, comprise perhaps the most valuable single commentary 
on English politics from 1 750 to 1 790; they are written from the Whig 
point of view but without rancorous Whig prejudice, an honest and 
careful account by an observer and participant who was watching the 


causes of men's actions. His Correspondence preserves our fullest 
record of the social life of the time, full of gossip and triviality but full 
also of acute comments on men and women, on books and authors, on 
antiquarian studies and contemporary events.* His Catalogue of Royal 
and Noble Authors and his Anecdotes of Painting rescued from the 
wasteful dissipation of time a great mass of important biographical de- 
tail. And it is to Walpole's editorial and typographic zeal that we owe 
the Life of Lord Herbert of Cherbury, as well as most of the poems of 
Thomas Gray. In this volume, therefore, are the bibliographical 
records of diverse books both lasting and ephemeral, the records of a 
man who never lost his interest in political changes and new cultural 
phenomena, in antiquarian research and in the imaginative power of 
fiction, in society gossip and occasional verse. There are in fact a good 
many verses here, especially in the list of unprinted manuscripts at the 
end, that will necessarily be included in any new edition of Horace 
Walpole's Fugitive Verses. 

Partly from their topical nature, Walpole's books have not had any 
wide and continued appeal, and the political pamphlets have never 
been eagerly sought by collectors. Of the books included in this vol- 
ume as being written or edited by Walpole, only the two by Gray and 
the Castle of Otranto are today widely sought by general collectors. In 
this bibliography, therefore, the provenance of copies will not be so 
fascinating as it was in the Strawberry Hill Bibliography: the most 
eagerly sought item recorded here is of course Gray's Elegy, but un- 
fortunately no copy seems to have any important contemporary as- 
sociation. Somewhat related to this matter is the fact that certain books 
seem unreasonably common because they are sought by collectors and 
scholars: the Parmesan Castle of Otranto of 1791 is listed in every 
volume of Book Prices Current, although only three hundred copies 
were printed; but the edition, probably larger, printed at London in 
1 791 is unknown to Book Prices Current and is not easily found today. 

* It is of some interest that Walpole, the chief of letter-writers, was asked by Dodsley 
to furnish a preface to Chesterfield's Letters; but he declined. See his letter to Mason, 
27 November 1773. 



FROM the bibliographical point of view this volume will seem less 
interesting than the Strawberry Hill volume. Here are no late reprints 
to be sold as originals and no outright forgeries. Perhaps only two 
items included here, Aedes Walpolianae and Bentley's Designs for 
Gray's Poems, can be called particularly interesting bibliographically. 
Very few cancels are described, and almost no variant issues. The in- 
terest in this volume, I believe, will be found instead in the history of 
Walpole's literary career, a man well aware of political and historical 
problems however much he emphasized mere gossip and occasional 

It is unfortunate that such widely scattered and diverse matter can- 
not be made to appear logically consistent in a descriptive bibliography. 
Only a chronological arrangement has any value in portraying an 
author's literary growth, since no logical division by types is practi- 
cable in a bibliography. On the other hand, an occasional poem or epi- 
taph, published in a London newspaper years after it was composed, 
has little significance if it is crowded between two books published at 
that time and the user of the bibliography is merely confused, no 
matter whether he is searching for one entry or studying Walpole's 
career. Somewhat regretfully, therefore, I have planned the volume 
in three main sections: 'Books by Walpole/ 'Books with editorial con- 
tributions by Walpole/ and 'Periodicals/ Such a division, partly by 
physical appearance or manner of publication, is I hope not unduly 
confusing, and it offers some conveniences. Contributions to the 
World are entered under 'Periodicals/ even though Walpole had some 
slight editorial interest in that paper; in other words, physical ap- 
pearance has been given precedence over logical classification, so that 
the reader can find in the third division any item not issued as a single, 
separate publication, I have extended the category 'Periodicals* to in- 
clude poems in anthologies. In the Index I have prepared an analytical 
grouping by indexing numerous kinds of publication; in the Index 
this will not interfere with the large chronological series in the text. 

Short poems and other occasional squibs that appear only in editions 
of the Correspondence or in Mr. Lewis's edition of Walpole's Fugitive 


Verses (1931) have been omitted; they are separately recorded only 
when they were first printed elsewhere. In other words, this is a bibli- 
ography of the separate printings of Walpole's writings, not a table of 
contents of his Correspondence. At the end of the volume I have 
placed a brief list of Walpole's unpublished manuscripts, but it may be 
a proper precaution to point out here as well that unpublished short 
poems and fragments not included in that list exist in various col- 

The facsimiles of the title-pages (of the first two divisions) are again 
planned to obviate the need for long transcriptions, and the printed 
titles are therefore kept as brief as may be. The spelling has been 
normalized in quotations from the letters and from Walpole's 'Short 
Notes/ Measurements, although they are not very important, have 
been recorded whenever an untrimmed copy has been available. 

The facsimiles are the same size as the originals whenever possible; 
when a reduced facsimile has been required, the amount of reduction 
can be discovered by comparing the width of the facsimile with the 
measurement of the widest line of the original as recorded below the 
facsimile. Most of the facsimiles have been made from copies at Farm- 
ington. The rest have been made, with the kind permission of the 
owners, from other copies, as follows: No. 3 (Harvard); No. 17, the 
first state of Bodoni's title-page (Huntington Library); Nos. 12 and 63 
(New York Public Library); No. 8 (University of Illinois); Nos. i, 15, 
and 58 (Yale); and No. 41 (the C. B. Tinker-Yale copy). No facsimiles 
have been prepared for books printed in the twentieth century. 

The method of bibliographical description is the same as that used 
in the Strawberry Hill Bibliography: the total is always the same in the 
collations by signatures and by pagination, but the semicolons do not 
necessarily match in. the two collations. A bracketed signature means 
that no leaf of that gathering is signed. 


As opportunity offers, some corrections or additions to the Straw- 
berry Hill Bibliography are inserted in this volume. Such notes will 
not make this a second edition of the Strawberry Hill Bibliography or 



render the earlier volume obsolete. The earlier volume as it stands 
is substantially correct if (as I earnestly hope) I have found more errors 
in it than anyone else; but it has seemed that there might be some in- 
terest in a few additions that can be logically fitted into this volume. 

No references are included in this volume to the Detached Pieces 
printed at Strawberry Hill. Any user of the two volumes will be aware 
that many of the Detached Pieces were Walpole's own compositions, 
but to insert all the references in the chronological sequence would 
have cluttered this volume badly, at very slight gain in our under- 
standing of Walpole's career. Their omission is therefore justified on 
practical if not on logical grounds. I have records of some additional 
copies of certain Detached Pieces, but no evidence to suggest any 
significant change in their relative scarcity: four labels and cards of 
which I had seen no copies in 1942, No's. 66, 73, 76, and 77, are in a 
collection in the Boston Public Library. 

Walpole's own collection of Detached Pieces has now been found 
just where it ought to be, in the library of the late Lord Crewe. I have 
seen the collection only in a copy on microfilm, but the typography 
can be examined on film. My compressed summary in this paragraph 
may serve as a supplement to the Strawberry Hill Bibliography. Wal- 
pole's collection includes most of the first forty items in my numbered 
list of Detached Pieces; nearly all the rest of the Detached Pieces were 
prepared by Kirgate on his own initiative. Walpole's collection con- 
tains no copies of Nos. 20, 23, 24, 26, 29, 31, 32, 34, 35, 38; some of 
these are not under suspicion, but the absence of Nos. 24, 26, 32, 34, 
and 35 strengthens the doubts I cast on those five pieces in 1942. My 
doubts about the authenticity of Nos. i, 5, and 14 are confirmed now 
that I find a different setting of type in Walpole's collection. Walpole's 
copies of Nos. 2, 3, 7, 1 1 , 1 3, 2 1 , 27, and 33 are of course original. No. 9, 
Tainting in Oil/ which I suspected to be an earlier, rejected form of 
No. 10, is marked by Walpole, 'This was not used/ No. 16, the Epi- 
taph on Lord Waldegrave, is an entirely different setting; the copy 
illustrated in the Strazvberry Hill Bibliography may therefore be a Kir- 
gate reprint. No. 18, containing the verses by Pentycross, is at the 
very end of Walpole's collection, and so my conjecture that this was a 


much later printing than 1768 is confirmed. In addition to No. 25, the 
ticket to view the house, there is a copy of another form that was not 
used. Nos. 39 and 40 are at the end, save for No. 1 8, and both have notes 
in Kirgate's hand; they are therefore confirmed as late printings initi- 
ated by Kirgate. 

The most important correction to be made at present in the de- 
scription of the Detached Pieces is in No. 87, the title-page for 
Etchings by Lady Louisa Augusta Greville; Walpole's copy of the 
volume, untraced since 1851, reappeared late in 1942 and is now at 
Farmington. The title-pages (three besides that for Lady Louisa's 
etchings) were printed at Strawberry Hill; possibly the copy of the one 
title-page in Lord Waldegrave's collection was reprinted by Kirgate. 
Now that we know how the book looks, it becomes possible to match 
it with HW's letter to Mason, 7 May 1775: 'I have just made a new 
book. . . . It is a volume of etchings by noble authors. They are bound 
in robes of crimson and gold; the titles are printed at my own press, 
and the pasting is by my own hand/ The identification is thus com- 
pleted, and the book can be dated. 

Some new evidence about the nineteenth-century forgeries (Straw- 
berry Hill Bibliography, pp. 151-8) of ten Detached Pieces, which I 
dated between 1818 and 1880 and probably before 1840, suggests that 

they were all prepared ca. 1818. 



FOR convenience in frequent reference, I have made use of the fol- 
lowing abbreviations: 

HW.=o=Horace Walpole. 

HW's Fugitive Verses. ^Horace Walpole's Fugitive Verses, collected and edited 
by W. S. Lewis, Oxford University Press, 1931. 

Lowndes.=c=7^ Bibliographer's Manual of English Literature, by W. T. 
Lowndes, revised by H. G. Bohn, 1857-64. 

SH.o=Strawberry Hill. 

SH Bibliography. oA Bibliography of the Strawberry Hill Press, by A. T. 
Hazen, Yale University Press, 1942. 

SH Sale.=c=CataZogw<? of the Classic Contents of Strawberry Hill, 25 April to 21 
May 1842 (sold by George Robins). The roman and arabic numerals indi- 
cate the day and lot number. (A parenthetical 'London Sale* refers to the 


prints and illustrated books of the Seventh and Eighth Days' Sale, with- 
drawn and recatalogued for sale in London, 13-23 June 1842.) 

'Short Notes.'oHorace Walpole, 'Short Notes of the Life of Horace Walpole/ 
This MS was first printed by Richard Bentley in the fourth volume of the 
Letters to Mann, Concluding Series, 1844; the original MS, differing im- 
portantly from the printed text, is now at Farmington, and will shortly be 
published in the Yale edition of HW's Correspondence with Gray. My quo- 
tations are from this new recension. 

Waldegrave MS.^In Lord Waldegrave 's collection there are thirty folio vol- 
umes of Walpolian MSS; they include his historical Memoirs, largely pub- 
lished, and six volumes of transcripts of Walpole's letters to Sir Horace 
Mann. I have examined only three volumes, brought to Farmington by Mr. 
Lewis in 1943, but these three are undoubtedly the most important for my 
purpose. The first is a commonplace book begun in Italy in 1740; the second, 
entitled Poems and other Pieces by Horace Walpole, contains Walpole's 
transcripts with notes of most of his occasional pieces from 1736 to 1756, 
a record that was started about 1742; the third is a similar volume of tran- 
scripts of his political papers during the same period. Since all my references 
are to the second or third of these three volumes, and since the nature of 
the text differentiates the two, I have indicated only that a piece is tran- 
scribed in the Waldegrave MS. 

Waller Collection.oltems recorded as having been in the Waller Collection can 
be identified more fully in the sale catalogue, Sotheby's, 1921. Pieces re- 
ferred to in the text as having been in the Waller Collection, with no further 
identification, were bought in by the owner in 1921; they were resold at 
Christie's, 15 December 1947 (after this book was all in proof), and are now 
at Farmington. 

wsL.=oW. S. Lewis, or in the collection of W. S. Lewis at Farmington. 


IT is pleasant to record here that my bibliographical work has been 
made easier by courteous and friendly help wherever I have turned* 
Civilian travel has been so restricted that I have completed this 
work on the basis of the evidence so richly spread before me in Farm- 
ington, corroborated by what I could find in New England, New York, 
and Chicago. I am glad to bring together the records of my indebted- 
ness to the various libraries, records that are scattered through the 
pages that follow: to Harvard, Yale, Columbia, the Metropolitan Mu- 
seum of Art, the Morgan Library, the New York Public Library, the 
Newberry Library, the University of Chicago, and the University of 
Illinois. Particularly at Yale and the University of Chicago have the 


members o the staffs helped me and gladly forgiven me my odd biblio- 
graphical inquiries. I owe a particular debt for answers to specific in- 
quiries about books in their care to the following: Mr. H. R. Archer of 
the William Andrews Clark Memorial Library; Mr. Roland Baugh- 
man, formerly of the Huntington Library and now of Columbia; Mr. 
Curt Biihler of the Morgan Library; Mr. P. B. Daghlian, formerly of 
the University of Rochester and now of the University of Indiana; 
Mr. Frederic Goff of the Library of Congress; Mr. H. Guppy of the 
John Rylands Library; Mr. Karl Kup of the Spencer Collection in the 
New York Public Library; Miss Alice S. Johnson of the University of 
Illinois; Miss Lucy E. Osborne of the Chapin Library at Williams; Mr. 
Arthur Wheen of the Victoria and Albert Museum; Mr. Ralph Wil- 
liams, formerly of Wellesley and now of Trinity College in Hartford; 
and Mrs. Gertrude L. Woodward of the Newberry Library. Many other 
friends have responded from time to time when I have needed help, 
all of whom I would thank for their advice and encouragement: Mr. 
C. H. Bennett, Miss Emily H. Hall, Mr. Nicholas L. Heer, Mr. 
George L. Lam, Mr. C. P. Rollins, Mr. W. H. Smith, Mr. C. B. 
Tinker, Mr. A. Dayle Wallace, and Mr. W. K. Wimsatt, all of Yale; 
Mr. T. W. Hanson of Pulborough, Sussex; Mr. J. P. Kirby, formerly 
of Mary Washington College and now of Randolph-Macon; Mr. R. W. 
Chapman of Oxford; Mr. G. D. Hobson of Sotheby's; Mr. A. N. L. 
Munby, formerly of Sotheby's and now Librarian of King's College, 
Cambridge; and Mr. A. J. Watson of the British Museum. Many notes 
in this book are based on Mr. W. S. Lewis's examination of books in 
England, and he has besides advised with me constantly and read the 
manuscript; it is a pleasure to acknowledge all his help, as well as the 
continuing hospitality he and Mrs. Lewis have offered in their home 
and library. Miss Julia McCarthy has helped unfailingly in my work 
in the library at Farmington, and my wife has worked over every 
page of my text with me. The bibliographical judgments expressed in 
the book are my own, but every page is cooperative in terms of the 
people who have helped me. A T H 

The University of Chicago, 
June, 1947. 







Firft and Second Chapters of the BOOK of 


Printed for W. WEBB near St. Paxfe. 1 742. 
[ Price Sixpence. J 




'Short Notes': 14 July [1742]. I wrote The Lesson for the Day, in a letter to 
Mr. Mann; and Mr. Coke [Edward Coke, M.P., 1719-1753], son of Lord Lovel, 
coming in while I was writing it, took a copy, and dispersed it till it got into 
print, but with many additions, and was the origin of a great number of things 
of that sort.' 

The Lesson (HW wrote only a single chapter or lesson, although two were 
printed) was a satire on William Pulteney and his friends as place-hunters. Pul- 
teney, after years of parliamentary struggling against Sir Robert Walpole, was 
maneuvered into the House of Lords, 13 July 1742, as Earl of Bath. He was im- 
mediately attacked in numerous pamphlets and ballads, and lost his political 
influence. HW's use of Biblical parody was possibly suggested by The Chronicle 
of the Kings of England, by Nathan Ben Saddi, 1740-41, probably written by 
Robert Dodsley. 

In a note added later to his letter to Mann, 14 July 1742, HW wrote: 'This 
piece, with a very few additions, was the original of a numberless quantity of the 
same kind, which were published upon all subjects for a year or two/ In a note 
to his own transcript of his satire, in Waldegrave MS, HW wrote: 'This piece 
was wrote by Mr. Walpole in a letter to Mr. Mann ... the morning of these 
promotions, which were the second made after Sir Robert Walpole's resigna- 
tion. A copy got about, and was printed in two chapters with great additions, by 
whom he does not know; but this was the original of those swarms of papers in 
the same way, that came out on all subjects for a long time afterwards/ 

HW to Mann, 28 August 1742: 'The Lesson for the Day that I sent you, I 
gave to Mr. Coke . . . and by his dispersing it, it has got into print, with an 
additional one, which I cannot say I am proud should go under my name/ In the 
printed text, of two lessons or chapters, the second is largely HW's. 

Besides the MS sent to Mann in the letter and HW's somewhat revised tran- 
script in Waldegrave MS, there was a copy of the revised text in HW's hand, in 
the Waller Collection; Dr. Toynbee printed this in 1918 in his Supplement to 
the Letters of HW, ii.78. 


)lio; published 5 August 1742, for sixpence; approximately 31.5 x 
19.7 cm. untrirnmed. 
gnatures: [A]~-C 2 . 
agination: [i] title-page; [21] blank; 3-12 text. 

I think that this well-printed folio, so unlike the carelessly printed 
iitions described below, was the first edition, perhaps sponsored by 
r hoever added the first chapter. It may have been sent to the printer 
y Sir Charles Hanbury Williams, in whose collected Works the text 
ras reprinted. I have examined copies at Harvard and Yale, and there 
5 a copy at Farmington. Not only is this edition better printed than the 
thers and so according to general bibliographical probability likely 
o be the first edition, but it matches the announcement in the Gentle- 
nan's Magazine for August of a pamphlet published by Webb at six- 
pence. Webb might have published a very shabby little octavo pam- 
phlet for twopence or threepence and then been shamed into reprint- 
.ng it as a fine folio, I suppose, but it seems unlikely. Other editions 
iave an extra line on the title-page, 'Read to a Congregation at St. 
James's/ a phrase likely to have been added, not removed. Ordinarily 
the second of the editions described below would be accepted as the 
first because H W owned it, but he is so explicit in denying any knowl- 
edge of the printing that he seems fully as likely not to have had a copy 
of the first edition, 


1. Octavo, isp.; one half-sheet unsigned and a quarter-sheet signed 
B. The title-page follows the first edition down to the imprint, which 
reads: 'Printed in the Year MDCCXLII/ Like the other editions in 
octavo, it is badly printed. 

2. A copy pasted into HW's W aide grave MS. This edition is on 
cheap paper, one half-sheet, octavo, with horizontal chain-lines. It is 
badly printed, with glaring misprints, wrong-fount letters, and broken 
type. The title-page adds: 'Read to a Congregation at St. James's/ The 
imprint reads: 'London: Printed for W. Webb near St. Paul's. 1742,' 
without any price. 

3. A copy very similar to HW's, printed from the same setting of 
type but with two errors corrected, is in the New York Public Library. 

4. At Farmington there is another edition, one half-sheet, octavo. 


The imprint reads merely: 'Printed in the Year, 1742.' This is an en- 
tirely different edition: it has mistakes enough of its own, but they are 
not the mistakes of the previous edition, to which it is probably un- 

5. The copy in the British Museum is one half-sheet, octavo, with 
horizontal chain-lines; but the title-page reads like No, i above. At 
Haigh Hall there is (or was) an edition of seven pages in folio, printed 
for Webb; this would seem to be an imperfect copy or a compressed 
reprint of the first edition. 

6. The text was reprinted in the first number of The Foundling 
Hospital for Wit, 1743, and in the Works of Sir C. H. Williams, 1822, 

7. It seems likely that an edition was also published in the Low 
Countries with a new title, to judge by the following letter from H. S. 
Conway to H W, dated from Ghent, 1 5 September 1 742 : 'I have seen 
your chapter of preferments printed here, and the additional one, 
which is not bad neither a pompous edition and a new title, The 
Vision/ (The Conway letters were printed in Eraser's Magazine for 
June 1850.) 


HW Wrote Mann, 28 August 1742: 'Nothing but lessons are the 
fashion: first and second lessons, morning and evening lessons, epistles, 
etc/ The first and second lessons, of course, were the two Lessons de- 
scribed above; HW's text is incorporated in the second. I list here such 
continuations or parodies as I have records of: 

The Evening Lessons for the Day, being the Third and Fourth 
Chapters of the Book of Preferment. By the Author of the First and 
Second. Webb, 1742. A variant title reads merely The Lessons for the 
Day . . . but has the same text. The copies I have seen are bound (and 
no doubt were issued) with the New York Public Library and WSL 
editions of the original pamphlet. There may also be a folio edition, 
since the Gentleman's Magazine for August 1742 lists The Evening 
Lessons, published by Webb for sixpence. 

The Lessons for the Day, being the Fifth and Sixth Chapters of the 
Book of Preferment. By the Author of the foregoing. Webb, n.d. 
Bound (and necessarily issued) with the New York Public Library's 
edition of the original pamphlet. 


The Evening Lessons, being the First and Second Chapters of the 
look of Entertainments. A satire on Vauxhall and Ranelagh, pub- 
Ished by Webb for sixpence, 11 August 1742, and reprinted in the 
bundling Hospital for Wit, 1743. 

Lessons for Evening Service, 1742. This sixteen-page pamphlet in 

he British Museum is still another satire written as a Biblical parody. 

The Epistle for the Day, being part of the Second Chapter of the 

\x:ts of the Patriots. Another satire on Pulteney, in the Foundling Hos- 

rital for Wit, 1743. 

A Lesson for the Day, being the Second Chapter of the last book of 
;he Chronicles of the Kings of France and England. By Michael Ben 
HEaddi, 1744. The title must have been suggested in part by HW's 
jquib and in part by Dodsley's Chronicle of the Kings of England. 

[H. Fielding?] A New Lesson for Pope. Sent to Mann by HW, 28 
August 1742 as 'a very good one' on Gibber's letter to Pope. 

2. THE BEAUTIES. 1746. 

'Short Notes': In July . . . [1746] I wrote The Beauties, which was handed 
about till it got into print, very incorrectly/ According to Daniel Wray, HW's 
authorship was generally known; see his letter quoted in J. Nichols, Illustrations, 

Although the lines were addressed to the painter, Eckardt, they seem to have 
been composed particularly for Lady Caroline Fox. HW sent the verses to her 
in a letter to her husband, Henry Fox, 19 July 1746. Fox and Lady Caroline wel- 
comed them enthusiastically, and Fox wrote HW immediately that he planned 
to make them public. On 24 July HW replied to Fox, begging him on no account 
to make public such hastily composed trivia; he did not want to incur the enmity 
of all other ladies, he protested, and the final lines on Miss Elizabeth Evelyn were 
too particular. He ended his letter to Fox: 'I am, my dear Sir, and always shall be, 
if you will suppress my verses, your most obliged humble servant/ 

HW's note to his transcript, in Waldegrave MS, reads: 'Wrote in July 1746. 
. . . Some copies of this poem having got about, it was printed without the 
author's knowledge, and with several errors. It was reprinted more correctly in 
the second volume of a Miscellany of poems in three volumes published by 
Dodsley 1748.' The folio edition, despite a few small errors, is in general very 
close to this MS copy. Another MS copy, in an unidentified hand, was sold at 
Hodgson's, 24 August 1944. 

HW to Mann, 12 November 1746: 'Don't scold me for not sending you those 
lines to Eckardt; I never wrote anything that I esteemed less, or that was seen 
so incorrect; nor can I at all account for their having been so much liked, es- 



A 1ST 



T O 

" 9 the Painter. 

JL O A? & O 

Printed for M. COOPER, in pater- 


Price Six-pence. ] 

in the Kail-Book of tin Ccmfary $f S YJ& TIO WE R S. 



icially as the thoughts were so old and common. I was hurt at their getting 
.to print.' 

But if HW was at first hurt by seeing his verses in print, he bore up extremely 
ell; he included them both in his Fugitive Pieces, 1758, and in his Works. 

olio with horizontal chain-lines; published by M. Cooper at the be- 
ginning of September, at sixpence; an untrimmed copy measures 
approximately 37.4 x 24.5 cm. 

ignatures: One leaf unsigned; B 2 ; one leaf unsigned. The title-page 
and last leaf were probably printed together. 

'agination: [i] title-page; [25] blank; 3-8 text. 


Dodsley printed a somewhat corrected version in his Collection of 
^oemSj 1748. HW also reprinted the poem in his own Fugitive Pieces, 
1758, and in his Works, 1770 and 1798; it was included in the third 
volume of Bell's Fugitive Poetry, 1792; and in HW's Fugitive Verses, 


The copy at Farmington is untrixnrned, so that one can be certain the poem 
was printed on half -sheets of a double-size paper. Another copy, at the University 
D Michigan, has been cut down severely. 


'Short Notes': 'November 4th and 5th [1746], Mrs. Pritchard spoke my Epi- 
logue to [Rowe's] Tamerlane on the suppression of the Rebellion, at the theatre 
in Covent Garden; it was printed by Dodsley the next day.' 

HW's note in Waldegrave MS: 'Wrote at Windsor. . . . Tamerlane is always 
acted with an occasional prologue in honour of King William, on the 4th and 
5th of November, being the anniversaries of his birth and landing. This epilogue 
was spoken on those two days in honour of William Duke of Cumberland, who 
had defeated the Young Pretender in Scotland in the foregoing April. It was 
printed the next day by Dodsley, and afterwards by him in the second volume 
of his Collection of Poems. 9 

HW to Montagu, 3 November 1746: 'Just now I am under the maidenhead- 
palpitation of an author; my epilogue will, I believe, be spoke to-morrow night, 
and I flatter myself I shall have no faults to answer for but what are in it, for 
I have kept secret whose it is. It is now gone to be licensed, but as the Lord 
Chamberlain is mentioned, though rather to his honour, it is possible it may be 
refused, as they are apt to think at the office, that the Duke of Grafton can't be 
mentioned but in ridicule/ 


T O 



The SuppreflionoftheREBELLioN. 

By Mrs. P RITCH^4R>, 

In the Chara&er of the COMIC -MusE^ l$ov. 4. 1746, 


Printed for R. Doi> s LEY at TullyVhead in Pall-mall 5 and fold 
by M. C o o P E R at the Globe in Pater-nofter-Row, 

f Price Sixpence. 3 



HW to Mann, 12 November 1746: 'I enclose you an epilogue that I have 
tvritten. . . . Tamerlane is always acted on King William's birthday, with an 
Dccasional prologue; this was the epilogue to it, and succeeded to flatter me/ 

Foolscap folio; published 5 November, sixpence. 

Two sheets unsigned. 

Pagination: [i] title-page; [2] blank; [g]~7 text; [8] blank. 


H W's Epilogue was reprinted in the fourth number of the Found- 
ling Hospital for Wit, 1747; in the second volume of Dodsley's Collec- 
tion of Poems, 1748; in HW's Fugitive Pieces, 1758; in the Works, 
1770 and 1798; and in HW's Fugitive Verses, 1931. 


The copy at Harvard, which I have collated, has been trimmed by the binder, 
but it is a good copy; it was bequeathed to Harvard by E. J. Wendell. There is 
also a copy in the British Museum. I have found no trace of HW's copy; possibly 
he preserved only his MS copy in W aide grave MS. 


HW compiled a list of pictures at Houghton, with their dimensions and the 
artists' names, in 1736; this MS is now in the Morgan Library, inlaid in HW's 
copy of Aedes Walpolianae 1752. By 1743 there were additional pictures, and 
HW appears to have reexamined the whole collection. He was at Houghton 
through most of the summer of 1743, and the dedication of the volume to his 
father is dated 24 August 1743. (Sir Robert died in March 1745, before the 
volume was printed.) 

Perhaps to add interest to his volume, HW then added a short piece he had 
written in 1742. See 'Short Notes': 'In the summer of 1742 I wrote A Sermon on 
Painting, for the amusement of my father. . . . Afterwards published in the 
Aedes Walpolianae. 9 

HW's note to the Sermon on Painting in W aide grave MS: 'This sermon was 
preached at Houghton before Lord Orford, and is a sort of essay on his col- 
lection of pictures there. 1742. It has since been printed in the Aedes Wal- 
polianae 1747. The second edition of which was published 10 March 1752.' [The 
last two sentences were added later.] There are a few very small variants in the 
text of this MS. Another MS of the Sermon is with HW's letters to Montagu, at 

Next, HW decided to include in the volume John Whaley's poem, A Journey 
to Houghton; see Whaley's letter to HW, 12 September 1743: 'I have a copy of 
the verses at Kingsland. ... I will endeavour to make them as much better as 


O R, A 



Colledion of Pidures 

A T 

Houghton-ffa// in Norfolk y 

The S B A T of the Right Honourable 



drtifts and Plans nlietfd my fokmn Hours $ 
I founded Palaces, and planted Boixfrs. 

PRIOR*! Solomon. 

LONDON: Printed in the Year 1747. 



I can, and dress them up as clean as possible that they may appear with decent 
modesty, in company so far above them as you will condescend to introduce them 
to. ... I purpose leaving out the trifling circumstances of the journey and leave 
nothing in the poem but what relates to Houghton if you think proper, which 
I should be glad to know/ 

'Short Notes': In 1747 I printed my account of the collection of pictures at 
Houghton, under the title of Aedes Walpolianae. It had been drawn up in the 
year 1743. 1 printed but 200 copies, to give away. It was very incorrectly printed; 
another edition, more accurate, and enlarged, was published 10 March 1752.' 

Although the numeral is very distinct in the MS of 'Short Notes/ so that the 
number '200' is unmistakable, I think HW in writing years afterwards made an 
error. His list of recipients in his own copy, now in the Dyce Collection, has 
eighty-three names, and his note at the top is written out distinctly: 'There were 
but one hundred copies printed/ Furthermore, he wrote to Mann in August 
1748: 'I have just printed an hundred'; and Vertue's bill (now WSL) for the en- 
gravings specifies 100 copies of each. 


The date on the title-page is 1747, but the printing was delayed by corrections 
which necessitated cancels. Furthermore, the plates are dated 1748, and Vertue 
was not paid for them until November 1748. In the list of recipients (in HW's 
copy, now in the Dyce Collection) 85 of the hundred copies printed are listed, 
and HW kept at least two or three. He did not send Mann's copy (sixteenth in 
the list) until October 1748; and the other three for which we have the date of 
presentation (Sir Danvers Osborn, William Cole, Prince of Walesall 1749) 
are well down in the list. So it seems unlikely that any copies were finished in 
1747, despite the date on the title-page. From the collation one can surmise that 
Signature A containing the title-page was printed first, not after the text had 
been completed. No doubt the book was printed (begun, at least) in 1747, but 
the cancels and numerous corrections in MS seem to have delayed the distribu- 
tion until the middle of the next year. 

HW to Mann, August 1748: 'As my fears about Houghton are great, I am a 
little pleased to have finished a slight memorial of it, a description of the pic- 
tures, of which I have just printed an hundred, to give to particular people: I 
will send you one, and shall beg Dr. Cocchi to accept another/ 24 October 1748: 
'Your brother . . . will send them [two copies of Aedes] by the first opportunity: 
I am by no means satisfied with them; they are full of faults, and the two por- 
traits wretchedly unlike/ 

HW to Montagu, 5 July 1749: 'He [the Prince of Wales] had seen my Aedes 
Walpolianae at Sir Luke Schaub's, and sent by him to desire one. I sent him one, 
bound quite in coronation robes. . . .' 

Royal quarto; all copies seen are trimmed, and bound in the same 

mottled calf. 
Signatures: A-M 4 ; N 2 ; O-Q 4 (Q 4 blank). 


Pagination: [i] title-page; [ii] blank; [iii]-vi Dedication to Lord 
Orford, dated 24 August 1743; vii-xxxv Introduction; [xxxvi] 
blank; 3786 Description of Houghton; 8799 Sermon on Painting, 
1743; [100] blank; 101-123 Journey to Houghton, by the Rev. Mr. 
Whaley; one blank leaf. 

Plates: Sir Robert Walpole, frontispiece; Catherine, Lady Walpole, 
p. 101; two folding plates of floor plans, p. 37; two folding plates 
showing East and West Fronts, p. 87. The two portraits were en- 
graved by Vertue from miniatures by Zincke. 

Cancels: E 4 , F 4 , Ij. I 3 , K 4 , L 2 


All the lines dividing the fractions in the measurements of pictures 
are inserted by hand, and small corrections or additions were made 
fairly regularly in MS by HW in all copies, on the frontispiece, three 
plates, and some twenty-two pages. But not all the copies have all the 
corrections, and several corrections noted by H W in his own copy were 
apparently discovered after he had distributed all or nearly all the 

The whole of Signature G exists in two settings of type, and there is 
a still earlier setting of pp. 49 and 52. The three settings (not mere 
changes at press but reset pages) can be differentiated and identified by 
the following points: 

Setting i. Page 49, 1. 8, 'Mystake'; 1. 20, 'excell'd, are remaakrbly* 
Page 52, 1. 6, 'Portat* 
Page 56, 1. 18, 'Carlo' is misprinted with, an inverted m, 'uiarlo'; 

corrected in standing type, since the rest o p. 56 is the same 

as Setting 2. 
Pages 50, 51, 53-55 as in Setting 2. 

Setting 2. Page 49, 1. 8, 'Mistake'; 1. 20, 'excell'd, are remarkably' 

Page 50, 1. 13, 14, 'Saloon* and 'forty wide/ corrected in MS. 
Page 52, 1. 6, 'Portrait'; 'Virgin' in roman type as in Setting i. 
Page 53, 1. 2, 'Mosieur' 
Page 56, 1. 3 from bottom, 'Another' 

Setting 3. Page 49, 1. 20, 'excelled, are remarkably* 

Page 50, 1. 13, 14, 'Salon' and 'thirty wide/ 
Page 52, 1. 6, 'Virgin' in italic type 
Page 53, 1. 2, 'Monsieur* 
Page 56, 1. 3 from bottom, 'another' 


HW's copy, now in the Dyce Collection, has the second setting of 
Signature G. It also preserves the originals of four cancels (I am judging 
from photostats); they prove chiefly that in 1747 HW had not learned 
to read proof carefully. 

F 4 . The cancel leaf was prepared to correct 'The Little Parlour/ on p. 47, to 
'The Little Bed-Chamber.' 

I 3 . The cancel leaf was prepared to correct an absurd error on p. 69, where 
the Gallery is said to be 'twenty-three* feet long instead of 'seventy-three/ Two 
smaller errors were corrected on p. 70. 

K 4 . The cancel leaf was prepared to correct 'the finest Persuasion' on p. 79 to 
'the finest Preservation/ 

L s . The cancel leaf was prepared to correct '6 Feet and a half/ at bottom of 
p. 83, to '3 Feet 6 and a half/ Two smaller errors were corrected on p. 84. 

The number of errors seems extraordinary, even in a privately 
printed volume by an inexperienced author. HW says of it in 'Short 
Notes/ with disarming casualness: Tt was very incorrectly printed/ 
The simple truth is that HW, for all his fussy carefulness, had an ele- 
gant dilettante's carelessness about details, and he lacked a proof- 
reader's eye. Gray knew this defect, for he wrote to HW, July 1752: 
Tray, when the fine book [Bentley's Designs] is to be printed, let me 
revise the press, for you know you can't/ And HW refers to Gray's 
letter, clearly, in a letter to Mason, 15 May 1773: 'I have not the pa- 
tience necessary for correcting the press. Gray was forever reproaching 
me with it, and in one of the letters I have just turned over, he says, 
"Pray send me the proof sheets to correct, for you know you are not 
capable of it/' ' 


The second edition, incorporating numerous corrections and ad- 
ditions in the text and plates, was published by Dodsley, 10 March 
1752. Both this and the third edition, and probably the first edition 
too, were printed by John Hughs, Dodsley's usual printer. The second 
edition is on slightly smaller paper, A S*, 143 pp., 6 plates. 

The book is listed in the Gentleman's Magazine for April 1759, 
but I suppose this to be only Dodsley's attempt to move a small re- 
mainder. The third edition, a close reprint of the second, was pub- 
lished in 1767; an uncut copy at Farmington measures approximately 
29.4 x 22.5 cm. 

Most of the text of HW's description was prefixed to the second 


edition of Thomas Ripley's Plans, Elevations and Sections . . . of 
Houghton, published by Fourdrinier in 1760. (There is at Farming- 
ton a copy of the first edition, 1735, containing a handsome MS copy 
of H W's description.) H W's text was also included in the first volume 
of The English Connoisseur, 1766, in The Norfolk Tour, 1795, and 
in the second volume of his Works, 1798. 


1. HW's MS, carefully written out with undated MS title-page and dedication, 
including his Sermon on Painting but not Whaley's Journey to Houghton. Folio 
magna, illustrated with 120 drawings, prints of portraits at Houghton, etc., as 
well as plans of buildings; colored drawings by Rubens and Maratti. Original 
marbled boards, with HW's bookplate inside cover. Directions to the printer in 
MS laid in; numerous later additions and notes by HW. Listed in Description 
of SH, 1774 and 1784; London Sale, 1842, lot 1124, to Lilly, 14.3,6; offered by 
Lilly in 1843, and by W. Strong of Bristol, 1843, lot 1881. Purchased in 1925 by 
Metropolitan Museum, New York. 

2. A copy in MS, octavo, calf. Ellis, June 1930, to WSL, 15.15.0. 

3. Inscribed on title-page: 'Ex Dono Honoratissimi Eruditissimique Auctoris'; 
pictures priced in red ink. Signature G in Setting 3. Bookplate of John Towneley, 
Esq. (1731-1813); it is possible that HW presented the book to Towneley, whom 
he knew slightly, but perhaps more likely that it came into Towneley's possession 
somewhat later, since he is not named in HW's list of recipients. Mottled calf, re- 
backed. Sotheby's, 26 June 1883 (Towneley Hall Sale), lot 2620, to Stewart, 9/-; 
offered by a bookseller (clipping inserted) for 25/-; from the Gaskill Collection, 
September 1939, to WSL. 

4. Presentation copy to Grosvenor Bedford, inscribed by him; pictures priced 
in MS. Pencil note by HW pasted on fly-leaf: 'The edition of 1752 is much more 
ample in the description of this picture of Guido than this edition 1747.' Signa- 
ture G in Setting 3; final blank wanting. Mottled calf, rebacked. Thorpe, No- 
vember 1932, to WSL, 35/-. 

5. Bookplate of Sir Francis Baring, Bart. (1740-1810), and label of R. W. 
Chapman. Signature G in Setting 2; final blank wanting. Mottled calf, rebacked. 
I. K. Fletcher, April 1942, to WSL, 6.6.0. 

6. Bookplate removed from inside front cover; Signature G in Setting i. 
Mottled calf. Bought by WSL in 1925, 157-. 

7. HW's copy, with his MS additions and corrections and his list of 83 re- 
cipients of copies. Signature G in Setting 2. Vellum. SH Sale, iv.i55, to Thorpe, 
4.4.0; offered by both Thorpe and Longmans in 1842 for 7*7.0; now in the 
Dyce Collection at South Kensington. 

8. Inscribed on title-page: 'Danvers Osborn 1749, Given me by Mr* Horace 
Walpole.' Mottled calf. Offered by Pickering and Chatto, for 15.15.0 in 1939, 
for 14 in 1941, and for 15 in 1946. 

9. Second edition, 1752. HW's copy, with many MS additions and his MS 


catalogue (1736) of the pictures at Houghton inlaid at end, rebound in red 
morocco by F. Bedford. Possibly the copy listed in SH Sale, vii-45, sold with other 
volumes to Holloway; offered by Willis in 1855 for 7.10.0; Sotheby's, 7 May 
1904 (Ford Sale), lot 642, to Harvey, 15.15.0; now in the Morgan Library. 

10. Third edition, 1767. HW's copy, bound with a copy of the Description of 
SH 1784, was in SH Sale, vii.4i (London Sale, 1 159), to Lilly, 3.19.0 (with Lord 
Hardwicke's Walpoliana); now at Chewton. 


'Short Notes': 'About the same time [1747] was published a Letter to the 
Tories, written, as I then believed, by Mr. George Lyttelton. ... I published 
an answer to that piece, and called it a Letter to the Whigs. It was a careless per- 
formance, and written in five days.' 

The Letter to the Tories, published by Say in June, 1747, is a sixpenny pam- 
phlet of twenty-four pages. It is signed *J. H.' but the author is not known al- 
though the Library of Congress lists Lyttelton as 'supposed author.' The second 
edition, published in 1748, is a close reprint with a few corrections. HW's copy 
of the second edition is now at Farmington. HW's reply, being twice as long, 
was dignified by being priced at one shilling. 

In his own copy of the Second and Third Letter (see next book), HW again 
identified Lyttelton as the supposed author of the Letter to the Tories, but 
added: 'After these two Letters came out, there was a denial of his being the 
author printed in a daily paper, but not signed by himself, and it was said that 
the Letter to the Tories was wrote by Dr. Thirlby; but neither of these facts was 
ever authenticated.' 

Octavo in half -sheets; published by Cooper 23 July 1747, at i/-. An 
untrimmed copy measures approximately 21.5x14 cm. 

Signatures: Two leaves unsigned; B-G 4 ; H 2 (H 2 blank). 

Pagination: [i] half-title; [2] blank; [3] title-page; [4] blank; 5-54 
text; [55-56] blank. 

In HW's copy typographical errors on pp. i o, 12, 13, 24, and 37 have 
been corrected by hand. 


The second edition, published 1 5 April 1 748, is a close reprint o the 
first; not even the typographical errors are corrected. But by using a 
smaller type it was compressed to forty pages. 

The third edition, published at 1/6 on 27 May 1748, included the 
Second and Third Letter under the title: Three Letters to the Whigs; 





The LETTER to the TORIES. 

tula-it GracAot de Sedition querentti ? Jtiv. 


for M. COOPER, at the Gkbe in Pater-nejler- 


the Bodleian has a copy. I think the Letter to the Whigs has not been 
reprinted since 1748, 

On 25 April 1748, W. Webb published A Congratulatory Letter to 
Selim, on the Three Letters to the Whigs. In May appeared Edward 
Moore's poem, The Trial of Selim the Persian, written to defend 
Lyttelton (Selim) against various attacks including that by the un- 
known author of the Letter to the Whigs. So it was comic to HW in 
1754 that he should be engaged to reconcile Lyttelton and Moore; 
see HW to Bentley, 18 May 1754. 


i, HW's copy, bound with Second and Third Letter and the second edition of 
Letter to the Tories; numerous identifications by HW. Old mottled calf, with 
HW's bookplate inside cover; signature *J- Mitford 1842* on fly-leaf and some 
notes by Mitford. SH Sale, vii.48 (London Sale 1033), to Payne and Foss, 3,3.0 
(with six other volumes); Sotheby's, 24 April 1860 (Mitford Sale), lot 3676, to 
Booth, 1.8.0; Sotheby's, 25 November 1937 (Newcastle-Clumber Library), lot 
91 1, to Maggs for WSL, 1 1. 

The book is somewhat scarce, but it has never been sought after by collectors. 
There is a fine uncut copy at Farmington. Three copies are in the British 


'Short Notes': 'At the end of the year [1747] I wrote two more Letters to the 
Whigs, but did not publish them till April the next year, when they went 
through three editions immediately. I had intended to suppress them, but 
some attacks being made by the Grenvilles on Lord Chief Justice Willes, an in- 
timate friend of my father, ... I printed them and other pieces.' By "other 
pieces' HW no doubt meant the two speeches recorded below. 

The Advertisement facing the title-page (and also in the Daily Advertiser, 26 
March 1748) says that these letters would have been suppressed 'if a late extraor- 
dinary attack on the whole Bench of Judges had not convinced the author, 
that it is necessary to warn his countrymen of what danger their laws and liber- 
ties are in, from a certain set of men of the most arbitrary principles.' The letters 
are said to have been composed four months earlier. 

Octavo; published by Cooper, 26 March 1748, at 1/6. An untrimmed 

copy measures approximately 21.5 x 14 cm. 
Signatures: Two leaves unsigned; A E 8 ; F 8 . 
Pagination: Half-title, with Advertisement on verso; title-page, with 

verso blank; [i] 92 text. 





By the AUTHOR of the Firft. 

Free as young Lyttleton her Caufe purfue. POPE* 


Printed for M. COOPER, at the Globe in 
Pater-nojler Rim. 




The second edition is included in the third edition of the first letter, 
entitled Three Letters to the Whigs, published 27 May 1748. 


The book has never been much sought by collectors, and is about as scarce as 
the first Letter. Harvard, Yale, Columbia, and the New York Public Library have 
copies, and there are three at Farmington. 

HOPE. 1748. 

In February 1748, the Grenvilles proposed a bill to move the Assizes from 
Ailesbury to Buckingham as a means of attacking Chief Justice Willes, one of 
Sir Robert Walpole's friends. HW was anxious to defend his father and planned 
a speech, but he never delivered it. Instead, he used it for the pamphlet he de- 
scribes in the next paragraph. (At Farmington there is what seems to be another 
undelivered speech during the same quarrel.) 

'Short Notes': 'During the course of the same bill [the Buckingham Assize 
Bill], Sir William Stanhope had likewise been interrupted, in a very bitter speech 
against the Grenvilles. I formed part of the speech I had intended to make, into 
one for Sir William, and published it in his name. It made great noise. Camp- 
bell answered it for a bookseller. I published another, called The Speech of 
Richard Whiteliver^ in answer to Campbell's. All these things were only ex- 
cusable by the lengths to which party had been carried against my father; or 
rather, were not excusable even then/ 

Campbell's reply, published by Moore and reprinted in the Gentleman's 
Magazine for March 1748 and in the Foundling Hospital for Wit in 1749, was 
called: A Speech without Doors. 

Pot folio; published by Webb, 3 March 1748, at sixpence. 
Signatures: One leaf unsigned; B 2 ; C 1 . 

Pagination: Title-page, with verso blank; [s]-8 text. The title-page 
was printed with leaf C. 


The speech was reprinted in the Gentleman's Magazine for March 
1 748, in the London Magazine for May, and in the sixth number of the 
Foundling Hospital for Wit, 1749. The Foundling Hospital copies the 
misprint in the last sentence, 'presence' for 'preserve/ which the 
Gentleman's Magazine had printed correctly. The speech is also in- 
cluded in the fourteenth volume of the Parliamentary History. 



O F 

Sir PF m St pe, 

On the 4> fjrft reading of the Bill for appointing 
the Affixes at BitcktngbaM, Feb. 19, 1748. 


Printed for W.WEBB, near St. PWs, 1 748. 
[ Price Six-pence. ] 


T H 


O F 

Richard White-Liver 

In behalf of Himfel and his Brethren. 
Spoken to the moft 


A T 

R A G F ^ I R 

Hear Us, for We .have been on both Sides. 

A new Maxim of our Family. 

Printed for W. WEBB, near St. PauP^ 1 748. 

f Price Six-uence. T 



The only copy I have seen is almost uncut, in a modern wrapper; purchased 
by WSL from Swift in August 1936. 


See 'Short Notes' under The Original Speech of Sir William Stanhope im- 
mediately above. 

Pot folio; published by Webb in March 1748, at sixpence. 
Signatures: Two sheets, quired, the second leaf signed B. 
Pagination: [i] title-page; [2] blank; [gj-7 text; [8] blank. 


The speech was reprinted in the sixth number of the Foundling 
Hospital for Wit, 1749; punctuation and capitalization are altered 
freely, but the only significant change is the word 'disposed' which was 
correctly printed 'deposed' in the original. 


The only copy I have seen is at the University of Illinois, heavily trimmed, 
bound in a quarto volume of pamphlets; it was acquired from BlackwelPs of 
Oxford in 1942. 

9. A LETTER FROM XO HO. 1757. 

HW to George Grenville, 13 May 1757: 'The ridiculous situation of this 
country for some months drew from me yesterday the enclosed thoughts, which 
I beg you will be so good as to run over and return/ 

MS note by HW in his own copy of the first edition: 'Written 12 May 1757; 
printed May 17 and a second edition on the 20th/ 

'Short Notes': 'May 1 2th of that year [1757], I wrote in less than an hour and a 
half the Letter from Xo Ho; it was published on the 17th, and immediately 
passed through five editions/ 

HW to Montagu, 2 June 1757: 1 don't know how you came not to see the 
advertisements of Xo Ho, which have been in continually; four editions were 
published in twelve days/ 

There is no real contradiction between HW's two remarks about the success 
of his little satire. The first edition was perhaps available on 17 May, although 
the first advertisements (in the Daily Advertiser and the London Evening Post) 
appeared on the igth. The second edition was advertised 20 May; the third 
edition, 24 May; and the fourth edition, 31 May, just twelve days after the ad- 
vertisement of the first edition. The fifth edition was published 27 June, six 



XO HO, a Chinefe Philofopher at LONDON, 




Printed for N. Mi DOLE TON, in the Strand. 

(Price Sixpence.) 



weeks after the first edition. But when HW printed his Fugitive Pieces a year 
later, he wrote somewhat carelessly: 'This piece was written 12 May 1757, was 
sent to the press next day, and went through five editions in a fortnight.' 

Austin Dobson and others have pointed out that HW's Lien Chi is strangely 
like Lien Chi Altangi, and there seems no reason to doubt that Goldsmith picked 
up the name from HW's satire, which was given a short but favorable notice in 
the Monthly Review for May 1757. A more direct reply was published 20 June: 
An answer from Lien Chi in Pekin, to Xo Ho the Chinese philosopher in Lon- 
don, to which is annexed a letter -from Philo-Briton to Lien Chi. The Monthly 
Review was very scornful of this reply. 

Foolscap folio; approximately 33.5 x 21 cm. uncut; price sixpence. 
Signatures: Two sheets, quired; inner sheet signed B. 
Pagination: Title-page, with verso blank; 16 text. 


The Gentleman's Magazine, Critical Review, and Monthly Review 
all record the publisher as Graham. All copies of the first edition seem 
to have N. Middleton as publisher. Copies of the first edition were sold 
with such unexpected speed, apparently, that the second edition pub- 
lished three days later by Graham had to be used for review copies. I 
do not know why there should have been a change in publishers. 
Graham was associated with Bathoe, HW's bookseller; possibly Mid- 
dleton was also linked to Bathoe. 

Perhaps more interesting than the change of publishers is the fact 
that all five editions were printed from standing type. In the second 
edition, the title-page carries the added words 'The Second Edition/ 
and the publisher's name is changed, but I cannot find any change in 
the text. The imprint is changed again slightly in the fourth edition, 
but the text is printed from the same type in all five editions. All 
editions are undated. 


In addition to the series of five editions in folio, HW's Letter to Xo 
Ho was reprinted in his Fugitive Pieces, 1758, and in the collected 
Works in quarto. A considerable extract was reprinted in the London 
Chronicle, z June 1757. 


i. HW's copy, with his annotations, and notice from the Critical Review; 
uncut and unbound. Mrs. Bentley, March 1937, to WSL, in a collection. 

41 3 


2. Two other copies of the first edition are at Farmington, and one at Har- 
vard. Two copies of the second edition are at Harvard, and one copy each at 
Farmington and at Yale. The British Museum has a copy of the third edition. 
George Chetwynd's copy of the fourth edition, in a volume of tracts, is at Har- 
vard; and the Library of Congress has a copy of the fourth edition. Harvard and 
the British Museum have copies of the fifth edition. 


For description see SH Bibliography, pp. 33-37, 87-94 (Works), and 135-36 

On p. 36 the record of an edition dated 1763 is a ghost and should be de- 
leted. I made it, carelessly, from a Library of Congress card, but the card was 
made by a careless misreading of the Roman numerals of the SH edition. 

Of Thomas Park's edition in five volumes, 1806, I may add that copies were 
imposed both in octavo and in quarto, the latter producing a few handsome 
large-paper copies. In one copy of the octavo, I have found the preliminary 
leaves reset in all volumes, although the watermark (1805) is the same as in other 
copies. Many of the plates are dated i February 1807, and the edition was not 
published until late in 1807. Proofs of the plates were formerly much sought by 
collectors. In most copies of the fifth volume leaf D 2 (F 2 in the quarto) and leaf 
L 8 (X 4 in the quarto) are cancels. 

The set of Park's edition in the Library of Congress has a new title-page in the 
third volume dated 1812; in a copy at Farmington containing advertisements 
dated 1814, the title-pages of the second and third volumes have been reprinted 
(watermarked 1811), although 1806 is kept in the imprint; in a copy at the Uni- 
versity of California, the title-pages of the second and third volumes are dated 
1812. I have not seen the reissue (ca. 1823) described in Notes and Queries, 3d 
Series, vi.283 (1864) and recorded in Lowndes and in the Dictionary of National 
Biography under 'Park': it appears to have contained a new paragraph in the 
editor's preface, several cancels, and HW's appendix that was still protected by 
copyright in 1806. 


For description see SH Bibliography, p. 39. 

The following pieces were first published in this volume: 

(1) 'Verses in Memory of King Henry the Sixth/ written at Cambridge, 2 
February 1738. HW's transcript in the Waldegrave MS shows that he made some 
small revisions before printing in 1758. The verses were reprinted in the first 
volume of the New Foundling Hospital for Wit, 1784. 

(2) 'Inscription for the Neglected Column in the Place of St. Mark at Florence/ 
written in 1740. HW's transcript in the Waldegrave MS has an earlier text, some- 
what closer to that sent by HW to Spence in 1751 (MS now at Huntington Li- 
brary; printed in Spence's Anecdotes, 1830, p. 440). The inscription was re- 


printed in the Annual Register for 1772, and in the first volume of the New 
Foundling Hospital for Wit, 1784. 

(3) 'The Entail/ written in 1754. See 'Short Notes': In July of that year [1754] 
I wrote "The Entail/' a fable in verse/ It was reprinted in the Annual Register 
for 1772, and in the first volume of the New Foundling Hospital for Wit, 1784. 
A copy of the poem in HW's hand, formerly in the Waller Collection, is now WSL. 
HW's transcript of the poem is in the Waldegrave MS. In the twelfth number 
of 'Miscellaneous Antiquities* in 1936, Bentley's Designs for Walpole 9 s Fugitive 
Pieces, Mr. Lewis published Bentley's drawings for 'The Entail/ 

(4) 'Epigram on Admiral Vernon, 1750.' It was reprinted in the first volume 
of the New Foundling Hospital for Wit, 1784. HW's transcript is in the W aide- 
grave MS. 

(5) 'Epitaph on the Cenotaph of Lady Walpole erected ... in July 1754.' 
To his transcript in the Waldegrave MS HW added this note; 'This epitaph was 
written at Florence in 1740. . . . Lady Walpole is buried at Houghton in Nor- 
folk/ An early copy in HW's autograph is at the Liverpool Public Library. 

(6) Supplementary account of Theodore of Corsica. 

(7) Two numbers of The World, not used in the periodical. The MSS are now 
at Farmington; see Contributions to Periodicals below. 

(8) An inquiry into the person and age of the long-lived Countess of Desmond. 

(9) Inscription on a picture of the late Pope. 

All these pieces were included when the Fugitive Pieces were reprinted in the 
Works of 1770 and 1798. The poetical pieces were reprinted by WSL in 1931 in 
his collection of HW's Fugitive Verses. 


'Short Notes': '13 March [1760], wrote the Dialogue between Two Great 
Ladies. It was published 23 April, being deferred till after the trials of Lord G. 
Sackville and Lord Ferrers/ 

HW's delay in publishing this short satire on the German war until after Lord 
George Sackville's trial can be explained by a passage on p. 15 in which Maria 
Theresa says: Tour ideas are very romantic. The English, whom you admire, 
do not push their generosity so far. Did not they lately put an admiral [Byng] to 
death, for supposing he had beaten the French when he had not?' Throughout 
the Dialogue, the letters M. T. stand for Maria Theresa, and E. for the Empress 
of Russia. 

The Monthly Review was not greatly impressed by the book; it pointed out 
that the author's main design was to show that it was not for England's ad- 
vantage to have a little territory in Germany. 

Small octavo in half-sheets; published 23 April 1760 at sixpence by 

M, Cooper. 

Signatures: One leaf unsigned; A-B 4 ; one leaf unsigned. 
Pagination: [i] title-page; [2] blank; 3-19 text; [20] blank. 



Two Great Ladies. 


Printed for M. COOPER, in Pater-nofler-rowj 


T C * S I X - 1> E N C E.) 



HW's copy, rebound, is in the Library of King's College, Cambridge. I have 
examined only a copy acquired in 1897 by the New York Public Library; it is 
now bound in a volume of miscellaneous pamphlets. 


For description see SH Bibliography,, p. 50. 


For description see SH Bibliography, p. 50. 

Two errors in my record of copies may properly be corrected here. On p. 68, 
Copy 3 of the second edition was acquired by WSL at the Hartshorne Sale, 
30 October 1945, for $210. It is extra-illustrated and extensively annotated 
by Thomas Kirgate, and it includes the Additional Lives to complete [Vol. 2 of] 
the first Edition, as well as the cancelled Advertisement (1773) to Vol. 4, and 
other materials. The binding of this set (green morocco gilt, with joints, by 
C. Smith) is identical with that of Copy i; and it was certainly this set, not 
Copy i, that was sold at Christie's in 1892 for 48. On p. 66, Copy i of the first 
edition (at the Morgan Library) was described as containing MS notes by HW; 
Mr. Lewis is convinced that the notes are not by HW but merely copies in an- 
other hand. 

At the bottom of p. 65, the Catalogue of Engravers of 1794 had, on the original 
title-page, the imprint: Printed by J. Moore, for J. Caulfield, T. Coram, and 
G. Barrett; copies exist with a new title-page: Printed for Eglin and Pepys. (See 
Notes and Queries, 1862, 3d Series, 11.350.) On p. 66: Dallaway's edition of 1826- 
28, originally published at ten guineas, or fifteen guineas for sets on large paper 
with India proofs of the plates, was remaindered by Bohn after Major's bank- 
ruptcy for four and five guineas, respectively. Sets with proof plates were formerly 
much sought by collectors. 


DICATED. 1763. 

On 8 April 1763 Lord Bute resigned unexpectedly; there seems no doubt 
that his reasons were at least in part those attributed to him by the Opposition: 
the dissatisfaction of Pitt and other leaders with the peace treaty concluded on 
10 February 1763, and the violent popular and Parliamentary outcry against 
the new excise on cider forced through Parliament at the end of March. 

On 12 May 1763 Becket published Owen Ruffhead's anonymous pamphlet, 
Considerations on the present dangerous Crisis, of which a second edition was 
published 17 May and a third edition 2 June. The Monthly Review spoke 




To the Late 



From the Alperfions of aPAMPHLET, 





Printed for W. B AT H o E near Exeter-Change 
in the Strand. 



favorably of the work, not unexpectedly, since Ruffhead was a staff reviewer; 
and the London Chronicle and Gentleman's Magazine quoted long extracts 
from it. HW's copy (of the second edition) has no annotation beyond the date 
'May' on the title-page. 

When the reply to Ruffhead, The Opposition to the late Minister Vindi- 
cated, was published early in June, it was noticed somewhat condescendingly 
in the Monthly Review, but long extracts from it were quoted prominently in 
the Gentleman's Magazine for June. 

There seems enough evidence to suggest that this reply was written by HW. 

(1) John Almon, in his Biographical, Literary, and Political Anecdotes, pub- 
lished late in 1797 (i.45) asserts that HW wrote it 'in the autumn of 1763.' He is 
not exact about the time of year, but his evidence may be accurate in other 
respects. In 1763 Almon was busily engaged in writing political pamphlets, par- 
ticularly as a supporter of Wilkes; he compiled the History of the late Minority 
(1765), the Review of Mr. Pitt's Administration (November 1762), and (in April 
and May 1763) the Review of Lord Bute's Administration. It is not astonishing 
that Ruffhead wrote a violent condemnation of the last-named pamphlet for the 
Monthly Review in June; but Almon had access to much important informa- 
tion, and all these compilations contain many accurate facts along with minor 
errors. Furthermore, Almon published for HW in 1764 his Counter- Address to 
the Public (see the next entry in the Bibliography). Almon, therefore, was per- 
haps as likely as any man to know the authorship of anonymous pamphlets on 
the Whig side, and as publisher to HW the next year he might easily have 
learned about this particular one. I can see no incentive for him to falsify his 
evidence in 1797, just after HW's death, and despite his limitations he is suf- 
ficiently reliable to be a respectable witness. 

(2) In a note for Richard Bull (MS now in the Huntington Library), Thomas 
Kirgate listed three 'Pieces, by Horace Walpole Earl of Orford, not inserted 
in his Works/ The three are: Reflections on Cruelty, Tonson, 1759 [only the 
dedication is by HW, but Kirgate is correct in recording the item]; The Oppo- 
sition to the late Minister Vindicated, Bathoe, 1763; A Counter- Address to the 
Public, Almon, 1764 [Kirgate records the fourth edition]. Since the Counter- 
Address is printed in the Works of 1798, Kirgate's note is certainly earlier 
than that; since he does not say 'the late Horace Walpole/ the note is almost 
certainly earlier than March 1797, anc * more likely to be soon after December 
1791 when HW succeeded as Earl of Orford. The establishment of the date 
of the note is important, because Kirgate's evidence is thus proved to be inde- 
pendent, not derived from Almon's Biographical Anecdotes. Kirgate was right 
on the other two pamphlets, and from 1765 to 1797 he was in an excellent po- 
sition to learn about the Opposition Vindicated, either from his employer when 
they began printing his collected Works or from Bathoe before the latter's death 
in 1768. 

(3) Bibliographically, the evidence is slighter but confirmatory. So far as I 
know, this is the only political pamphlet published by Bathoe, in a period when 



certain booksellers were publishing dozens of them. But Bathoe had a working 
partnership with Graham who published HW's Letter from Xo Ho in 1757, as 
well as Whitworth's Russia in 1758 and the second edition of Royal and Noble 
Authors in 1759; he was the publisher of HW's Vertue Catalogues (Charles I, 
James II, Duke of Buckingham) in 1757-59, of the Anecdotes of Painting in 
1762-67, and of the Castle of Otranto in 1765. Thus Bathoe was HW's regular 
publisher (Dodsley handled the sales of the SH Lucan, and M. Cooper published 
the anonymous Dialogue between Two Great Ladies in 1760) from 1757 to 
1763, and in a letter to David Dalrymple, 31 January 1764, HW speaks of 'my 
publisher Bathoe/ In addition Bathoe was HW's agent in August 1763 in some 
dealings with the printer William Pratt (see HW's Journal of the Printing 
Office, 1923, p. 85; and the memorandum by HW on Montagu's letter of 27 
September 1763, printed in the Yale edition, ii.ios). And the Bathoe-Graham 
firm was HW's agent at Dr. Mead's sale (see HW to Bentley, 13 December 1754), 
and probably at many other auctions. For Bathoe, who published no other 
political pamphlets, to publish this one anonymously for his client HW seems 
very natural; and the secret of authorship could be considered safe with Bathoe. 
Of course HW was anxious not to be known as the author, inasmuch as Lord 
Bute, with whom he wanted to appear to be on good terms, was still in power. 

(4) The Opposition Vindicated was included uncritically as HW's in Bohn's 
revision of Lowndes, More importantly, it was accepted without question by 
A. T. Bartholomew, a careful bibliographer, in the Cambridge History of Eng- 
lish Literature (the bibliography for Chap. 17 of Vol. X), 1913. 

(5) Stylistically, the answer to his opponent point by point seems to me quite 
in the manner of the Counter-Address of 1764, as does the device of picking out 
particular words or phrases for emphasis. Mr. Lewis points out that the phrase 
'affectation of candour* is characteristically Walpolian. The essay seems also to 
have been written by somebody who knew the Parliamentary debates at first 
hand: Ruffhead had asserted that the Cider Tax passed the Commons without 
a division, and no ordinary reader of the newspapers could know the exact 
history of the debate; but the author of the Opposition Vindicated knows the 
details, for he writes: 'What shall we say to a writer [Ruffhead] of decency and 
apparent authority, who ventures to assert an absolute falsehood, which this 
gentleman does in saying that the bill passed through the House of Commons 
without a division. I would not in direct terms charge him with a falsehood if 
I could not appeal to every member of that honourable House, whether there 
were not at least six divisions upon it/ Clearly the writer of those sentences 
was a member, or he had exactly reliable first-hand information from a member. 

Furthermore, HW was seriously distressed by Lord Bute's high-handed re- 
distribution of patent-reversions. See his Memoirs of George III, 1845, 1.265: 
'The reversion of Auditor of the Imprest was obtained for his own son Lord 
Mount-Stewart. My place of Usher of the Exchequer was granted in reversion to 
Samuel Martin; and a place in the Custom-house, held by my brother, . . . was 
also granted in reversion to Jenkinson, I was, I confess, much provoked at this 



last grant, and took occasion of fomenting the ill-humour against the favourite, 
who thus excluded me from the possibility of obtaining the continuance of thai 
place to myself in case of my brother's death/ In a letter to Montagu, 14 April 
1763, HW details much the same facts. Such an attitude seems to me to fit the fol- 
lowing comment, near the end of the Opposition Vindicated: 'Some late pro- 
ceedings impress no very high idea of their ability, and certain pensions and 
reversionary patents which have been talked of in this dawn of their adminis- 
tration, and have not been absolutely denied, render their disinterestedness 
very doubtful/ 

Indeed, HW's phrase just quoted from his Memoirs, 'I was, I confess, much 
provoked at this last grant, and took occasion of fomenting the ill-humour against 
the favourite/ seems most easily explicable if he wrote anonymously to the 
newspapers or if he wrote anonymously just such a pamphlet as the Opposition 

(6) It is proper to consider the evidence against HW's authorship. The Op- 
position Vindicated is not in the Works of 1798; but neither are the Letters tc 
the Whigs and his other inflammatory writings of 1748. It is not mentioned in 
'Short Notes'; but neither is the Description of SH, 1774. There are, I think, nc 
references in extant letters that could fit this pamphlet. But he was extremely 
anxious to be undetected, just as he was in 1773 when he was careful to make 
it appear in all his letters that he did not know Mason to be the author of the 
Heroic Epistle. (On his own copy of the Heroic Epistle, now Harvard, HW wrote 
the month of publication but not the author's name.) 

The copy of the Opposition Vindicated at Columbia is inscribed: 'Nic. Bonfoy, 
An Excellent Pamphlet. By Dr. B-tl-r/ But I think Bonfoy, not notable as a 
bibliographer, confused HW's tract with one of similar title by John Butler 
Bishop of Hereford: Serious considerations on the measures of the present ad- 
ministration, 1763. Dr. Butler's tract was published by Kearsley, and I think 
perhaps Bonfoy merely confused the gossip he had heard about that with the 
anonymous tract he had bought. 

It would be pleasant to find that HW owned a copy, with his authorship es- 
tablished by a MS note. But he seems to have owned no copy, at least not in the 
collection of tracts in which he preserved Ruffhead's pamphlet. Yet I do noi 
know that his failure to own a copy is a serious objection. He must have known 
about the book, since it was prominently displayed in the Gentleman's Maga 
zine and since his agent Bathoe was the publisher. If he kept a copy at all, it was 
in some unidentified volume of tracts; if he intentionally kept no copy, his action 
would not be wholly inexplicable in an author who was anxious to remain 
genuinely anonymous. HW was anxious to remain on superficially friendl) 
terms with Lord Bute, and he could not have hoped to do so, had the slightest 
rumor been circulated that he was the author of this attack. 

Some conclusive evidence of HW's authorship may appear at any time. For the 
present, if my interpretation of the available evidence is correct, the Opposition 
Vindicated will have to be counted as 'probably by HW/ 



Octavo; published early in June 1763 by Bathoe, at i/-. 
Signatures: A-C 8 (C 8 blank). 

Pagination: [i] half-title; [2] blank; [3] title-page; [4] blank; [53-45 
text; [46-48] blank. 


It is difficult to tell how rare the book is, since it has never been sought after. 
There is no copy at Farmington, but there are copies at Chicago and Columbia, 
two at the British Museum, and three at Yale. 


'Short Notes': '29 May 1764. Began an answer to a pamphlet against Mr. Con- 
way, called An Address to the Public on the late Dismission of a General Officer. 
My answer was finished June i2th, but not published till August 2nd, under the 
title of A Counter- Address to the Public, &c.' 

The Address to the Public, to which HW replied, was by William Guthrie. In 
September Guthrie published his own reply to HW, under the title, A Reply to 
the Counter-Address. HW's copy of Guthrie's Address, with one MS note, is 
bound in his Collection of Tracts, just before his own pamphlet. 

Octavo in half-sheets; published % August, at one shilling, by J. Almon. 

It was advertised as also 'sold by J. Williams/ one of the publishers 

of the North Briton. 
Signatures: A, C G 4 . 
Pagination: [i] title-page; [2] blank; [s]-47 text; [48] advertisements. 


Four editions were published in rapid succession, from standing 
type, all on the same kind of paper. The first edition was published 2 
August, and the second 9 August, without change. In the third 
edition, advertised as published 1 6 August, the sequence of signatures 
was normalized (A~F 4 ) and two small corrections were made in the 
text ('Action' to 'Act* on p. 7, and 'Officer' to 'Author' on p. 13). The 
fourth edition was published i September, without change. 

The pamphlet was reprinted in the first volume of Almon's Col- 
lection of scarce and interesting tracts, 1787; and in the second volume 
of HW's Works, 1798. Extracts from it were included in a sketch of 
Conway's career in the Public Advertiser, 3 April 1782. 







O F A 


Henri voit pres des Rois leurs infolens miaiftres : 
II remarque fur tout ces confeillers ilniftres, 
Qui des moeurs & des loix avares corrupteurs, 
Be Themis & de Mars ont vendu les honneurs : 
Qui mirent les premiers a d'indignes encheres, 
L'ineftimable prix-des vcrtus de nos peres. 

HENRIADE, Chant, vii. 


Printed for J. A L M o N% oppofite Burlington- Hoaf* in 
Piccadilly* 1764. 

[Price One Shilling.] 



i. HW's copy, with the title-page inscribed 'By Mr. Horace Walpole' and 
dated August sd, is in his Collection of Tracts of George III, Volume 8, now WSL. 
The collection is recorded in the SH Bibliography, p. 255. The pages of this 
copy contain a few corrections and annotations. 


HW told William Cole, in his letter of 9 March 1765, that he began his story, 
under the inspiration of a dream, at the beginning of June, 1764. 

'Short Notes': 'June [1764], I began The Castle of Otranto, a Gothic story, 
and finished it August 6th. . . . December 24, The Castle of Otranto was 
published; 500 copies. . . . April 11, 1765. The second edition of The Castle of 
Otranto; 500 copies/ 

Although the first edition was published a week before the end of the year, 
all copies are dated 1765. 

The assertion on the title-page that the story was written by Onuphrio Muralto 
is properly recorded as a literary hoax, not a forgery, since HW admitted his 
authorship as soon as the book succeeded. His disingenuous preface to the first 
edition, in which he asserted that he, William Marshall, was translating from a 
rare Italian volume printed in 1529, was perhaps planned as a shield against the 
scoffing and scornful, and it has done the world little harm. (See HW to William 
Cole, 28 February 1765: '. . . a little story-book, which I published some time 
ago, though not boldly with my own name; but it has succeeded so well, that I 
do not any longer entirely keep the secret/ Many years earlier, 3 November 1746, 
he had written Montagu about his Epilogue to Tamerlane, saying: 1 have kept 
secret whose it is/) 

Octavo; published 24 December 1764 by T. Lownds at g/ ; the copies 
I have examined have been trimmed by the binder. 

Signatures: A 4 ; B-N 8 ; O 4 . 

Pagination: [i] title-page; [ii] blank; [iii]-viii The Translator's Pref- 
ace; [i]-sootext. 


1. HW's copy, calf, with his arms on sides; SH Sale, iv.i66, to Thorpe, 3.10.0 
(with second edition); Sotheby's, 27 March 1857 (Utterson Sale), lot 1697, to 
Nattali, 4. 

2. William Cole's copy, with his bookplate and with his name on title-page 
(reproduced in Yale Edition of HW's Correspondence, 1.85); Cole has corrected 
a few errors and transcribed on the fly-leaf some extracts from HW's letters to 
him and George Birch's commendatory verses; in 1774 Cole added a note about 
the dedicatory verses to Lady Mary Coke which HW had printed in the second 
edition. Inscribed on fly-leaf: 'Hester Barnardiston. This book was a present from 




Tranflated by 



From the Original ITAX.IAN of 

CANON of the Church of St. NICHOLAS 



Printed for TH<. LOWNDS in Fleet-Street* 


the Revd. Mr. Cole of Milton who received it from the author. 1777.' (Cole's 
friend, John Barnardiston [d. 1778], was Master of Corpus Christi College; his 
wife died in 1770, and this Hester is probably their only child.) Rebound in 
modern blue morocco by Riviere and Son. Maggs, May 1925, to WSL, 16. 

3. Richard Bull's copy, with his bookplate and inscription; rebound by Bull in 
red morocco; water-color of the Castle, copied from one made in Italy in 1785 
by Reveley, mounted by Bull on fly-leaf. Sotheby's, 27 June 1894 (Julia Swin- 
burne Sale), lot 4, to Walford, 8/-; Scribner's, December 1937, to WSL, $250. 

4. Charles Bedford's copy, red morocco, with his cipher on spine and his 
bookplate. Sotheby's, 12 April 1938 (Miscellaneous Sale), lot 300, to Scribner's, 



The Castle of Otranto is perhaps more interesting in some of its later editions 
than in the first edition. In the total number of editions the book has displayed 
a rather astonishing vitality; I have included here the date and any identifying 
features of the uninteresting editions, pausing for more complete collation of 
Bodoni's edition of 1791 and the Italian translation printed at London in 1795. 
The list after 1800 is certainly not complete, but I include such editions as have 
come to my attention. It was also included in HW's Works. 

An abridgment, published serially in the Universal Magazine for 
1765, seems to have no distinction other than its prompt appearance. 

Dublin, 1 765. Printed for Elizabeth Watts; duodecimo. This edition 
was reprinted from the text of the first London edition. 

Dublin, 1765. Printed for J. Hoey [etc.]; duodecimo in half-sheets. 
This was also reprinted from the text of the first London edition, but 
two typographical errors were corrected. 

Second edition, London, 1765. 'Printed for William Bathoe and 
Thomas Lownds'; octavo. This edition is a page-for-page reprint of the 
first edition, but typographical errors are corrected and HW added a 
Sonnet to Lady Mary Coke and a long Preface to the Second Edition 
in which he acknowledged his authorship of the book. It collates A-N 8 ; 
O*. In the new Preface, the name of Guildenstern's double is mis- 
printed 'Rosencraus,' an error that persisted through half a dozen 
editions. HW's attack on Voltaire in this Preface was not necessary, 
but I have little doubt that he enjoyed writing it; his several comments 
quoted herewith indicate that he had no desire to stir up a quarrel 
with Voltaire: 

'Paris Journals': *ji October 1765. Mme. du Deffand desired me to lend him 
[Florian] The Castle of Otranto to translate; I did not care it should be trans- 



lated; besides, the preface to second edition is writ against his uncle Voltaire. 
I said I would lend it him if he would not translate it, and determined to show 
only first edition/ (Correspondence with Madame du Deffand, Yale ed., 1939, 

'Short Notes': '20 June 1768. Received a letter from Voltaire desiring my His- 
toric Doubts. I sent them, and The Castle of Otranto, that he might see the 
preface of which I told him. . . . ' 

HW to Voltaire, 21 June 1768: 'Some time ago I took the liberty to find fault 
in print with the criticisms you had made on our Shakespeare. ... It was in a 
preface to a trifling romance, much unworthy of your regard, but which I shall 
send you. ... I might retract, I might beg your pardon; but having said nothing 
but what I thought, ... it would be treating you with ingratitude and im- 
pertinence, to suppose that you would either be offended with my remarks, or 
pleased with my recantation.' 

Lord Dacre's copy o the second edition (now WSL) and a presenta- 
tion copy from HW to Thomas Percy (now Yale) have the title-page 
and preface to the first edition bound in after the new preface, an in- 
teresting way of showing HW's two attitudes toward the book. Percy 
wrote an inscription in his copy, on the verso of the title-page to the 
first edition, and dated it 15 March 1765: possibly he wrote in error 
for 15 April, although advance copies of the second edition may have 
been ready well before the date of publication, 1 1 April; or perhaps it 
is more likely that HW gave Percy the first edition in March (he gave 
Cole a copy early in March), that Percy then inscribed it, and later 
saved only the preliminaries to put with a copy of the corrected second 

HW's copy of the second edition, bound in calf with his arms on sides, with 
drawings and engravings inserted and a long MS note by HW, was sold at the 
SH Sale, iv.i66, with the first edition. It was acquired by E. V. Utterson, and 
was sold at Sotheby's, 27 March 1857 (Utterson Sale), lot 1698, to Leyton, 7.17.6; 
it reappeared at Sotheby's in 1870 (Corser Sale), lot 944, and was sold to Boone, 

Third edition, London, 1766. Printed for William Bathoe; octavo. 
In this edition, both prefaces were included, as they were generally in 
succeeding editions. After Bathoe's death in 1768, the sheets of this 
edition were taken over by John Murray and reissued with a cancel 
title-page marked 'Third edition' and dated 1769. It was one of the 
first books published by Murray. 

French translation by Marc Antoine Eidous, Amsterdam and Paris, 



1767; two volumes, duodecimo. This appears to be the first edition 
with HW's name on the title-page. HW recorded it in 'Short Notes': 
'March 1767. A bad translation of The Castle of Otranto into French 
was published at Paris this month/ 

HW's copy was listed in SH Sale,, but it is not clearly indicated in the 
recataloguing for the London Sale in June, 1843; it was offered in T. Thorpe's 
General Cat., 1845, Part II, lot 5132, 5/-. 

Fourth edition, London, 1782?. Printed for James Dodsley; octavo. 
A page-for-page reprint of the third edition. 

HW's copy, with his signature and bookplate, bound with a presentation copy 
of Jephson's Count of Narbonne, Dublin 1782, was bought at George Daniel's 
Sale in 1864 by Harvey, 1.15.0. It was owned in 1936 by Mrs. Scott-Murray of 
Heckfield. It is not certainly identifiable in the SH Sale. 

Fifth edition, London, Dodsley, 1786. Octavo. 

Sixth edition, London, Dodsley, 1791. Octavo. This reprint of the 
fifth edition is sometimes referred to as the edition on small paper, to 
differentiate it from Bodoni's handsome edition next described. 

Sixth edition, Panna, 1791. Printed by Bodoni for James Edwards 
of London; quarto. This edition is enough of a collector's item to 
justify a detailed description. The project was conceived and paid for 
by Edwards, with HW's approval. 

Extracts of the Journals and Correspondence of Miss Berry, ed. Lady Theresa 
Lewis, 1865, 1,242: *8 November 1790. ... At the printing-office [Bodoni's in 
Parma] they go on very slowly, but their work is excellent: they had just finished 
an impression of three hundred copies of the Castle of Otranto > for Edwards the 
bookseller in London, and five copies upon vellum. With the director (Bodoni), 
who seems to be a clever man and fond of his art, I had a good deal of conver- 
sation in a bookseller's shop/ 

HW to Agnes Berry, 28 November 1790: 'I am sorry the bookseller [i.e., 
Bodoni] would not let you have an Otranto. Edwards told me, above two months 
ago, that he every day expected the whole impression; and he has never men- 
tioned it waiting for my corrections. I will make Kirgate write to him/ 

HW to Mary Berry, 20 December 1790: 'I am glad you did not get a Parmesan 
Otranto. A copy is come so full of faults, that it is not fit to be sold here/ The 
bibliographical evidence presented below makes it clear that HW ordered such 
extensive corrections, that the publication was delayed to enable Bodoni to pre- 
pare cancels. 

James Edwards to HW, 21 October 1791: 'The Castle of Otranto is at length 



arrived, and I have sent you the first we have yet got done up as soon as they 
are bound I will do myself the honor to wait upon you with a few others/ 

Quarto; an uncut copy measures approximately 25.5 x 17.5 cm. 

Signatures: Four leaves unsigned (first blank); 1-4*; a-hh 4 (hh 4 blank). 

Pagination: One blank leaf; half-title, with verso blank; title-page, 
with motto on verso; George Birch's verses, with verso blank; [i]-xi 
Preface to first edition; [xii] blank; xiii Sonnet to Lady Mary Coke; 
[xiv] blank; xv- xxxii Preface to second edition; [i]-245 text; 
[246-248] blank, 

Cancels: a 2 , b 4 , c s , d , d 4 , e ly f 3 , h 3 , m s , n 2 , y 2 , z 2 . In addition, the title-page 
is a cancel, and the first sheet of the Preface and the last two sheets 
of the text are reprinted on the same paper as that used for the 
cancels. Because the title-page is a cancel, the conjugate half-title is 
rather frequently missing in bound copies. 


The uncancelled leaves are preserved in the Huntington Library's 
copy on vellum (and no doubt in any other copies that preserve the 
earlier title-page dated 1790). It is clear that HW must have read the 
text in December 1790 with some care: each cancel corrects one or 
more typographical errors caused by the printer's lack of familiarity 
with English. Many awkward divisions of words ('sou-/ght' and 
*so-/me' on p. 33, for example) are corrected, and glaring mis- 
prints like loked' for 'locked' on p. 25. As might be expected, the 
printer introduced a number of new errors when he reset the type for 
the cancels; and it is hardly necessary to add that similar errors can be 
found uncorrected on other, uncancelled leaves. 

Since some other pages near the end, although not cancels in any 
copy, have a different setting of type in the Huntington copy, it seems 
possible that the copies on vellum were printed first and some changes 
were then made before any copy was sent to England. 

Lowndes, who describes the Parma edition as octavo, records some 
copies on large paper, and various copies have been so described in 
auction catalogues ever since the Roxburghe Sale in 1812. It is true 
that the Parma edition is occasionally described by booksellers as 
large paper merely to differentiate it from Dodsley's octavo of 1791 
listed above; but to describe a copy as the large-paper issue of the 







B Y 














B T 













Parma edition is certainly an error. Miss Berry speaks precisely of an 
edition of three hundred copies and five on vellum, with no reference 
to any on large paper. All copies I have seen are on the same Italian 
paper, printed in quarto although the dimensions resemble those of 
an English royal octavo. It is therefore easy to look at a single copy, note 
that it is apparently a royal octavo, and believe that it is one of the 
large-paper copies recorded by Lowndes: I have notes of several 
copies described as royal or imperial octavo, large paper. But even 
H W's copy, though it has been described as large paper, is no different 
from the others; and whenever I have been able to trace the prove- 
nance, all copies, whether or not described as large paper, have coa- 
lesced into the single issue. 

In his bibliography of the Bodoni Press in 1927, Mr. H. C. Brooks 
says that some copies were printed on papier d 3 Annonay. And at first 
glance this statement would seem to be supported by a copy sold at 
Hodgson's, 5 December 1930, lot 490, which was described (with a 
reference to Brooks) as printed on Annonay paper, boards, uncut.* I 
cannot assert with any conviction that no copies were printed on papier 
d' Annonay, for Bodoni's normal practice was to print some copies on 
a finer paper; but Miss Berry in November 1790 and De Larna in his 
bibliography of Bodoni in 1816 refer only to the copies on vellum as 
special copies, and all copies on paper that I have been able to examine 
are on the same good Italian laid paper. Only when the copy sold at 
Hodgson's in 1930 has been found can the uncertainty be resolved. 


The frontispiece and plates were prepared afterwards in London, 
but they are bound in with enough regularity to deserve description 

* The phrase papier d' Annonay has at various times been used to apply both to any 
wove paper and to marbled paper, because both sorts were first made in France at the 
mills of Johannot and Montgolfier in Annonay; wove paper was first made in France 
in 1779. Bodoni used the phrase to mean wove paper made in Annonay. 

Another possible source of confusion is the French tendency to describe any fine 
grade of wove paper as papier vdlin, which in English translation can easily be confused 
with vellum. Finally, the bluish paper that Bodoni liked to use was first developed at 
Annonay. But it seems clear that Be Lama in his bibliography of Bodoni lists copies on 
papier d' Annonay to mean wove paper manufactured at the mills in Annonay. 

Longman's Catalogue of June 1813 may be taken to support the belief in a few 
copies on papier d'Annonay: a copy of the Castle of Qtranto, 1791, is described as 
'imperial octavo, russia, gilt, on fine vellum paper.' But I cannot trace that copy. 


even if they are not properly part of the collation of the volume as pre- 
pared by Bodoni. 

In March 1785 Reveley made a drawing of the castle of Otranto in 
Italy, and Lady Craven sent it to HW in November 1786. (Richard 
Bull inserted a water-color copy in his Description of SH, now WSL, 
and another smaller copy in his Castle of Otranto, now WSL.) The 
frontispiece was engraved from Reveley's drawing and printed, pre- 
sumably in 1791 in London, on Whatman paper: it exists in three 
states, two or more of which are frequently found together in copies 
of the book. 

A. Plain foreground, no clouds, no lettering. 

B. Two figures in foreground, clouds, engraver's name (Barlow). 
This is actually a new plate, not merely state A with added detail. 

C. Like state B, but with lettering below. 

Six plates illustrative of the Castle of Otranto were published by E. 
and S. Harding in July 1793 to accompany either the Bodoni or the 
small octavo edition; they were drawn by 'a lady' (Miss Anne Meli- 
cent Clarke) and engraved by Birrell. The plates were of course not 
issued with any copies sold before July 1793, but a good many pur- 
chasers of the book after that date seem to have had the plates bound 
in. These engravings are better known from their use, with new letter- 
ing, in Sivrac's Italian translation in 1795, for which they are usually 
said to have been prepared; they were then issued again in Jeffery's 
editions of 1796 and 1800. 


Although Miss Berry says that only five copies were printed on vellum, De 
Lama says specifically in his bibliography of Bodoni that six were printed on 
vellum, four of which were sent to London. At least four of these six can be 

1. The copy formerly owned by Marshal Junot, Due d'Abrantes; citron mo- 
rocco; listed in his Catalogue, lot 295. This copy has the original title-page, 
'Printed with Bodoni's characters, 1790,' and the uncorrected text throughout. 
It was sold in the Junot Sale at Evans's in 1816 for 9.9.0; Sotheby's, 3 August 
1867 (George Smith Sale), lot 7954; Sotheby's 12 April 1902 (E. G. Hibbert Sale), 
lot 882, to B. F. Stevens, 190; Anderson Galleries, 19 January 1912 (Hoe Sale, 
Part 2), lot 3419, |6o; now in the Huntington Library. 

2. Bound in blue morocco, with a drawing on title-page; without the frontis- 
piece. Evans, 5 April 1815 (James Edwards Sale), lot 165, to the Duke of Devon- 
shire, 29.8.0; in 1944 still in the library at Chatsworth. 


3. Bound in blue morocco, with the plates printed on satin. Offered for 
16.16.0 in Edwards's Catalogue for 1794, lot 2306. Probably this was the George 
Galwey Mills copy sold by Jeffery, 24 February 1800, lot 181; and it may have 
been the same copy that was offered at Christie's, 25 April 1804, lot 254. But this 
copy seems to be unrecorded since 1804, unless it is copy 4. 

4. Eton College (in the Storer Collection). 

5. The Golowkin-Galitzin copy; lot 128 in the Galitzin Sale, 1825, 249 francs. 
It is recorded in the Supplement to the Catalogue de la bibliotheque du roi . . . 
sur velin, 1828, p. 115; it is still presumed to be in the Bibliotheque Nationale. 


1. Inscribed by HW: 'Lord Orford begs Mrs. Dickenson's acceptance of this 
Parmesan Edn. of his Castle of Otranto, May gth, 1792.' This copy had the 
original title-page, 'Printed with Bodoni's characters, 1790.' Mrs. Dickenson is 
undoubtedly Mrs. Mary (Hamilton) Dickenson, 1756-1816; one is tempted to 
think this copy may have been the uncorrected copy that HW read in December 
1790. Bound in calf; Sotheby's, 9 April 1935 (Miscellaneous Sale), lot 350, to 
Maggs, 13. 

2. HW's copy, with frontispiece in states A and B; final blank leaf wanting; 
four drawings by Bertie Greathead and two portraits inserted; also a letter by 
HW (in Kirgate's hand save for signature; the original was in the Waller Sale 
in 1921) and one by Edwards; bookplate of Lord Orford on half-title, of the 
Earl of Cromer and of Robert Hoe inside cover. Probably SH Sale, vii.76 (Lon- 
don Sale, 1030), to Payne and Foss, 1.1 1.6 (with the Italian translation of 1795); 
rebound for Lord Gosford in red morocco with his crest on sides, by C. Lewis. 
Puttick and Simpson, i May 1884 (Gosford Sale), lot 3071, to Harvey, 7; 
Christie's, i April 1897 (Reginald Cholmondeley Sale), lot 114, to Quaritch, 
11.5.0; thence to John W. Ford, who owned this copy in 1905. Sotheby's, 21 
May 1909 (Miscellaneous Sale), lot 362, to B. F. Stevens, 15.5.0; Anderson Gal- 
leries, 19 January 1912 (Hoe Sale, Part 2), lot 3420, $60; Sotheby's, 10 December 
1913 (Library of an American Amateur, i.e., Hoe), lot 173, to Edwards, 7; 
thence apparently to the Earl of Cromer; Edwards, March 1937, to WSL, 20. 
A copy of the Bodoni edition in the Carysfort Library (Major R. G. Proby, Elton 
Hall, Peterborough) preserves copies of the Greathead drawings and a copy of 
HW's letter. 

3. Bound in tree calf, rebacked with purple morocco; bookplates of Lord Al- 
denham and of E. V. Utterson; four watercolors by Wright; frontispiece in state 
C; preliminary blank leaf wanting. Sotheby's, 20 March 1857 (Utterson Sale), 
lot 1702, 2; Sotheby's, 24 May 1886 (Addington Sale), lot 627, to Ellis, 3.3.0. 
Listed in Lord Aldenham's Catalogue, 1888, p. 192; Sotheby's, 12 June 1933 
(Aldenham Sale), lot 483, to Maggs, 4.4.0; Maggs, August 1933, to WSL, 8.8.0. 

4. Contemporary red morocco, inscribed on fly-leaf: 'G. Birch, a present from 
the noble author, Horace Walpole, Earl of Orford, 1792,' and one correction in 
MS in the text of Birch's poem. This commendatory poem, published in St. 


James's Chronicle of 20 June 1765, was first reprinted with the Castle of Otranto 
in this edition. Frontispiece in state C. Sold by Brentano's, October 1939, to 
WSL, $37.50. 

5. Bound in white vellum, with Etruscan border on blue ground, attributed 
to Edwards of Halifax; frontispiece in states A and C; now at Yale. 

6. Bound in vellum, gilt back, uncut; bookplates of the Earl of Orford of 
Mannington Hall and of Francis A. Gaskill. Sotheby's, 11 June 1895 (Orford 
Sale), lot 326, to Harvey, 2.8.0; re-offered in Orford Sale, 14 March 1902; 
offered in an English bookseller's catalogue (I have seen only a clipping, with 
no date or name) for i8/-; now at the Newberry Library. 

7. Contemporary mosaic morocco, in the style of continental bindings of 
about 1730; frontispiece in state B. Dealers' labels of W. Robinson, Liverpool, 
and Menno Hertzberger, Amsterdam. International Antiquariaat, Amsterdam, 
April 1933, to WSL, 112.5 guilders. A copy in a similar binding, with the Birrell 
plates on India paper mounted on heavier paper and colored, was sold at the 
American Art Association in 1925; Maggs Brothers offered in 1931-34 what 
appears to have been the same copy. Mr. G, D. Hobson of Sotheby's, who has 
studied these bindings with care, suggests to me that such copies were prepared 
for the luxury trade on James Edwards's order; Mr. Hobson has records of a 
number of other books published by Edwards or his associates and similarly 

'Anew edition. London: Printed in the year 1793.' Printed in i amo, 
in half-sheets; the text has 200 pages. 

'A new edition. London: Printed for Wenman and Hodgson, No. 
144, Fleet-Street, 1793.' Printed in i8mo. in sixes; the text has 157 

'Last edition adorned with cuts.' Berlin: Himbourg, 1 794. Engraved 
title-page and four plates by J. W. Meil. Octavo; the text has i 52 pages. 


1. Green morocco, gilt edges; the author's own copy, with engraving of his 
seal; illustrations by Meil. Sotheby's, 28 November 1883 (Beckford Sale, Part 3), 
lot 351, to Quaritch, 3.10.0. 

2. Contemporary blue boards, with plates bound at end; bookstamp of 
Schlossbibliothek, Dessau. Edgar Wells, October 1931, to WSL, $7.50. 

In 1794 the Castle of Otranto was reprinted, with large omissions, 
in The New Wonderful Magazine, and Marvellous Chronicle (Vol. 4), 
pp. 117-140. 

Italian translation by George Sivrac, London, 1795. For this edition 
the six Harding plates of 1793, engraved by Birrell from drawings by 
Anne Melicent Clarke and often bound in copies of the Parma edition 


(see above), were relettered in Italian. The frontispiece was engraved 
by Thomas Medland from a drawing by Joino. 

Signatures: Four leaves unsigned; b 2 ; B-Q 8 ; R 7 . 

Pagination: [i] half-title; [ii] blank; [iii] title-page; [iv] blank; [v] Dedi- 
cation to HW; [vi] blank; [vii]-x editor's preface; [xi] Indice'; [xii] 
blank; [i]-253 text; [254] errata. 

Cancel: Leaf B 6 , which seems to be a cancel in all copies, may have been 
printed as R 8 . 


On page viii a footnote has been added in many copies to identify the 
English editor of the Parma edition, Edwards; but the earlier state 
without the footnote is not rare. To make room for the footnote, one 
line was shifted to the bottom of page vii. 

This edition was printed on three kinds of paper and on vellum, to 
produce four issues: 

( i ) on ordinary thin wove paper, watermarked clearly 1 794 in block 

(s) on papier velin, a heavier, smooth-surfaced wove paper water- 
marked E 8c P [i.e., Edmeads and Pine]. 

(3) on papier velin both larger and thicker, royal octavo, water- 
marked dimly 1 794 in the corner of the sheet. 

(4) on vellum. 


1. Rebound in modern panelled calf, gilt, by Riviere; half-title wanting. 
Original sepia drawing by Joino for the frontispiece inserted. S. Baker of Paris, 
November 1937, to WSL, $27. 

2. Contemporary mottled calf; on papier velin. Name on fly-leaf: Anne Meli- 
cent Clarke. (Miss Clarke, from whose drawings the plates were made, was the 
daughter of Charles Clarke and Anne Radcliffe, and niece of Sir Charles Far- 
naby-Radcliffe, Bart. In 1802 she married E, H. Delm<.) Gift of Lewis Buddy, 
III, to WSL, November 1929. 

3. Red morocco by Hering; on papier velin. Pasted in is a slip with note by 
HW: 'Miss Clark, niece of Sir Charles Ratcliffe, made the drawings for the 
prints to the Castle of Otranto.' Bookplate of HW. SH Sale, vii.76 (London Sale, 
1030), to Payne and Foss, 1.11.6; probably the copy offered by Payne and Foss, 
Catalogue of Spanish and Italian Books, 1845, lot 788, 2.2.0; offered for i8/- 
in a clipping from an unidentified catalogue; American Art-Anderson, 14 Oc- 
tober 1931 (Miscellaneous Sale), lot 201, $12. 



4. On large paper, contemporary tree calf, gilt; label of Kerr and Richardson, 
Glasgow. Plates bound together at end. Gift of Edward L. McAdam, Jr., to 
A. T. Hazen. 

5. A copy printed on vellum is, or at least was, in the Bibliotheque Nationale. 
Either the same or another copy was sold for 79 francs in the MacCarthy Sale. 

Jeffery's edition; octavo. Printed by Cooper and Graham, 1796. 
This edition includes the frontispiece and plates of Sivrac's edition; 
but they are so handsomely colored with ornamental borders that the 
lettering is obscured. The text is printed on Whatman wove paper 
watermarked 1794; leaves G 4 and G 5 , the two inner leaves of the 
gathering, seem to be a cancel quarter-sheet. 


All copies I have seen printed on paper are on the same paper; the 
title-page reads: Trice one pound seven shillings in boards, with 
coloured plates and borders/ A few copies were printed on vellum, 
with the same statement of price on the title-page. It seems unlikely 
that copies on vellum were sold at that price. 

In 1797 Jeffery reissued his edition with a cancel title-page; the 
plates are not colored. The title-page reads: Trice half a guinea in 


1. Red morocco; note on fly-leaf by George Daniel: 'Beckford's copy, from 
the Fonthill Library/ Sotheby's, 27 July 1864 (Daniel Sale), lot 1727, to Rye, 
2.5.0. Now WSL. 

2. Blue morocco, with water-color flowers painted as borders to the plates by 
the Misses Berry. Sotheby's, 27 July 1864 (Daniel Sale), lot 1728, to Boone, 
1.13.0; owned in 1936 by Mrs. Scott-Murray, Heckfield Place. 

3. Printed on vellum. Copies are in the Bibliotheque Nationale (it cost 59 
francs in the Galitzin Sale in 1825), British Museum, and John Rylands Library. 
A fourth vellum copy, bound in russia, with colored plates printed on satin, was 
sold at Christie's, 30 April 1917, for 2.15.0. 

French translation: Isabelle et Theodore; histoire traduite de 
V anglais d' Horace Walpole. Paris, Lepetit, 1797. Two volumes, iGmo. 

Jeffery's second edition; octavo and quarto. Printed by Blackader, 
1 800. The octavo edition is printed on paper watermarked C & S 1 798; 
the quarto is watermarked 1794; both issues are printed from the same 
type, with altered imposition. Although the collation of the octavo 


edition by signatures is the same as the edition of 1796, the type has 
all been reset. Although the plates do not have colored borders, the 
notice is kept on the title-page of the octavo, undoubtedly copied in 
error from the edition of 1796. 


Cooke's pocket edition, 1800. There were various issues of this edition, both 
before and after 1800. 

London, 1801; 12 mo. 

New York: The Shakespeare Gallery, 1801. 

Harrison's edition, London, 1803; small octavo; issued in weekly parts. 

London: Printed for T. Hughes by T. Plummer, 1804. An abridgment of 
36 pp., ismo. 

London: Printed by J. Wright, for Vernor and Hood, 1804; 179 pp.; i6mo in 

London, 1808; with Clara Reeve's Old English Baron; i6mo. 

London: Printed by W. Wilson, for Vernor, Hood, and Sharpe, 1809; J 9^ PP-5 

In Vol. 22 of Mrs. Barbauld's 'British Novelists/ 1810; reprinted in 1820. 

Edinburgh, Ballantyne, 1811; introduction by Sir Walter Scott; quarto. In a 
copy at Harvard the introduction has extensive revisions in Scott's hand. 

London, 1811; with Clara Reeve's Old English Baron; i2mo. 

London, A. K. Newman, 1815. 

London, Thomas Kelly, 1817. Also issued in Kelly's 'Select Novels/ 

In Ballantyne's 'Novelists Library'; octavo; 1823. 

London, Hurst, 1823; in Novels of Sterne [etc.] 

C. Whittingham, Chiswick Press, for T. Tegg [etc.]; 1823; i6mo. 

London, J. Limbird, 1824; * n Limbird's 'British Novelist/ Re-issued in 1825. 

London, Baynes and Son, 1825; with Old English Baron. Other editions pub- 
lished with the Old English Baron are dated by the British Museum [1830?] and 

London, Jones and Co., 1825; 'University edition/ 

London, Bentley, 1834; with Vathek and The Bravo of Venice. Re-issued in 

Hartford, Conn., published serially in The Scrap Book, 1835-6. 

In Farmington there is a series of playbills for Covent Garden, December 
1840 to February 1841, when a Christmas pantomime called The Castle of 
Otranto was performed nearly fifty times. Also at Farmington is a somewhat 
earlier playbill for 'A grand romantic extravaganza, founded on The Castle of 

London, Joseph Thomas, 1840. With memoir of the author by G. M. B. 

Philadelphia, 1840. 

In 'Clarke's Home Library/ [1844]. 



In Bohn's Classic Tales, with nine other novels; 1852. Re-issued in 1860 and 
in 1882. 

Philadelphia, 1854. 

London, Ward and Lock, 1856; in one volume with Lewis's Bravo of Venice. 

Edinburgh, 1858. 

London, [1872]; with Old English Baron. These two novels were variously 
issued without date both in London and New York. 

London, J. C, Nimmo and Bain, 1883; with Old English Baron. 

London, 1886; edited by Henry Morley, in Cassell's 'National Library.' Re- 
issued in New York and in Leipzig. 

New York, 1886; in Munro's 'Seaside Library.' 

New York, J. B. Alden, 1889. 

London, 1906; in 'The York Library'; re-issued in 1923. 

London, Chatto and Windus, 1907; with Scott's Memoir and a Preface by 
Caroline F. E. Spurgeon, in 'The King's Classics/ Re-issued many times in Lon- 
don, Boston, and New York; in 1907, 1923, [1925?], 1926, 1929, 1930. 

London, Constable, 1924; with Mysterious Mother; edited by Montague 
Summers. Reproductions of the plates from Jeffery's edition of 1796, and a use- 
ful but not wholly accurate bibliography of the early editions of The Castle of 

London, Scholartis Press, 1929; edited with an introductory essay by Oswald 

In numerous recent textbook anthologies of short novels: Everyman's Library, 
1930; Scribner's, 1931; Kronenberger's Eighteenth Century Miscellany, 1936; 
Beaty's Short Novel, 1940. 

A new translation into French by Dominique Corticchiato was published by 
his father, Jose* Corti, at Dijon in 1943. The translator was only seventeen when 
he completed his work in 1941; he was sent to a labor camp during the German 
occupation and was not seen again. 


'Short Notes': '28, 29 June 1766. Wrote an Account of the Giants lately dis- 
covered. It was published 25 August following.' 

HW to Cole, i February 1768: 'I have sent you no Patagonians, for they are 
out of print, I have only my own copy and could not get another. Pray tell me 
how or what you heard of it, and tell me sincerely, for I did not know it had 
made any noise/ Cole's reply, 16 February 1768, names two friends who have 
praised the little book to him. The Gentleman's Magazine reviewed it in Sep- 
tember 1766. 

Small octavo in half-sheets; published 25 August by Noble, at i/-; 

approximately 19 x 12.3 cm. uncut. 
Signatures: Two leaves unsigned; B-E 4 . 



O F T H E 



Jn a Letter to a Friend in the Country, 


Printed for F. N o B L E, oppofite 




Pagination: Half-title, with copyright notice on verso; title-page with 
verso blank; 1-31 text, signed at end *S. TV and dated i July 1766; 
[32] blank. 


There seems to have been only a single edition of the little satire, 
perhaps because of the bookseller's lack of enterprise. HW included it 
in the SH edition of his Works in 1770, and in the Works of 1798. It 
was reprinted in the first volume of The Repository in 1883. 

A translation into French by the Chevalier de Redmond, in MS, was 
in the SH Sale, vi.iag, to Edwin Keats, Esq., and is now in the Bod- 


1. HW's copy, with his autograph and MS notes. Offered by T. Thorpe, Gen- 
eral Catalogue, Part 4 (1844), item 8595. 

2. HW's copy, untrimmed, in his Collection of Tracts of George III, Volume 
15, now WSL. The collection is recorded in the SH Bibliography, p. 255. 

The Account of the Giants is a somewhat scarce book, but there are two other 
copies at Farmington, three at Harvard, one at Yale, and one in the Library of 
Congress. Other copies in the United States are recorded at the Boston Public 
Library, John Carter Brown Library, the Hispanic Society in New York, and the 
Huntington Library. 


HW to Cole, 19 December 1767: 'My Richard III will go to the press this 
week, and you shall have one of the first copies, which I think will be in about 
a month. . . . Mr. Gray went to Cambridge yesterday sennight; I wait for some 
papers from him for my purpose.' 

HW to Lord Hailes, 17 January 1768: 'I will beg to know how I may convey 
my Richard to you, which will be published to-morrow fortnight. I do not wonder 
you could not guess the discovery I have made. It is one of die most marvellous 
that ever was made. In short, it is the original Coronation Roll of Richard the 
Third, by which it appears that very magnificent robes were ordered for Edward 
the Fifth, and that he did, or was to have walked at his uncle's coronation. This 
most valuable monument is in the great Wardrobe. It is not, though the most 
extraordinary, the only thing that will surprise you in my work.' 

The principal printed source was Sir George Buck's History of Richard III, 
in folio, 1646. In his 'Epistle from Florence' in 1740, HW had called Richard 
'the assassin king,' but in 1767 Buck's defense of Richard was a congenial text- 
book. In his eager advocacy of Richard, HW was a better apologist than his- 
torian; his belief (pp. 1 14-16) that Shakespeare's Winter's Tale is filled with refer- 



O N T H E 


O F 

King RICHARD the Third. 


L*Hiftoire n'eft fondee que fur le temoignage des Auteurs qui nous Tent tranf- 
mife. I] importe done extremement, pour la f^avoir, de fcien connoitre 
quels etoient ces Auteurs. Rien n'cft a negliger en ce point ; le terns ou ils 
ont vecu, teur naiffance, leur patrie, la part qu'ih ont eue aux affaires, Ics 
moyens parlefquels ils ont etc inftruit3> et Tinteret qu*ils ypouvoicnt prendre, 
font des circonftances eflentielles qu*il n'eft pas permis d'ignorer : dela de- 
pend le plus ou le moins d'autorite qu'ils doivent.avoir ; et fans cette con- 
noiflance, on courra rifque tres fouvent de prendre pour guide un Hiflorien 
de mauvaife foi, ou du moi/is, mal informe. 

Hift. dc I* Acad. des Infcript. Vol. X. 


Printed for J. D o D s L E v in Pall-MaJL 


ences to Anne Boleyn and Henry VIII will perhaps suggest how his mind 
worked. But what he wrote he wrote well. 

In Lord Derby's library at Knowsley there is a copy that HW seems to have 
used for a working copy; bound in are many extracts he had made from original 
records, and other materials. Signature P is a proof-sheet, with MS corrections 
that were incorporated in the first edition. On the title-page HW has written: 
'Begun to be printed 23 December; finished 27 January/ On p. 120 he has noted 
two misprints of the second edition (only one was corrected in 1770), and has 
jotted down an item that he used in a note in 1770. From the proof of Signature 
P it is possible to understand a minor error in a reference on p. 113 of the first 
edition: the note came at the bottom of p. 112, but HW made an insertion that 
forced the printer to move three lines to the next page, and the footnote was not 

'Short Notes': *i February 1768. Published my Historic Doubts on Richard 
the Third. I had begun it in the winter of 1767; continued it in the summer, and 
finished it after my return from Paris. Twelve hundred copies were printed, and 
sold so very fast that a new edition was undertaken the next day of 1,000 more, 
and published the next week/ 

HW to Cole, i February 1768: 1 have waited for the impression of my Richard, 
to send you the whole parcel [of books] together/ 

HW to Lord Hailes, 2 February 1768: 'I have sent to Mr. Cadell my Historic 
Doubts, Sir, for you. ... I can attribute to nothing but the curiosity of the 
subject, the great demand for it; for though it was sold publicly but yesterday, 
and twelve hundred and fifty copies [in his 'Short Notes' he wrote twelve 
hundred] were printed, Dodsley has been with me this morning to tell me he 
must prepare another edition directly/ Dodsley had paid 100 for the copy- 
right, and so was doubtless as much pleased as HW by the book's success. 

'Short Notes': *2O June. Received a letter from Voltaire desiring my Historic 
Doubts. I sent them/ Mme. du Deffand, who had been corresponding with HW 
about the book for many months, received her copies on March ist. 

Quarto; published i February 1768 by James Dodsley, at 5/~. 

Signatures: a b 4 ; B-S 4 . 

Pagination: [i] title-page; [ii] blank; [iii]-xv Preface, dated 28 No- 
vember 1767; [xvi] blank; 1-134 text; [135] Addition; [136] Errata 
and directions to binder. 

Two plates: a frontispiece (King Richard), and a picture of the King 
and Queen facing p. 103. The original drawing by Vertue for the 
second plate was in the SH Sale, xL 1 1 2, and is now WSL. 


It is clear from HW's correspondence with Gray that he had diffi- 
culty with the passage (pp. 1 16 ff.) about Jane Shore. I think from the 
watermarks that the whole of Signature Q was reprinted or else de- 


layed by a final revision; but Dodsley used three lots of paper some- 
what indiscriminately, so that one cannot be certain. 


The second edition, printed quickly and published 12 February, 

1768, is a page-for-page (almost line-for-line) reprint, with errata cor- 
rected. Corrections on pp. 132 and 135 were not followed in the 
Works of 1770 and 1798, the text of which must have been printed 
from the first edition. The second edition is printed on the paper used 
for the last sheet and preliminaries of the first edition. It is all reset, 
including the Preface, except for some scattered pages in the last few. 
sheets: apparently the type had been only partly distributed when 
Dodsley decided to reprint. 

The Dublin edition of 1768, printed for Faulkner and others, is in 
duodecimo, 1 66 pages. 

A French translation, published in 1 800 in octavo by Lerouge and 
Debray, is said in the preface to have been translated by Louis XVI 
about 1782 and revised in the Tuileries. 

A new edition published in London in 1822, in octavo, is a reprint 
of the first edition; the Errata are copied without being adapted to the 
new pagination. 


Gibbon wrote a long review of Historic Doubts in Memoires lit- 
teraires de la Grande Bretagne pour Van ij68, published in May 

1 769. To this review some observations by David Hume were appended 
as notes. (See 'Short Notes/ 1769.) HW was more disturbed by Hume's 
objections than by any others: see his letter to Cole, 16 April 1768, 
long before Hume's notes had been published. It was particularly as 
a reply to Hume (but also to the Critical Review and to a series of 
letters in the London Chronicle} that HW wrote his Supplement to 
the Historic Doubts, printed in the quarto Works in 1771, the second 
volume, but published only in 1798. In 1860 Edward Craven Hawtrey 
published the text in the sixth volume of the Philobiblon Society. Miss 
Berry had sold H W's MS to White of Pall-Mall, from whom Hawtrey 
bought it; later he presented it to Eton College. The first ninety-six 
pages of Hawtrey's text agree with the text in the Works; the next four 
pages are omitted in the Works; the rest of the text is the same. 

The first separately printed answer to Historic Doubts was by F. W. 


Guidickens, An Answer to Mr. Horace Walpole's Late Work, 99 pages, 
published by White in May 1768. 

In the first volume of Archaeologia, 1770, Dean Jeremiah Milles 
published his 'Observations on the Wardrobe Account/ 

In January 1771 Robert Masters read Some Remarks on Mr. Wai- 
pole's Historic Doubts before the Society of Antiquaries. They were 
printed as an offprint from Archaeologia by Richard Gough, and thirty 
copies were given to Masters about 24 December 1772 to distribute as 
presents; published in the second volume of Archaeologia in April 
1773. When Cole offered to try to find a copy of the twenty-page off- 
print, H W replied that he was not in any eagerness to see a copy. (See 
HW to Cole, 8 January 1773; to Mason, 9 January 1773; to Cole, 7 
April 1773.) 

HW wrote his reply to Dean Milles in August 1770, and to Masters 
early in 1774; in the SH Bibliography, pp. 89 and 95, 1 suggested that 
HW printed both replies together, in the quarto Works, in 1774. But a 
letter from Michael Tyson, i February 1772 (printed in Nichols's Lit. 
Artec., viii-579) asserts that HW has printed the Reply to Dean Milles 
and that Cole has a copy; and soon after Gray's death, Mason wrote to 
HW, 28 August 1771: 'I have in my possession [i.e., among Gray's 
papers] your printed letter to Dr. Milles/ It was therefore a printed 
copy that HW asked Gray to show to Cole in January 1771. 

HW left his last word on Richard III in a short Postscript to the 
Historic Doubts, written in 1793 and printed by Miss Berry in the 
Works, 1798. 


1. HW's copy, contemporary calf, gilt; with prints and drawings (including 
the naked Jane Shore); HW's bookplate and MS notes. SH Sale, iv.i42, to Bohn, 
3.10.0; Sotheby's, 3 July 1883 (Beckford Sale, Part 3), lot 254, to Lord Rose- 
bery through Bain, 50. (B. W. Currie wanted it, but Quaritch did not want to 
bid above 50 for him, according to Quaritch's letter now at Farmington.) 

2. HW's copy, described as Large Paper, but actually a part of the 1770 Works 
in royal quarto; contemporary calf; HW's bookplate and MS notes (including the 
Postscript written in 1793). SH Sale, vii-33 (London Sale in June, viii.iO4g), to 
Holloway of Henrietta Street. Owned by Edward Herries (i82i?~ign); sold by 
David C. Herries to Hodgson; Hodgson, September 1942, to WSL, 31.10.0. The 
book contains some dozen MS notes, chiefly identifications; since most of them 
were not used in 1798, it is likely that Miss Berry printed from another copy. 
The text of the Postscript is the same as that printed in 1798, but the punctuation 
differs; Kirgate's transcript of the Postscript was in the Waller Collection. 



3. A copy with HW's bookplate is in the Dyce Collection at the Victoria 
and Albert Museum. 

4. William Cole's copy, with copious MS notes; sent to Cole i February 1768. 
On the fly-leaf is a copy of a letter from HW to George Steevens, December 1782, 
disparaging Cole. T. King, 20 May 1800 (Steevens Sale), lot 1149, to Baker, 
3.5.0; Sotheby's, 8 June 1825 (Baker Sale), lot 831, to Corrie, 1.3-0; Evans, 18 
June 1846 (Upcott Sale), lot 1094, to Burn, 1.13.0; Puttick and Simpson, 24 June 
1875 (Robert Lee Sale), lot 194, to Hayes, 2.3.0. 

5. Michael Lort's copy, with his name on fly-leaf; MS notes and newspaper 
clippings; the answer by Guidickens bound in at end; nineteenth-century calf. 
Sotheby's, 20 April 1791 (Lort Sale), lot 3711, n/-; Boone, 1862, to H. H. Gibbs, 
later Lord Aldenham, 367-; Sotheby's, 5 May 1937 (Aldenham Sale), lot 1045, to 
Maggs for WSL, 2.2.0 (with Nicholl's Wills). 

6. Lord Dacre's copy, with his bookplate; MS notes on end-papers; contempo- 
rary calf. Sotheby's, 7 November 1938 (Barrett-Lennard Sale), lot 34, to Maggs 
for WSL, 1.10.0. 

7. The Duke of Richmond's copy, probably presented by HW; red morocco, 
with Richmond crest on spine. Gift of Mr. Philip Hofer to WSL, December 1933. 

8. Presentation copy to David Dalrymple, Lord Hailes, inscribed by him; 
contemporary calf. Sotheby's, 25 May 1937 (Newhailes Sale), lot 423, to Elkin 
Mathews, 5.10.0; Elkin Mathews, July 1937, to WSL, 6.1.0. 

9. Gibbon's copy with his first bookplat'e; contemporary calf, rebacked; in 
Gibbon Sale, 1832. Note on fly-leaf: 'This volume was purchased at the sale of 
Gibbon's library at Lausanne in 183 , by Mr. Broomfield, and presented to me 
in 1833. The library, purchased by Beckford after Gibbon's death, was disposed 
of by auction at that time. J. D.' (See Keynes's Catalogue of Gibbon's library.) 
Goodspeed, May 1940, to WSL, $10. 

10. Sir John Fenn's copy, with his bookplate and autograph; a few correc- 
tions in MS; bound in calf with other tracts in 1774. The set is recorded in SH 
Bibliography, p. 67. 

11. Presentation copy to Lord Harcourt: now at Nuneham Park. 

12. Presentation copy to George Onslow, sent with a covering letter 31 Janu- 
ary 1768, when Onslow's father, the former Speaker of the House, was near 
death; a sketch of HW by H. E. Onslow, made after HW's death, tipped in; old 
calf. Sotheby's, 14 July 1902 (Miscellaneous Sale), to Maggs, 3.5.0; Anderson 
Galleries, 26 March 1912 (Allis Sale), lot 877, $35; now in the Huntington Li- 

13. A copy described as a presentation copy, with several added portraits, red 
morocco. Sotheby's, 15 February 1871 (Corser Sale), lot 595. 

14. Presentation copy, calf, with a bookplate initialled: Gmo. P. D. D. H. W, 
This may very possibly have been William Parsons. Sotheby's, 28 April 1894 
(Buckley Sale), lot 4229. 


For description see the SH Bibliography, pp. 79-85. Copy 8 on p. 84 should be 



listed as the edition of 1781: it was presented to William Parsons in 1790, and 
is now owned by William Zimmerman, Jr, Mr. Zimmerman also owns Horace 
Mann's copy of the edition of 1768. 


For description see the SH Bibliography, pp. 87-96. I now think, chiefly on 
the evidence of a letter from Tyson to Gough, i February 1772, printed in 
Nichols's Literary Anecdotes viii.579, that tn e Reply to Dean Milles was printed 
soon after it was written, in 1770. See also under Historic Doubts, 1768, above. 

For description see the SH Bibliography, pp. 105-112. 


For description see the SH Bibliography, p. 116. 

For description see the SH Bibliography, p. 123. 


First printed in the fourth volume of the Anecdotes of Painting. For descrip- 
tion see the SH Bibliography, p. 129. Considerable extracts were included in the 
new edition (1801) of Observations on Modern Gardening by Thomas Whately 

(d. 177*)- 


For description see the SH Bibliography, pp. 133-4. Thomas Barrett's copy, 
listed as Copy 5, was purchased by WSL at the Hartshorne Sale, 3 November 
1945, for $135. 


Although the nominal editor of the Works was Robert Berry, his daughter, 
Mary Berry, did the work. She made a careful collection of HW's published and 
unpublished writings, making use of the partially completed Works of 1770, and 
carrying out the directions left in manuscript by HW. The result is a handsome 
and satisfying memorial to the literary life of her dear friend. She omitted numer- 
ous ephemeral pieces, it is true, but these five volumes supplemented by HW's 
letters and his historical memoirs present a relatively complete picture. 

According to C. H. Timperley's Dictionary of Printers and Printing, 1839, 
p. 797, the copyright of the Works 'is said to have produced 3000.' 








VOL. I. 









VOL. I. 






The first two volumes are a line-for-line reprint of the unpublished Works of 
1770. Miss Berry was thus able to use the sheets of that edition for some copies, 
especially the Catalogue of Royal and Noble Authors, pp. 1-520, in the first 

Royal quarto, on wove paper with various watermarks; approximately 
31.5 x 24.8 cm. uncut. Large-paper copies are on laid paper, im- 
perial quarto; a good trimmed copy at Farmington measures 35 x 
28 cm. 

Volume I. Signatures: Two leaves unsigned; a-b 4 ; c 2 ; B-4C 4 ; 4D 2 ; 

4E S ; one leaf, printed with sheet 4E, is inserted after 4A 3 . 
Pagination: [i] half-title; [ii] blank; [iii] title-page; [iv] blank; 
[v]-xx Preface by the Editor; xxi HW's Advertisement; [xxii] 
blank; [xxiii]-xxiv Contents; 1-567 Fugitive Pieces and Royal 
and Noble Authors; [568] blank; [569J-577 Indexes; [578] blank; 
one leaf, 54g*~55o*, inserted after p. 550. 

The preliminary leaves of all five volumes were printed last, as 
usual. The three pages of Directions to the Binder, often missing, may 
appear after half-sheet c in the first volume, with which they seem to 
have been printed, or at the end of the fifth volume: these Directions 
list the plates in the five volumes. 

Leaf a 2 (in the Preface) is a cancel; I do not know why, but I suppose 
Miss Berry made some change in her comments. Perhaps she inserted 
the reference to the Postscript to the Historic Doubts, which is itself a 
cancel in the second volume. 

Volume II. Signatures: Two leaves unsigned; a 1 ; B-Ee 4 ; Ff 2 ; *Ff *Ii*; 

two leaves unsigned; Gg~4D 4 . 

Pagination: Half-title, title-page, and Contents, with versos blank; 
[i]-22O, [*22i] *252, [22i]-576 Castle of Otranto, Historic 
Doubts, Aedes Walpolianae, Description of the Villa, On Modern 
Gardening, etc. 

Half-sheet FF and the half-sheet before Sig. Gg are not parts of the 
same sheet; the compositor copied the pagination of the SH Works of 
1770 but altered the imposition. 

Leaf *Ii 4 (the Postscript to Historic Doubts, pp. ^251-^) is a cancel, 
watermarked 1797 like the preliminary leaves of all five volumes. This 
Postscript was written in 1793, and was perhaps overlooked at first 


by Miss Berry. HW's manuscript, from which Miss Berry presumably 
took her text, is inserted in his annotated copy o Historic Doubts (ac- 
tually, sheets from SH Works of 1770), now WSL. A copy of the Post- 
script in Kirgate's hand was in Sir Wathen Waller's collection. 

Volume III. Signatures: Two leaves unsigned; a 2 ; B-gT 4 . 

Pagination: Half-title and title-page, with versos blank; [v]-vii Con- 
tents; [viii] blank; [i]-5is Anecdotes of Painting and Indexes. 
Volume IV. Signatures: Two leaves unsigned; a 2 ; B-gN 4 ; gO 2 . 

Pagination: Half-title and title-page, with versos blank; [v] vii Con- 
tents; [viii] blank; [i] 463 Catalogue of Engravers and miscel- 
laneous pieces; [464] blank; [465J-468 Indexes to Engravers. 
Volume V. Signatures: Two leaves unsigned; a 1 ; B 4Q 4 ; 4R 2 . 

Pagination: Half-title and title-page, with versos blank; [v]~ vi Con- 
tents; [i]-675 Letters; [676] blank. 


The Directions to the Binder list 165 plates; one other, Lord Her- 
bert (i.sgo), seems to have been omitted by inadvertence. The position 
of the plates may vary somewhat, but since the plates have page num- 
bers for this edition, they can readily be identified. The frontispiece 
to the first volume is a portrait of HW drawn by Thomas Lawrence in 
1796; according to Lord Glenbervie's Diary, the frontispiece was pre- 
pared as early as September 1797. The other plates in the first four 
volumes are new impressions of plates previously used by HW; the 
portraits of HW's correspondents, in the fifth volume, were engraved 
for this edition by James Heath. 

The first volume has engravings of coins on pp. 1 55 and 32 1 ; the 
fourth volume has engravings on pp. 377 and 380. The five title-pages 
have respectively the third SH fleuron, the first fleuron, the second 
fleuron, the fleuron from the SH edition of Anecdotes, and a new 
fleuron drawn by Heath. 

At Farmington there is a collection of the plates, clearly extracted 
from several sets of the Works, containing several copies of each plate. 


When this edition was published in June, 1798, it was priced at 
10.10.0 in boards (21 for sets on large paper). For five sumptuous 



volumes with 166 plates, the price was perhaps not exorbitant; but 
sales seem to have been slow and the edition remained in print for a 
good many years. During these years, it is clear that new impressions 
of the plates were prepared from time to time, as needed. In what may 
be called the original impression, the plates are on paper watermarked 
1794 or 1795. But I have seen a set in which the plates are on paper 
watermarked 1804, another set watermarked 1805, a third set water- 
marked 1807, and a fourth set watermarked variously from 1806 to 
1812. Five issues of the plates can be differentiated, therefore, by the 
watermarks; others may exist. The plates were reissued (without the 
Works) by Jeffery on Whatman paper watermarked 1822, and partial 
sets of this issue often occur in extra-illustrated volumes prepared by 
Walpolian or SH collectors; it was one such set that I recorded in the 
SH Bibliography , p. 108. 

A new set of title-pages (and half-titles) was printed about 1 805. The 
paper is watermarked 1 805, and the plates of this issue (in five sets 
examined) are watermarked either 1805 or 1807. The reprinted title- 
pages can be identified most easily by the watermark, since the water- 
mark in all title-pages of the first issue is 1 797; furthermore, the pointed 
'A' in the fourth line, * Horatio Walpole,' is readily identifiable in con- 
trast to the characteristic blunt Caslon *A' of the first issue. The set 
at the University of Illinois is in original boards, with paper labels. 

A third issue of the Works can also be dated approximately by the 
watermarks, about 1812. One set at Farmington (a similar set is at the 
University of Illinois) has title-pages of the first issue, but the plates are 
watermarked variously from 1 806 to 1 8 1 2 ; this set is in original boards, 
uncut, with printed paper labels reading: 'The Works of Horatio 
Walpole, Earl of Orford. 176 [i.e., 166] plates. In five volumes. . . . 
Price 15.15.' This increased price for the remainder of a work pub- 
lished at ten guineas in 1798 is an interesting illustration of the effects 
of the sudden inflation during the war, 1810-1815. 

One other variant, recorded in SH Bibliography, p. 93, can properly 
be repeated here. Some sheets of the SH Works of 1770 were incorpo- 
rated in some copies of the published edition. I have seen three sets 
(two at Farmington and one at the University of Illinois) in which pp. 
1520 of the first volume consist of sheets from the SH Works of 1770; 
in a copy at the Metropolitan Museum in New York, pp. 9-520 are 
from the SH Works, In another copy at Farmington, sheet M of the sec- 


ond volume is from the SH Works; and Mr. W. Rees-Mogg of Bristol, 
England, writes that in his copy sheet D of the first volume and sheet 
N of the second are from the SH Works. No doubt unidentified frag- 
ments from the SH Works lurk in still other copies of the published 
edition of 1798. 


A collection of miscellaneous pieces (On Modern Gardening, 
Reminiscences, Hieroglyphic Tales, and other pieces from the fourth 
volume), translated into German by A. W. Schlegel, was published at 
Leipzig in 1 800. 


It may be of interest to record the pieces that were first published 
in 1798, indicating by a parenthetical 1770 those that HW had printed 
in the SH Works of 1770. Numerous corrections, especially in the text 
of the Fugitive Pieces, were prepared by HW when he planned the 
edition of his Works. 

i.xxi HW's Advertisement. 

1.452 Additions to Royal and Noble Authors (1770). 

1.526 Pieces omitted. 

1.562 Appendix to Royal and Noble Authors. 
11.185 Supplement to Historic Doubts (1770). 
11.251* Postscript to Historic Doubts. 

11.289 Nature Will Prevail: written in 1773, printed probably soon afterwards 
in 1770 Works, produced in June 1778 at the Little Theatre in the Haymarket. 

11.305 Thoughts on Tragedy and on Comedy: written in 1775-6, after the 
success of Jephson's Braganza, for which HW furnished an Epilogue. 

11.323 Detection of a late forgery called Testament politique du Chevalier 
Robert Walpoole. 

'Short Notes': *i February 1767. Began the detection of the Testament 
Politique of my father at Strawberry Hill; and finished it the next time I went 
thither, February i7th. Did not print it, as no translation was made into English 
of that fictitious work/ In the Works it is dated 16 February. 

ii.339 Ltf e f R ev * Thomas Baker (1656-1740), Cambridge antiquary. 
Written in 1778 from William Cole's materials. 

HW to Cole, 22 September 1777: 'I return you your MS. ... It has 
amused me much, and I admire Mr. Baker for having been able to show so much 


sense on so dry a subject. I wish, as you say you have materials for it, that you 
would write his life. . , . PS. ... If you are busy yourself, and will send me the 
materials, I will draw up the life of Mr. Baker/ 

Cole to HW, 4 October 1777: 'Nothing could please me more than 
your proposal in the PS. The materials I have, I am afraid will be scanty/ 7 
October 1777: 'I am extremely busy in collecting my materials about Mr. 

HW to Cole, 15 October 1777: Tray do not hurry yourself about the 
anecdotes of Mr. Baker. ... I shall certainly not have time to do anything this 
year. I ... shall probably have not much idle leisure before next summer/ 

Cole to HW, 29 March 1778: 'I finished my collections relating to 
Mr. Baker, which are ready to be sent to you whenever you are disposed to have 

HW to Cole, 23 April 1778: 'Your Bakeriana will be very welcome 
about June/ 10 June 1778: 'You shall send me your papers whenever you please. 
... I shall write the life to oblige you, without any thoughts of publication, 
unless I am better pleased than I expect to be, and even then, not in my own 
life. I had rather show that I am sensible of my own defects, and that I have 
acquired judgment enough not to hope praise for my writings; for surely when 
they are not obnoxious, and one only leaves them behind one, it is a mark that 
one is not very vain of them/ 

Cole to HW, 4 July 1778: 'Mr. Lort . . . returns to town on Tuesday, 
and engages to deliver my packet into your own hands/ 

HW to Cole, 24 July 1778: 'I have commenced the life, and do not dis- 
like my ideas for it, if the execution does but answer/ i September 1778: 'I have re- 
sumed Mr. Baker's Life, and pretty well arranged my plan, but I shall have little 
time to make any progress till October/ 26 October 1778: 'I have finished the 
Life of Mr. Baker, will have it transcribed, and send it to you. ... I have no 
thoughts of printing this Life at present; nay, I beg you will not only not com- 
municate it, but take care it never should be printed without my consent. . . . 
I have executed it by snatches and with long interruptions/ 3 January 1779: 'I 
have made my printer, now my secretary, copy out the rest of Mr. Baker's Life/ 
15 January 1779: 1 send you . . . my Life of Mr. Baker. ... I beg you will 
communicate my MS to nobody but if you think it worth your trouble, I will 
consent to your transcribing it. ... I shall beg to have it returned to me . . . for 
I have nothing but the foul copy/ 

Cole's transcript is now in the British Museum. 

11.363 Account of my Conduct, written in 1782, with Letters to and from 

HW's preliminary sketch and notes are now WSL. The completed MS, dated go 
March 1782, is now in the British Museum among the Berry papers. 

iv.234 Additional papers relative to Chatterton. 

These papers are a supplement to his Letter to Chatterton, printed at 
SH in 1779. The MS in the Morgan Library contains a few additional para- 
graphs that HW evidently intended to be printed in the Works. 


iv.247 Narrative of the Quarrel between Hume and Rousseau, written in 
September 1767. 

The Letter to Rousseau with which HW stirred the quarrel was 
printed in the St. James's Chronicle in 1766. 

iv.27i Reminiscences, written in 1788. 

HW wrote these Reminiscences for Mary and Agnes Berry. Two MSS 
are now in the Morgan Library. Since their first printing in the Works they have 
been reprinted as follows: 

1805. A beautiful edition, limited to 25 copies, printed by Richard 
Taylor and Co. for Lord Frederick Campbell. (See J. Martin, Bibliographical 
Catalogue, 1834, p. 100.) 

1818. Printed for John Sharpe. 

1819. Reprinted, with Letters of HW, etc. (Another edition was pub- 
lished in 1819 in Sharpens Select Edition of the British Prose Writers.) 

1820. A Boston reprint of Sharpens edition. 
1830. In Whittingham's Cabinet Library. 

1840. In the first volume of Bentley's edition of HW's Letters. 

1857. In the first volume of Cunningham's edition of HW's Letters. 

1924. Edited by Dr. Paget Toynbee, for the Clarendon Press; printed 
with the Reminiscences in this edition are HW's Conversations with Lady Suf- 
folk, from HW's Book of Materials now in the Folger Library, 

In 1826 a French translation was published at Paris. 

iv*355 Parody of Lord Chesterfield's Letters, 1774. 

'Short Notes': 'May 1774. Wrote an introduction to, and a parody of, 
Lord Chesterfield's three first Letters.' See HW to Lady Ossory, 11 August 1774: 
'Mr. Cambridge came yesterday and said he must ask to see something I had 
lately written. . . . He . . . meant the parody of Lord Chesterfield's Letters. 
. . . ' The MS is now in the Morgan Library. 

iv.gGi Criticism on Johnson. The MS is now in the British Museum. 
iv.g63 Continuation of Baker's Chronicle: dated 28 December 1782. 

iv.g68 Detached Thoughts. 

The MS is now in the Morgan Library. The text was reprinted from 
the Works by Lewis Buddy in 1905. 

iv.37i Miscellaneous Verses. These are all reprinted and annotated by WSL 
in his edition of HW's Fugitive Verses, 1931; I add bibliographical notes on a 
few poems. 

'The Funeral of the Lioness,' written in 1751. HW's MS, from the 
Waller Collection, is now in the Merritt Collection at Harvard; HW's transcript 
is in the Waldegrave MS, now WSL. The texts are nearly the same. 

'Verses on Celia,' 1750. 

'The Parish Register of Twickenham.' HW's MS, now WSL, shows that 
the first, rejected title was 'The Inmates of Twickenham.' In 1784 (the MS in 
the 'Book of Visitors' is dated 7 September 1784) he added a postscript of ten 


lines, in honor of Lady Diana Beauclerk who had moved to Twickenham. In 
HW's copy of Description of SH 1774, now WSL, is a copy of the revised poem, 
with extensive notes, all in HW's hand. The text printed in 1798 has three 
verbal alterations. 

'Countess Temple appointed Poet Laureate to the King of the 

'Portrait of Mme. du Deffand,' 1766. 

'Lines to Lady Anne Fitzpatrick/ September 1772. 

'Epitaph on Lady Ossory's Bullfinches/ ca. 1779. 

'Card to Lady Blandford,' 15 August 1778. 

'The Advice, 1763.' 

Song: 'What a rout do you make/ 

'To Love' from Petrarch. 

'To Lady Craven/ 1778. 

iv.ggG Prologue and Epilogue to Mysterious Mother. 

iv.402 Epilogue to The Times, 1779. The text published with the play is very 
different. See under the year 1780 in the second part, below. 

iv.403 Epigram on the New Archbishop of Canterbury, 1758. 

Epigram on the translation of Anacreon. 

Epigram: 'When Theseus from the fair/ HW's transcript is in the 
'Book of Visitors' (see Correspondence with Mary and Agnes Berry, 1944, ii.s 
Three riddles. 

'Epitaphium vivi auctoris/ 1792. 
iv.409 Letters to and from Richard West. 

The fifth volume is entirely made up of letters to various cor- 


Pendant to the five volumes of 1 798 are the following, all in quarto: 

Volume VI. Letters . . . to George Montagu. London, Rodwell and Martin, 
and Henry Colburn, 1818. And Letters . . . to the Rev. William Cote, printed 
later in 1818 for the same publishers. A few copies were printed on large 
paper. These two volumes may be bound together, or either one may appear 
separately, with an added title-page: The Works . . . Vol. VI. London, Rod- 
well and Martin, and Edinburgh, Blackwood, 1818. 

With the Memoires of 1822, Murray issued for this volume an added 
title-page: The Works . . . Vol. VI. London, John Murray, 1822. 

See further under Letters, 1818. 

Volumes VII, VIII. Memoires . . . of George the Second. London, John Murray, 


1822. Two volumes. These two volumes were also issued with added title- 
pages: The Works . . . Vol. VII [VIII]. London, John Murray, 1822. 
See also under Memoires, 1822. 

Volume IX. Letters . . . to the Earl of Hertford. ... To which are added Mr. 
Walpole's Letters to the Rev. Henry Zouch. London, Charles Knight, 1825. 
This volume was also issued with an added title-page: The Works . . . Vol. IX. 
London, Charles Knight, 1825. 

See also under Letters, 1825. 


1. Presentation copy from Mary Berry to Hannah More (1745-1833), with 
letter from Miss Berry dated 19 May 1798 and Hannah More's signature. Later 
inscription by Hannah More: Tor J. S. Harford, Esqr., my much esteemed friend, 
Blaise Castle. Barley Wood/ Bookplate of John S. Harford, Jr. (1785-1866). Half- 
calf, 5 volumes; Directions to Binder at end of fifth volume. Sotheby's, 1 1 De- 
cember 1930 (Miscellaneous Sale), lot 1101, to Maggs for WSL, 2o/-. 

2. Mrs. Piozzi's copy, with her marginal notes in Letters to Montagu. Book- 
plate of George Folliott. Title-pages and plates on paper watermarked 1805; 
pp. 1-520 of first volume from SH Works. Half-calf, 7 volumes (Letters to Mon- 
tagu and to Cole bound separately). Sotheby's, 12 May 1930 (Miscellaneous Sale), 
lot 131, to WSL, 9.10.0. 

3. Large-paper copies seem to be quite uncommon, but there are undoubtedly 
some sets in country house libraries. The copy at Farmington, handsomely 
bound in contemporary red morocco, came from Elkin Mathews, September 
1927, for 14.14.0. Another fine set is at Harvard. 



HW to Lady Ossory, 30 September 1791: 'I have been ashamed to write to your 
Ladyship till I could tell you that I have finished the notes to the Duke of Bed- 
ford's pictures; I stayed at home all yesterday evening to make an end; but alas! 
Madam, though I have been so tedious, if your partiality for me has raised any 
expectation of amusement in the Duke, his Grace will be piteously disappointed; 
of which I warned your Ladyship before I undertook the task, in the execution of 
which I have no kind of merit but obedience. . . . Well, I said I had done my 
work, and now I will have it transcribed fair and transmit it to your Ladyship; 
but you must not expect it incontinently, for poor Kirgate is shaking in bed 
with an ague and fever, and nobody else can read my sketches/ 

HW to Lady Ossory, 26 October 1791: Tour Ladyship is very gracious about 
the catalogue, as I knew you would be, when you had commanded it. . . .'23 
November 1791 : 'The Duke of Bedford is too gracious, Madam, in being pleased 
to say he is content with my meagre account of his pictures. . . .' 








Kirgate's fair copy of the MS is now at Woburn Abbey. It is apparently the 
copy in SH Sale, vi.iso, and then in the Eyton collection: the heading 'By Horace 
Earl of Orford' must be later than 5 December 1791, when HW succeeded as 
fourth Earl; and HW's description of his handwriting in his letter to Lady 
Ossory, 30 September (quoted above), does not suggest the 'neat autograph* 
described in the Eyton catalogue. What was described as the original MS, 'in 
the neat autograph of the author/ 14 pp., small quarto, was sold at Sotheby's, 
22 May 1848 (Eyton Sale), lot 1484, to Lilly, i7/-. Eyton's copy of the printed 
booklet may well be the copy now at Farmington.* 

The booklet was not printed until 1800. A correspondent who signed himself 
*C.D/ sent HW's notes to the European Magazine, saying they had been omitted 
from the Works but had been printed privately; the European Magazine printed 
them in January and February, 1801, and they were also printed in the Annual 
Register for 1801. Many extracts from HW's notes were printed in 1825 by 
Henry Bone in his Catalogue of Miniature Portraits at Woburn Abbey. Some 
extracts from HW's notes were also included in A Descriptive Catalogue of the 
Portraits in the Collection of John, Duke of Bedford, K.G., at Woburn Abbey, 
of which fifty copies were printed privately in 1834. 

Large quarto; approximately 31 x 25 cm. untrimmed, on laid paper. 

(A copy at Farmington on wove paper has been trimmed to the 

size of a post quarto.) 
Two sheets, the second signed B. 
Pagination: [i] 'Notes to the Portraits at Woburn Abbey'; [2] blank; 

[ 3 ]-i 6 text. 


The copy in the British Museum and the copy sold with Mrs. 
Darner's books, unlike the copy reproduced here, have the date on. the 


The editor of the Letters was John Martin, the bibliographical 
bookseller. The book was advertised in the Morning Chronicle, 2 April 
1818. The trade edition, in royal quarto, was offered at two guineas in 
boards; a few copies were printed on imperial paper and priced at 
three guineas each. 

The editor deleted many of the personal names in the text of the 

* The record of HW's earlier visit to Woburn Abbey, in 1751, is in Visits to Country 
Seats (in the sixteenth volume of the Walpole Society), and in his letter to Montagu, 
8 October 1751. 






FROM THE YE Alt 1736, TO THE YEAR 1770, 







Letters. Some time after the publication of the volume, an eight-page 
supplement, 'Names of Persons mentioned in the Foregoing Letters/ 
was circulated privately, according to the reviewer in the Quarterly 
Review. Perhaps the circulation was not sharply restricted, because 
bound copies of the Letters are likely to have the supplement at the 
end, and the sequence of signatures indicates that the printer pre- 
pared the supplement to be so placed. 

This collection of letters, often bound with the Letters to Cole, was 
also issued with an added title-page as Vol. VI of the Works, 1818, 
published by Rodwell and Martin of London, and Blackwood of Edin- 
burgh. With the Memoires in 1822, Murray also issued a new title- 
page for Vol. VI, to be used by purchasers who wanted to make a set. 

A second edition of the Letters to Montagu, in quarto, with most of 
the names inserted in the text, was printed in 1819. Copies are in the 
British Museum, Bodleian, University of Edinburgh, and the State 
College of Washington. 

Some unsold copies of the second edition seem to have been re- 
issued in 1834 with a new title-page, the imprint of which reads: 
London, Published for Henry Colburn by R. Bentley; Bell and Brad- 
fute, Edinburgh; and John Gumming, Dublin. Two copies with this 
title-page are in the Forster Collection at the Victoria and Albert 

A French translation of the Letters to Montagu was published at 
Paris in 1818. 


The same John Martin who edited the Letters to Montagu from the 
MSS owned by Lord Frederick Montagu was presumably the editor 
of this volume. The Preface is dated December 1818. The trade edition 
was printed in royal quarto, to match the Works of 1 798 and the Letters 
to Montagu; a few copies were printed on imperial paper. 

Copies bound with the Letters to Montagu were issued as Vol. VI 
of the Works, with added title-page, and again in 1822, as described 
above under Letters to Montagu. 

A reissue described on the title-page as a second edition was pub- 
lished in 1824; the imprint reads: London, Printed for Henry Col- 
burn, New Burlington-Street, and Rodwell and Martin, Bond-Street. 

















Two copies with this title-page are in the Forster Collection at the 
Victoria and Albert Museum. 


The editor of this quarto volume, published by Charles Knight, 
was John Wilson Croker. It was likewise issued, with added title-page, 
as Vol. IX of the Works,, the Memoires of 1822 being counted as 
Volumes VII and VIII. It was published 12 July 1825 (Morning 
Chronicle), at 1.1 1.6, in royal quarto; no copies on large paper are 
mentioned in the advertisement, and presumably none were printed. 


Miss Berry published the first collection of HW's letters in the 
Works in 1798; many letters are included in the second, fourth, and 
fifth volumes. They are recorded in this bibliography only in the con- 
tents of the Works. Occasional letters have been first published in many 
places, for example, in the Literary Correspondence of John Pinkerton 
in 1 830; but since such items will be recorded in the appropriate vol- 
ume of the Yale edition, they are omitted here. 

The principal collected editions of HW's letters are the following: 

Private Correspondence of Horace Walpole, Earl of Orford. Now first col- 
lected. London: Rodwell and Martin, and Colburn and Co. 1820. Four volumes, 

Correspondence with George Montagu [etc.] Printed for Henry Colburn, 1837. 
Three volumes, 8vo. A new edition of the Private Correspondence. 

Letters to Sir Horace Mann, edited by Lord Dover, 1833. Three volumes, 8vo,; 
second edition, 1833. Completed in Letters to Sir Horace Mann . . . Concluding 
Series, 1843-4. Four volumes, 8vo. The first series was reprinted in New York, 
1833, in two volumes, 8vo.; the concluding series was reprinted in Philadelphia, 
1844, in two volumes, 8vo. 

The Letters of Horace Walpole, Earl of Orford. London, Richard Bentley, 
1840. Six volumes, 8vo. The letters to Mary and Agnes Berry, first printed in 
this edition, are in the sixth volume. The editor was John Wright. Reprinted 
in Philadelphia in 1842, and in London in 1846. 

Letters addressed to the Countess of Ossory, edited by R. Vernon Smith, 1848. 
Two volumes, 8vo. Second edition, 1848. Reprinted without notes, 1903, in three 

Correspondence of Horace Walpole and William Mason, edited by John Mit- 
ford, 1851. Two volumes, 8vo. 














Letters, edited by P. Cunningham, 1857. Nine volumes, 8vo, Many times re- 
printed in London and New York. 

Some unpublished letters of Horace Walpole, edited by Sir Spencer Walpole, 
1902. One volume, 8vo. 

Letters, edited by Mrs. Paget Toynbee, Oxford, 1903-5. Sixteen volumes, 
8vo. Supplementary volumes edited by Paget Toynbee, 1918-25. Three volumes, 

The Correspondence of Gray, Walpole, West, and Ashton, edited by Paget 
Toynbee, Oxford, 1915. Two volumes, 8vo. 

The Yale Edition of Horace Walpole' s Correspondence, edited by W. S. Lewis, 
New Haven, 1937-. 

Closely related series of letters, both of which include extracts from HW's 
letters, are: 

Letters of the Marquise du Deffand to the Hon. Horace Walpole, ed. by 
Mary Berry, 4 vols., 1810. Many editions down to Mrs. Toynbee's, in 3 vols., in 

Extracts from the Journals and Correspondence of Miss Berry, ed. by Lady 
Theresa Lewis, 3 vols., 1865. 

GEORGE III. 1822-59. 

These historical memoirs, perhaps HW's most important work, were pub- 
lished in three installments: The Memoir es of the last ten years of George II, 
1822; Memoirs of . . . George HI, 1845; an( i Journal of . . . George III from 
17 j i to 1783, 1859. The MSS from which they were printed fill twenty-one small 
folio volumes, in Lord Waldegrave's collection. Drafts of several passages are at 
Farmington, and numerous fragmentary notes. Also at Farmington are the MSS 
of the memoirs for 178391, still unpublished; they were acquired by Richard 
Bentley from Mary Berry, and were sold to WSL in 1937 by the present Mrs. 

The importance HW attached to his Memoirs may be judged from the frontis- 
piece Bentley drew for him. (See the edition of 1822.) He wrote and rewrote 
them with great care, and his final copy of the earlier part was carefully pre- 
pared for the printer, with head- and tail-pieces by Bentley and Miintz pasted 
at the proper places. The frontispiece was perhaps designed in 1752, although 
some of the other drawings seem to have been made as late as 1758 or 1759. 

'Short Notes': 'About this time [1751] I began to write my Memoirs. At first, 
I intended only to write the history of one year.* 

HW to Montagu, 6 June 1752: 'The memoirs of last year are quite finished, 
but I shall add some pages of notes, that will not want anecdotes/ 

'Short Notes': '28 October [1759], I finished the eighth book of my Memoirs. 
... 10 October 1763, began the Memoirs of 1759; 28 October, finished 
that year; 29 October, began the year 1760; 9 November, finished that year. . . . 











VOL. I. 




18 August 1766. Began Memoirs of the Reign of George the Third. ... In July 
and August [1769] finished two more books of my Memoirs, for the years 1765, 
1766. ... 18 October 1769, began another book of the Memoirs; i December 
1769, finished the Memoirs to the end of the first Parliament of George III. . . . 
1771. This year wrote the Memoirs of 1768, 1769, 1770. 7 January 1772, began the 
Memoirs of 1771; 20 April 1772, finished my Memoirs, which conclude with the 
year 1771; intending for the future only to carry on a Journal/ 

In the MS the Memoirs of 1754-55 are marked 'Begun 26 December 1755'; 
those of 1756 'Begun 8 August 1758'; those of 1757 'Begun 9 October 1758'; 
those of 1758 'Begun 17 August 1759'; those of 1759 '10 October 1763'; and those 
of 1760 '29 October 1763.' 

The Parallel of Sir Robert Walpole and Mr. Pelham, which is included under 
the year 1751 in the printed Memoirs, was written in 1747. HW marked his 
transcript in the Waldegrave MS: 'inserted . . . with some slight alterations' in 
the Memoirs. 


The different sections of these Memoirs or historical journals were 
published as follows: 

1. Memoires of the last ten years of the reign of George the Second, 
1822. Two volumes, royal quarto, published 4 March 1822 at five 
guineas in boards (Morning Chronicle). The editor was Lord Holland. 
These two volumes were also issued as the seventh and eighth volumes 
of the Works of 1798-1825; the last sheet of the second volume con- 
tains title-pages for Vols. VI (Letters to Montagu and Cole, 1818), VII, 
and VIIL 

Copies are occasionally described as on large paper, but since the 
advertisement says nothing about such copies and since I have never 
been able to find any, I think none were printed. 

A new edition was published in 1846, in three volumes, octavo; re- 
printed in 1847; some extracts were published in the second volume of 
Classic Memoirs (New York 1901). Translated into French, in two 
volumes, in 1823. A German translation of the Memoirs of George II 
and George III was published in 1846-7. 

2. Memoirs of . . . George III, 1845. Four volumes, octavo, edited 
by Sir Denis Le Marchant; reprinted in 1851 and again (re-edited by 
G. F. R. Barker) in 1894. A reprint was published by Lea and Blan- 
chard in Philadelphia in 1845. 

3. Journal of . . . George HI from 1771 to 2783, 1859. Two 
volumes, octavo, edited by Dr. Doran. Reprinted in 1910 as Last 
Journals of Horace Walpole. 









VOL. I. 


9t&lt*$er in rttutatp to Ifrr 





FROM THE YEAB 1771 TO 1783. 



** For 'tis a chronicle of day by day." SHAKSPEARE, Tempest. 

** On prevoioit que la patne allait 6tre sacrifice & la dignite de ia famillf 
royale, dont la veritable gloire est de se sacrifier toujours au bonneur de In 
patrie." VIB r>R MAINTBNON; torn, v., page 18. 






$hibli$bcr in Orbinarp to 16 

The right nf Translation 




These notes were communicated to the Philobiblon Society by R. S. Turner, 
The pamphlet was issued separately, and also in the Miscellanies of the Philobib- 
lon Society, Vol. XI. An earlier and less correct edition had been printed in the 
tenth volume. 

HW's copy (SH Sale, vii.4o; i.e., London Sale 1056) is now in the British Mu- 


These notes were edited by Sir William A. Fraser, Bt., from HW's set of Pope's 
Works, 1742-51, then in his possession, and printed in 1871 in an edition of 
fifty copies. In 1876 a more complete text was reprinted in an edition of 300 
copies. HW's set is now WSL. In the Huntington Library Quarterly for July 1938, 
George Sherburn reprinted HW's annotations in Additions to the Works of 
Alexander Pope (2 vols. 1776), from HW's copy now in the Huntington Library. 


Dr. Paget Toynbee printed this Journal of HW's private press, from the MS 
formerly owned by Sir Wathen A. Waller, Bt. At the Waller Sale in 192 1 the MS 
was sold to Abdy (Sir Robert Abdy?) for 90; Maggs Bros., June 1933, to WSL, 


The American issue of the Journal includes important facsimiles of items in 
the collection of E. P. Merritt now at Harvard. 


In 1927 Dr. Paget Toynbee printed this valuable record, published by the 
Clarendon Press, from the original MS owned by Colonel Alan F. Maclure of 


LEWIS. 1927-40. 

In 1772 HW printed two volumes of Miscellaneous Antiquities and then 
dropped the project, both from boredom and from lack of material. In 1927 Mr. 
Lewis began to publish Walpolian oddments, chiefly from MSS in his own col- 
lection. The complete list is detailed at the end of the sixteenth volume, pub- 
lished in 1940. 1 record herewith the brief titles of all that are strictly Walpolian: 

III. A Commonplace Book of Horace Walpole's, 1927. 

V. Horace Walpole's Fugitive Verses* 1931. This volume gathers, from the 
Letters and elsewhere, HW's occasional verses. It is referred to throughout this 
bibliography as HW's Fugitive Verses. Since its publication many unpublished 
verses have come to light. 







2 vols. 1777* 
T&e pope/Tor tfth* volumes. 






M.A., F.S.A. 





VI. The Forlorn Printer . . . Thomas Kir gate, 1931. 
VII. Anecdotes Told Me by Lady Denbigh, 1932. 
VIII. Horace Walpole's Letter from Madame de Sevignt, 1933. 
XI. The Duchess of Portland's Museum, 1936. 
XII. Bentley's Designs for Walpole's Fugitive Pieces, 1936. 
XIII. Memoranda Walpoliana, 1937. 
XVI. Notes by Horace Walpole on Several Characters of Shakespeare, 1940. 


These extracts from HW's third Book of Materials, 1786, were printed at the 
Bibliographical Press in New Haven, 1937; one sheet in quarto. The MS is at 
the Folger Library. 









This handsome volume, printed at the University Press, was a semi-official 
publication of the University in honor of the marriage of the Prince of Wales. It 
includes verses in various languages, predominantly Latin, by University digni- 
taries, alumni, and students. Ashton and Gray, as well as HW, wrote in Latin; 
Gray's friend, Thomas Wharton, in Greek. 

'Short Notes': 'In 1736 I wrote a copy of Latin verses, published in the Gratu- 
latio Acad. Cantab., on the marriage of Frederic, Prince of Wales/ The verses, 
entitled simply 'Ad Principissam/ were printed on the verso of leaf O x ; they 
were reprinted in 1931, in H W's Fugitive Verses, p. 99. 

Prince Frederick and Princess Augusta were married 27 April 1736. The Cam- 
bridge volume was published late in May, and sold (according to the Gentle- 
man's Magazine) by John Crownfield. 

HW to Montagu, 20 May 1736: 'The verses are not published yet.' 

It must have been printed by 24 May 1736 when West wrote to Gray, from 
Oxford: 'Your Hymeneal I was told was the best in the Cambridge Collection 
before I saw it, and indeed, it is no great compliment to tell you I thought it so 
when I had seen it, but sincerely it pleased me best.' 

HW to Montagu, 30 May 1736: 'I shall send you soon . . . some poetry inter- 
spersed with prose: I mean the Cambridge Congratulation with die notes, as 
you desired.' 

Folio; 38 leaves, without pagination; approximately 37.7 x 24.2 cm. 

Signatures: * 2 ; B-T 2 . 

There are copies of the Cambridge Gratulatio in the British Mu- 
ll 1O 5 3 






E T 



N U P T I A S 






seum and Bodleian, and there are undoubtedly several copies in 
Cambridge libraries. A copy is at the University of Michigan, in a 
volume of pamphlets. The copy at Farmington, in contemporary 
boards covered with red silk, was sold by Spurr and Swift, August 
1931, to WSL, 2.2.0. Also at Farmington, in one of Mitford's col- 
lections, is a single leaf (Q t ) containing Gray's verses. 

H W's copy with MS notes, bound with the companion volume pub- 
lished at Oxford, is now in the Dyce Collection at the Victoria and 
Albert Museum. Dyce bought it at the SH Sale in 1842. 

FORD. 1745. 

Although John Ranby's Narrative, with its implication that Dr. Jurin's 
powerful Lithontriptic Lixivium had contributed to Lord Orford's decay, pro- 
duced a short but violent pamphlet war (a dozen pamphlets published between 
April and September) among medical men, I do not think it has ever been listed 
in a Walpolian bibliography. But on pages 15 to 32 a journal of Lord Orford's 
case from 3 February to 17 February 1745 is introduced with this statement: 
'The ensuing Journal was kept with all imaginable exactness by one of his own 
sons, as well as by myself [i.e., Ranby].' I see no reason to doubt the truth of the 
statement. For one thing Ranby is always referred to in the third person in the 
journal, whereas he uses the first person elsewhere in his Narrative. 

It would have been possible for one of the older sons, Robert or Edward, to 
keep such a journal, but it does not appear that they stayed at Arlington Street 
during their father's last illness; both were living elsewhere at the time, al- 
though they called to see their father more than once. But Horace was living 
at Arlington Street and he stayed close to his father all through February, being 
much moved by his father's suffering and much concerned about the medicines 
used. The regular notation on the progress of the case is entirely in Horace's 
manner, and is not characteristic of his elder brothers. 

In an Appendix, published later as a rejoinder to one of his attackers, Ranby 
says on page 5 that everything he printed had been confirmed *by the present 
Earl, and the greatest part of the family,' perhaps intending to differentiate from 
a later passage on page 35 where he repeats that the journal was 'kept by one 
of my Lord's sons/ 

HW to Mann, 14 January 1745: 'My father has been extremely ill this week 
with his disorder; I think the physicians are more and more persuaded that it is 
the stone in his bladder. He is taking a preparation of Mrs. Stephens's medicine, 
a receipt of one Dr. Jurin, which we began to fear was too violent for him: I 
made his doctor angry with me by arguing on this medicine, which I never could 
comprehend. It is of so great violence, that it is to split a stone when it arrives at 
it, and yet is to do no damage to all the tender intestines through which it must 




O P T H E 





From May 1744, to the Day of his De* 
cede, March the Eighteenth following* 


Principal SERJEANT SURGEON to H5s 
MAJESTY, and F,.R. 


Printed for JOHN and PAWI, KMAPTOU, in 
Ludyate Street. M.DCC.X-LV. 

(Price One Shilling.) 


first pass. . . . ' Years later, in annotating the poems of Sir C. H. Williams, HW 
asserted categorically that his father had been 'killed by Jurin's medicine* 
(Works of Sir C. H. Williams, 1822, 1.206). He said the same thing in a note to his 
Memoirs for 1751. 

HW to Mann, 28 February 1745. 'I have been out but twice since my father 
fell into this illness, which is now near a month; and all that time either con- 
tinually in his room, or obliged to see multitudes of people* . . . ' 

It seems extremely likely to me that the journal printed by Ranby was written 
by HW, and that the book therefore deserves to be in a Walpolian bibliography. 
Perhaps the chief objection to including it is the presence of two copies in HW's 
library, with no comments whatsoever in either one. 

Octavo in half-sheets; published 10 April 1745; approximately 21.3 x 

13.5 cm. uncut. 
Signatures: [A]-G 4 . 
Pagination: [i] half-title; [ii] blank; [iii] title-page; [iv] blank; [v viii] 

Preface; 147 text; [48] advertisements. One folded plate facing 



Copies on large paper, royal octavo, lack the price at the bottom of 
the title-page. These were perhaps especially for the author's own use; 
one of HW's copies is on large paper. 

In some copies, 'of in the first line on page 6 is misprinted 'fo.' 
A portrait of Lord Orford engraved by Proud, probably copied 
from another engraving, is inserted as a frontispiece in one copy. Al- 
though this may have been published by the Knaptons, it was not 
originally issued with Ranby's Narrative. 


The second edition with an Appendix, the latter sold separately to 
those who wanted it, was published in August. 


i. HW's copy, bound with Ranby's Appendix, ten other pamphlets on 
Ranby's Narrative, and two related tracts. Original half-calf, with HW's book- 
plate. SH Sale, iii.6g, to Buckingham Palace Library (with other lots comprising 
in all 102 volumes of tracts), 86.12.6; the collection was sold through Quaritch, 
ca. 1920, to Sir Leicester Harmsworth; the trustees of Sir Leicester Harmsworth's 
estate sold these volumes (now 88), together with HW's Tracts of George III, 
through Quaritch to WSL in 1938. 


2. HW's copy, on large paper, bound with An authentick copy of the last Will 
and Testament of . . . R[obert] E[ar]l of O[rford]. Old calf; bookplate of C. G. 
Milnes Gaskell. Probably SH Sale, vi.66, to Thorpe, 2 (with two other volumes); 
Hodgson's, 28 February 1924 (Milnes Gaskell Sale); Spurr and Swift, April 1926, 
to WSL. 

3. William Cole's copy, in a volume of ten tracts, rebound in the nineteenth 
century and marked 'Miscellanies.' Bookplate of Lord Rosebery. Offered by 
B. White, 1784 (Cole's library), lot 8785, for g/-; Sotheby's, 29 June 1933 (Rose- 
bery Sale), in a collection of miscellaneous volumes; Stonehill, July 1933, to 
WSL, $12. 

41. GRAY'S ELEGY. 1751. 

A complete study of the Elegy, its composition and editions, belongs in a 
bibliography of Gray; but because HW arranged the publication with Dodsley, 
supplied the MS, and (presumably) wrote or edited the brief Advertisement pre- 
fixed to the poem in the early editions, the first edition belongs in a Walpolian 
bibliography.* The three extant MSS of the poem were printed in type and 
edited in 1933 by R. Fukuhara and H. Bergen; the poem's date has been bril- 
liantly discussed by Mr. Garrod in Essays presented to D. N. Smith., 1945. 

Gray to HW, 1 1 February 1751: 'Yesterday I had the misfortune of receiving a 
letter from certain gentlemen (as their bookseller expresses it) who have taken 
the Magazine of Magazines into their hands. They tell me that an ingenious 
poem, called, Reflections in a Country-Churchyard, has been communicated to 
them, which they are printing forthwith. ... I have but one bad way left to 
escape the honour they would inflict upon me, and therefore am obliged to 
desire you would make Dodsley print it immediately (which may be done in 
less than a week's time) from your copy, but without my name, in what form 
is most convenient for him, but in his best paper and character. He must correct 
the press himself, and print it without any interval between the stanzas . . . 
and the title must be: Elegy, wrote in a Country Church-yard. If he would add 
a line or two to say it came into his hands by accident, I should like it better. . . . 
If Dodsley don't do this immediately, he may as well let it alone.' 

Dodsley and HW worked to such good effect that the first edition was pub- 
lished 15 February, one day before the unauthorized edition in the Magazine of 

Gray to HW, 20 February 1751: 'You have indeed conducted with great 
decency my little misfortune. . . . Nurse Dodsley has given it a pinch or two in 
the cradle [misprints], that (I doubt) it will bear the marks of as long as it lives. 

* It is likely that HW negotiated with Dodsley about publishing the Eton Ode (30 
May 1747), inasmuch as Gray wrote to HW in June 1747 of 'your kind offices' as if 
they had just been exerted in his behalf. But the poem as published has no ascertainable 
Walpolian contribution. 

Gray gave Dodsley the copyright for all his poems except the SH Odes, for which 
Dodsley paid him 40. 

A N 



Country Church Yard 

L N D ON: 
Printed for R. Dors LEY in Pett-matt ; 

And lold by M. COOPER in Pater-nofter-Rwo* 1751. 

I Price Six-pence. J 



But no matter ... it will only look the more careless and by accident as it were. 
I thank you for your advertisement, which saves my honour/ In a later letter, 3 
March 1751, Gray records four errors. One of these ('hidden' for 'kindred') was 
corrected in the second edition; the others were corrected in the third edition, 
which also introduces several other changes. 

Quarto; approximately 27.8 x 22 cm. uncut; published 15 February 

1751, at sixpence. 
Signatures: [A] 4 ; B 2 . 
Pagination: [i] title-page; [2] blank; [3] HW's Advertisement; [4] 

blank; [s]-n text; [12] blank. 


Much nonsense has been written concerning the 'first issue* of the 
first edition, with the reading 'hidden Spirit' instead of 'kindred Spirit/ 
But I cannot find that the first edition ever has the reading 'kindred.' 

The first three editions were in fact printed from standing type: for 
the second edition the title-page was reset and 'hidden' corrected; for 
the third edition a dozen other corrections were made in the text, pre- 
sumably in response to a letter from Gray. (The page numbers were 
reset in the second edition.) In other words, the Elegy went through 
three 'impressions/ with corrections, but since each new 'impression' 
received an edition number on the title-page, it is simpler to refer to 
'editions/ Within the first edition, although catalogues like to boast 
that in a particular copy the word 'Finis' has punched through the 
paper or that the letter Y in the catchword on page 9 is in perfect 
alignment, I do not know that any significant indications of priority 
of issue exist. 

The editions can be dated from the newspaper advertisements as 
follows: ist edition, 15 February; 2d edition, 25 February; gd edition, 
14 March; 4th edition (ist setting), not until 7 April; 4th edition (pre- 
sumably the 2d setting), 1 1 May. 

The fourth (both settings) and later editions, though in the same 
format, were entirely reset. Mr. F. G. Stokes, in his exhaustive bibliog- 
raphy of the Elegy (1929), records the textual history of the poem 
during Gray's lifetime. In Robinson's Catalogue 59 (1936) what was 
described as Gray's copy of Dodsley's Collection of Poems., 1758, was 
offered; in the text of the Elegy Gray had made some corrections 
in MS. 


Somewhat strangely, I have found no records of copies with any 
important contemporary association. (A presentation copy of the sixth 
edition Trom the Author' was offered at Sotheby's in 1927.) I do not 
doubt that Gray and HW owned copies, but I have no record of them. 
Yet even without association value, the Elegy has maintained a con- 
sistently high price, not because of extreme rarity but because it is so 
highly regarded. In the last twenty-five years one or two copies have 
been sold at auction each year, seldom bringing less than $1000, and 
any well-described copy brings several thousand dollars; the highest 
price on record seems to be in the Kern Sale in January 1 929, $ 1 2, i oo. 
No other eighteenth-century printed volume that has survived in such 
numbers is in this class, save possibly the Kilmarnock Burns. 


'Short Notes': 'This year [1753] I published a fine edition of six poems of Mr. 
T. Gray, with prints from designs of Mr. R. Bentley.' The four-page Explanation 
of the Prints was by HW himself. 

Gray's hesitancy about publication and his nervous particularity about the 
text are fully documented in his Correspondence. There is a good summary in 
Straus's Dodsley, 1910, and also in Mr. R. Fukuhara's careful monograph in 
Japanese, Tokyo 1933. I quote only enough extracts to set forth the progress of 
the publication. 

HW to Montagu, 13 June 1751: 'Our charming Mr. Bentley ... is drawing 
vignettes for his [Gray's] Odes; what a valuable MS I shall have!' 

Gray to HW, 8 September 1751: 'I send you this ["Hymn to Adversity"] (as 
you desire) merely to make up half a dozen, though it will hardly answer your 
end in furnishing out either a head or tail-piece/ 

HW to Montagu, 6 June 1752: 'Mr. Bentley is with me, finishing the drawings 
for Gray's Odes; there are some mandarin-cats fishing for goldfish which will de- 
light you/ 

Gray to HW, 8 July 1755: 'I am surprised at the print [Grignion's engraving 
of Bentley's tail-piece for the Elegy], which far surpasses my idea of London 
graving. . . . Mr. Bentley (I believe) will catch a better idea of Stoke House from 
any old barn he sees, than from my sketch; but I will try my skill.' The drawing 
that Gray sent is preserved in HW's copy of the book, now WSL; it was repro- 
duced in Correspondence of Thomas Gray, ed. Toynbee and Whibley, 1935, 

Gray to HW, July 1752: 1 do not wonder at Dodsley [who thought the plan 
too elaborate for so slender a body of verse]. You have talked to him of six odes. 
. . . He has reason to gulp when he finds one of them only a long story. . . . 


B Y 




B Y 

Mr. T. G R A Y. 

L O N D- O N : 
Printed for R. DODSLEY, in PaH-malL 

42- REDUCED. \\ r !DTH OF ORIGINAL 14.6 OH. 


Pray, when the fine book is to be printed, let me revise the press, for you know 
you can't; and there are a few trifles I could wish altered. . . . My compliments 
to Mr. Bentley.' 

HW to Montagu, 28 August 1752: 'The Poemata Grayo-Bentleiana ... are 
in great forwardness, and I trust will appear this winter/ 

Gray to HW, 17 December 1752: 'I sent to Dodsley some time since, who wrote 
to me by your order, what little alterations I had to make. . . . He tells me now, 
he could finish in a fortnight, if I were in town, but this would be very incon- 
venient to me at present; so I must have the sheets sent me to correct hither, and 
I suppose it may come out in less than a month. ... I have just received the 
first proofs from Dodsley. I thought it was to be a quarto, but it is a little folio. 
The stanzas are numbered, which I do not like.' The numbering of the stanzas 
was eliminated. 

Gray to Dodsley, 12 February 1753: 'I am not at all satisfied with the title. To 
have it conceived that I publish a Collection of Poems (half a dozen little matters 
. . .) thus pompously adorned would make me appear very justly ridiculous. I 
desire it may be understood . . . that the verses are only subordinate, and ex- 
planatory to the drawings. ... I shall be contented with three copies. ... I will 
again put down the title: Designs by Mr. R. Bentley for Six Poems of Mr. T. 
Gray.' Presumably Dodsley's proposed title had read: Poems by T. Gray, etc. 
HW replied to Gray's complaint, 20 February 1753. 

Gray's next worry was Dodsley's plan to prefix an engraving by Miiller of 
Eckhardt's portrait. Dodsley felt that half a guinea was a high price for so slim 
a book, and that a fine portrait would help to justify or excuse the price (HW to 
Gray, 20 Feb. 1753). But when Gray saw a proof of the portrait, he wrote to HW, 
13 February 1753: 'Sure you are not out of your wits! This I know, if you suffer 
my head to be printed, you infallibly will put me out of mine. I conjure you 
immediately to put a stop to any such design. ... I am extremely in earnest. . . . 
I had wrote to Dodsley to tell him how little I liked the title he had prefixed, but 
your letter has put all that out of my head. If you think it necessary to print these 
"Explanations" for the use of people that have no eyes, I could be glad they 
were a little altered.' HW preserved. a proof of the suppressed portrait in his 
own copy of the book, and Gray and Kirgate did likewise; a number of other 
copies are known. 

Bentley's drawings were faithfully engraved by Johann Sebastian Miiller (or 
Miller) and by Charles Grignion. HW pasted the full set of completed drawings 
in a copy of the book, in place of the engravings. He preserved two prelimi- 
nary sketches (the tail-piece for the 'Long Story') in his scrapbook of Bentley's 
drawings, now WSL. Kirgate, who did not come to SH until 1765, managed to 
adorn his own copy of the book, now WSL, with four of Bentley's sketches and 
several proofs. 

The book is properly regarded as a landmark in the history of English book- 
illustration, although it has recently been described in print as 'quaint and 
sometimes greatly overrated/ But the best of Bentley's drawings for the 'Ode on 



the Death of Selima' seem to me in their ironic incongruity imaginatively suited 
to Gray's mock-heroic lines. If Gray's 'Stanzas to Mr. Bentley' were sincere, we 
must at least grant that he was delighted by the drawings, however dubious he 
may have been about his own poems. The book was handsome, however ex- 
pensive. Griffiths wrote in the Monthly Review for July, 1753: 'We have now 
before us one of the most elegant publications that our country hath produced 
for some years past: whether we consider the beauty of the printing, the genius 
that appears in the designs for the cuts, or the masterly execution of most of 
the engravings. Nor will the connoisseur in prints, we are persuaded, think the 
price . . . too high: whatever may be the judgment of the mere poetical pur- 
chaser, to whom it may appear somewhat rare to pay half a guinea for thirty-six 
pages of verse/ The volume seems likely to continue to attract collectors of Gray 
and connoisseurs of prints, who will not think it 'rare to pay half a guinea for 
thirty-six pages of verse/ Indeed, it has recently received praise from Sir Kenneth 
Clark and other critics. 

Despite the doubts of publisher and reviewer, three editions were soon needed 
(see STATES AND VARIANTS below), and new editions were published in 1765 and 
1766. James Dodsley then felt that the plates had served their purpose, for Gray 
wrote to HW, 25 February 1768: 'Dodsley told me in the spring [of 1767] that the 
plates from Mr. Bentley's designs were worn out, and he wanted to have them 
copied and reduced . . . for a new edition. I dissuaded him. . . /So Dodsley 
published Gray's Poems in 1768 without illustration, but after Gray's death 
Bentley's plates were republished in 1775 and 1789. 

Folio (actually imperial quarto printed in half-sheets, but cut so that 
its proportions make it look like a folio. See Gray's letter, 1 7 Decem- 
ber 1753, quoted above. Dodsley's advertisement describes it as royal 
quarto); published by Dodsley, 29 March 1753, at 10/6 sewed. Ap- 
proximately 39.5 x 28 cm. uncut. 

Twenty half-sheets, printed without signatures. 

Pagination: Half-title and title-page, with versos blank; [i-iv] HW's 
Explanation of the Prints (often bound at end); [i]~ [36] (numbered 
leaves, with versos blank) text. 

Six plates. 


There are three distinct editions dated 1753, but since the wording 
of the title-page is identical in all three and all three have been sold as 
first editions, it seems easier to describe the editions and discriminate 
among them as if they were different states. There are no special copies 
on large paper or on thick paper, despite frequent descriptions of such 
copies in catalogues; but an untrimmed copy has very wide margins 


and an unpressed one may seem unusually bulky. Dodsley's advertise- 
ment in the Daily Advertiser describes the book precisely: 'Elegantly 
printed in royal quarto; Price sewed 10/6.' 

1. The first of the three editions can be identified readily by the 
half-title, which reads: 'Drawings, &c/ In all other editions the half- 
title is, more correctly, 'Designs, &c/ On page 28 of the first edition the 
heading reads: 'ELEGY / Written in a Country Church Yard/ In all 
other editions the heading reads: 'ELEGY / WRITTEN IN A / 
COUNTRY CHURCH YARD/ The three rows of printer's flowers 
in the Explanation of the Prints are uniform in the first edition. A 
number of smaller typographical points are peculiar to the first edition, 
but they are not especially significant.* 

This edition is established as the first by H W's two copies, described 
below. There are also at Farmington three other copies of this edition, 
inscribed respectively: *Edw. Mathew 1753'; 'Mrs. Vesey'; 'Given by 
Horace Walpole to the Count St. Germain and by him to the Marquis 
St. Simon 1 754.' Other copies of this edition are in the British Museum, 
Library of Congress, Boston Public Library, Harvard, Michigan, and 
University of Rochester. I purchased a good but broken-backed copy 
for $ 1 1 in 1 944, not to establish it as the 'genuine first' but to use it in 
teaching. A facsimile of the title-page was published in the second 
edition of Austin Lane Poole's Poems of Gray, 1926, and also in A. F. 
Bell's edition of Gray's Poems, 1915. 

2. Discrimination between the other two editions dated 1753 is 
simple enough, but their order is not certainly established. The book 
must have been unexpectedly popular, since there are separate dated 
editions, not variant issues, in 1 765 and 1 766. If two editions were then 
called for, twelve years after the first edition, it is not hard to believe 
that Dodsley may have reprinted twice in 1753 or 1754. Dr. Johnson 
says in the 'Life of Gray': 'I believe the poems and the plates recom- 
mended each other so highly that the whole impression was soon 
bought/ I have found no advertisements after the customary few in- 

* Mr. R. Fukuhara, in his Bibliographical Study of Thomas Gray, published in Japa- 
nese in 1933, noticed that the half-title was 'Drawings' in some copies and 'Designs' in 
others, but I think he did not perceive that they were entirely distinct editions. 

A facsimile of the title-page is in all three editions of Austin Lane Poole's Poems of 
Gray, but the publisher prepared a new plate each time; by the curious operation of 
bibliographical chance in the selection of copies, these three plates reproduce the three 
different printings dated 1753. 


sertions when the book was first published, but the existence of three 
independent printings dated 1753 seems conclusive evidence. Further- 
more, if Gray wrote his bibliographical note on the margin of the 
Pembroke MS (reprinted in Lane Poole's edition of the Poems and 
elsewhere) before 1765, and I believe from its arrangement with in- 
sertions that most of it was certainly written before 1759, his reference 
to the Designs 'of which there is a ad edition' means that he knew 
of the first reprinting. There can be no question of piracy, since all 
editions use the same plates; and since I can find no hint that these 
reprints were prepared after Dodsley's death in 1764 to deceive col- 
lectors, I believe all three editions were printed in 1753 or 1754. 

What I think is the second edition has the same rows of printer's 
flowers, in HW's Explanation of the Prints, as the first edition; but in 
the rows on the third and fourth pages an exclamation point is in- 
serted. In setting page 26 the compositor ran out of the letter *d' and 
so used an inverted *p' for the letter *d' the last seven times on the page. 

In placing this edition second, I reverse the order I suggested in the 
Times Literary Supplement, 3 February 1945. The paper seems identi- 
cal in this edition and the first; slightly different in the third. Typo- 
graphically, these two editions are closely related, whereas the third 
edition introduces some dozen new readings (mere variants of spelling 
or capitalization). The reprint of 1765 agrees generally with the first 
two editions, and was presumably set up from one or the other. The 
reprint of 1766, on the other hand, reproduces about half of the new 
readings in the third edition and was perhaps set up from it. 

Copies of this second edition seem about as plentiful as the first 
edition. I have examined copies at Columbia (Typographical Li- 
brary), the New York Public Library, the Morgan Library, the New- 
berry Library, the University of Chicago, Harvard and Yale. Buxton 
Forman's copy, now WSL, has the head-piece to the Elegy inverted, on 
page 28 not perhaps an astonishing variant in a hastily reprinted 
edition. A facsimile of the title-page of this edition was published in 
the first edition of Austin Lane Poole's Poems of Gray, 1917. 

3. The third edition seems to be distinctly less common. One copy 
is in the Spencer Collection of the New York Public Library, and 
another copy is at Farmington. In this printing the half-title and the 
heading on page 28 agree with the second edition; but page 26 uses a 


correct 'd' throughout and in the Explanation of the Prints one 
smaller piece is inserted in each row of printer's flowers (an exclama- 
tion point in the second edition). A facsimile of the title-page was pub- 
lished in the third edition of Austin Lane Poole's Poems of Gray, 1937. 


1765. The six poems are printed on one side of the sheet as in the 
editions of 1753, but at the end are the two Odes of 1757, printed on 
both sides. I have seen a copy of this edition, owned in 1944 by the 
Brick Row Book Shop, in which the tail-piece on page 27 is printed 
upside down. 

1766. Similar to the edition of 1765; but the text is closer to the 
third printing dated 1753 (see STATES AND VARIANTS above). The tail- 
piece on page 55, at the end of 'The Bard/ was first used in this edition. 

The editions of 1775 and 1789 are close reprints, with only very 
minor typographical changes. The edition of 1789 is on somewhat 
thinner paper, and not quite so tall. 

In 1756 the text of the Six Poems, without Bentley's illustrations, 
was reprinted in Dublin. Gosse's copy, described in Northup's Bibli- 
ography of Thomas Gray, is now at Yale. 


1. HW's copy, with his annotations; proof of Eckhardt-Miiller portrait of 
Gray. Listed in Description of SH as 'bound in marble and gilt/ but now re- 
bound in red levant morocco by Rivi&re and Son. SH Sale, iii.igs, to Thorpe, 
3.10.0 (with three other books); Sotheby's, i July 1924 (MacGeorge Sale), lot 
652, to Maggs, 36; Freeman, 23 March 1936 (C. T. Jeffery Sale), lot 179, to 
Rosenbach for WSL, $400. 

2. HW's copy, with his MS note on fly-leaf, and with Bentley's original draw- 
ings mounted in place of the engravings; Gray's rough sketch of Stoke inserted. 
HW kept this volume in the Glass Closet in his library. Original red morocco; 
bookplate of Laurence Currie. SH Sale, vii.54 (London Sale, lot 1044), to Bohn 
for Beckford, 8.8.0; Sotheby's, 3 July 1882 (Beckford Sale, Part i), lot 802, to 
Ellis and White, 20; Maggs, November 1933, to WSL, 230. 

3. Gray's copy, with HW's note on proof of Eckhardt-Miiller portrait, and 
Gray's autograph MSS (the Progress of Poesy and extra stanza of the Elegy) 
bound in. Sotheby's, 28 August 1851 (Penn Sale), lot 143, to Stephens, 2.18.0; 
Sotheby's, 22 July 1864 (George Daniel Sale), lot 738, to Harvey, 30. Rebound 
in morocco by Riviere with arms of W. A. Fraser on sides; Sotheby's, 22 April 
1901 (Fraser Sale), lot 754, to Sabin, 400; Sotheby's, 11 December 1913 (Library 
of an American amateur [Hoe]), lot 67, to Martin, 420. 


4. Presentation copy to Count St. Germain, inscribed on title-page: 'Given by 
Horace Walpole to the Count St. Germain, and by him to the Marquis St. Simon 
1754, both friends of him/ Original vellum. Purchased by WSL, in 1944. 

5. William Cole's copy, with his MS notes; calf by Kalthoeber. Offered by B. 
White, 1784 (Cole Library), lot 150, 1.11.6; Sotheby's, 26 October 1916 (Col. 
Prideaux Sale), lot 1283, to Quaritch, 1. 

6. Thomas Kirgate's copy, containing mixed sheets of the editions of 1775 and 
1789, with his MS annotations; now bound in red morocco by Riviere and Son. 
Extra-illustrated with four of Bentley's preliminary drawings and several proofs, 
a proof of the Eckhardt-Miiller portrait of Gray, and prints of numerous other 
portraits; also MS memoranda by Gray and two letters (one in Kirgate's hand) 
by HW. A copy of Gray's Odes, 1757, was removed by Rosenbach in 1934. King 
and Lochee, 4 December 1810 (Kirgate Sale), lot 406, to Baker, 5.12.6; Sotheby's, 
8 June 1825 (Baker Sale), lot 836, to Upcott, 3.13.6; Sotheby's, 3 May 1895 
(Framingham Sale), lot 394, to Pearson, 5.10.0; Rosenbach, September 1934, to 
WSL, $350. 



'Short Notes': '10 June [1757] was published a Catalogue of the collection of 
pictures of Charles the First, to which I had written a little introduction. I after- 
wards wrote short prefaces or advertisements in the same manner to the Cata- 
logues of the collections of James the Second and the Duke of Buckingham.' 

The catalogue was made by Abraham Van Der Dort, keeper of King Charles's 
collections, and prepared for the press by George Vertue. HW wrote in his Ad- 
vertisement [introduction]: '. . . transcribed by . . . Mr. Vertue . . . and was 
by him prepared for the press, part of it being actually printed off before his 
death/ Vertue died 24 July 1756. 

The publisher Bathoe bought the MSS of the three catalogues at Vertue's Sale, 
18 March 1757, and prepared them for printing. HW needed only to look over 
the MSS and write his short introductions. The three introductions are re- 
printed in the Works, 1798. 

Quarto in half-sheets; published 10 June 1757 by Bathoe, at 10/6. 
Signatures: One leaf; a 2 ; B-gE 2 ; gF 1 . 

Pagination: Title-page, with verso blank; i iv HW's Advertisement; 
[i] 182 text; 183-202 Index. 


The paper changes after p. 108, and it seems reasonably certain that 
Vertue had printed the first 108 pages. 

Some copies have inserted after HW's Advertisement eight pages 




of King CHARLES the FIRST'S 





MEDALS, and 


Now firft published from an ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT in the, 


The whole tranfcribed and prepared for the PRESS, and a great part 
of it printed, by the late ingenious Mr. VERTUE, and now 
fintthed from his Papers. 


Printed for W. BATHOE, at his Circulating Library neat 

Exeter Change > in. the Strand. 




of 'Pictures belonging to King Charles the First at his several palaces, 
appraised; and most of them sold by the Council of State/ signed A B 2 . 
This inventory, drawn up in 1 649, was probably printed soon after the 
Catalogue had been completed. Bathoe's advertisement of the cata- 
logues published by him, printed at the end of the Catalogue of the 
Duke of Buckingham's Pictures in 1759, lists a second edition that in- 
cludes the inventory of 1649; since I have never seen such an edition, 
I judge that the inventory was merely inserted in unsold copies of the 
first edition. 

A copy in the SH Sale, iv.i7o, was described as 'large paper, uncut, 
very rare/ I have no other knowledge of copies on large paper. 



The Catalogue was made by W. Chiffinch, and prepared for the press by 
Vertue. Vertue himself made the Catalogue of Queen Caroline's pictures, which 
are part o the volume. For general notes on the catalogues, see the Catalogue of 
Charles the First above. 

Quarto in half-sheets; published in April 1758 by Bathoe, at 10/6. 

Signatures: One half-sheet, unsigned; B-Oo 2 ; *A-*N 2 . 

Pagination: [i] title-page; [ii] blank; iii-iv HW's Advertisement; 

[i]-i09 text >" 110-144 Indexes; [i]~3i Queen Caroline's pictures; 

32-46 Index; 47-51 Pictures at Kensington; [52] advertisements. 
There are four double plates. 

The set-off in Signature Z suggests that it was reprinted just be- 
fore publication a cancel half-sheet. 



For general notes on the catalogues, see the Catalogue of Charles the First 

Quarto in half-sheets; published in July 1759 by Bathoe, at 6/-. 
Signatures: One half-sheet, unsigned; B-X 2 . Signature M is signed L 

in error. 
Pagination: [i] title-page; [ii] blank; [iii-iv] HW's Advertisement; 

[i]-79 text; [80] advertisements. 



O F T H E 



King JAMES the Second; 

To which is added, 



In the CLOSET of 

The late Queen CAROLINE, 

With their exa& MEASURES; 

And alfb of the PRINCIPAL PICTURES in the Palace at 


Printed forW. BATHOE, at his Circulating Library near Exefcr 
Change, in the Strand. MDCCLVIII. 



Of the Curious 


o F 


In which u included 

The valuable Collection of Sir PETER PAUL RUBENS. 


The L I FE of GEORGE VILLIERS, Duke of Buckingham, 

The celebrated Poet. 

Written by B R I A N F A I R F A X, Efq; 

And never before published. 

A Catalogue of Sir PETER LELY'S capital Colleftion of Pi&ures* 
Statues, Bronzes, &c. with the exab Meafures c>f the Figures in both 
Collections : 

the Seat of the Right Honourable the Earl of P o M F R E T ; with 
an Account of the curious antique Statues, Bufto's, Urns, &c : 

A Defcription of the CARTOONS at HAMPTON -COVRT: 
A Letter from Mr* I. T A L M A N to Dr. A L D R i c H, Dean of Chrift- Church, 
giving an Account of a fine Collection of DRAWINGS of Monfignor 
MARCHJSTTI, Bifliop of AREZZO* collected by the celebrated 
Father R s T A. 


Printed for W. B A T H o E at his Circulating Library, near EXETER- CHANCE, 

in the STRAND. 



It is convenient to record copies o the three catalogues together, since they 
so frequently occur together. A fourth volume, the Description of the Works of 
Hollar published by Vertue in 1745, is frequently counted as part of the set; a 
second edition of it was edited by Richard Gough in 1759. 

1. HW's set of the four volumes, bound in vellum; SH Sale, iv. 157-60, to 
Rodwell, 22.1.0. 

2. A set presented by HW in December 1760 to Lord Bute for the King; now 
at Windsor Castle. 

3. Upcott's set of three volumes, with his name 'William Upcott 1822* on fly- 
leaf of the Catalogue of Charles the First. Evans, 18 June 1846 (Upcott Sale), lot 
1092; rebound much later in red morocco by Riviere; Sawyer, 1926, to WSL, 

4. Gray's set of three volumes, with his MS notes; red morocco by Clarke and 
Bedford. Sotheby's, 28 August 1851 (Penn Sale), lot 126, 8.0.0; Sotheby's, i May 
1884 (Hamilton Sale), lot 2044; Sotheby's 30 June 1933 (Rosebery Sale), lot 1251, 
to Newton, 33. 

5. Catalogue of Charles I and Catalogue of Duke of Buckingham in one vol- 
ume; half calf, rebacked; a few MS notes by HW, and additional notes and cor- 
rections in another hand. Spurr and Swift, March 1932, to WSL, 5.5.0. 

6. James Bindley's set of three catalogues, rebound in one volume, with his 
note dated 1772; now in the Merritt Collection at Harvard. The set of four 
volumes was sold by Evans, 5 August 1820 (Bindley Sale, Part 4), lot 796, to 
Moltens, 4. 

7. HW's copy, with his notes, of Catalogue of Charles I, described as on large 
paper, uncut. SH Sale, iv.i7o, to Boone, 2.8.0; apparently the same copy was 
sold at Sotheby's, 8 November 1866 (Wellesley Sale), lot 48, and again at Sotheby's 
in 1881. 

8. HW's copy, with his notes, of Catalogue of James II was offered by Quaritch 
in 1909 for 21, and sold in 1919. Messrs. Quaritch first offered this copy for 
sale in 1883. 

9. HW's copy, with his notes, of Catalogue of the Duke of Buckingham is 
now in the British Museum. 

10. Thomas Kirgate's copy of Catalogue of the Duke of Buckingham was sold 
at Sotheby's, 30 June 1905 (Miscellaneous Sale), to Ellis, 1.2.0. 


HW furnished the ten-page 'Advertisement.' For description see the SH Bib- 


'Short Notes': 'About the same time [April 1758] Mrs. Porter published Lord 





Happy Refentment. 


By the late LORD 

* # * * 

Printed by S. R i c H A a D s o H, in the Year 1758. 


Hyde's play, to which I had written the advertisement/ The play had been 
given to Mrs. Porter, to be printed and sold for her benefit. 

The book is recorded in the SH Bibliography, p. 143, because it has been 
erroneously considered a product of the SH Press. HW's only contribution was 
the advertisement, along with a subscription. The advertisement is reprinted in 
the Works. 

Baker's Companion to the Playhouse says Mrs. Porter distributed three thou- 
sand copies at 5/- each, and the list of subscribers accounts for just over three 
thousand copies. The number of subscribers who are put down for four copies 
is somewhat extraordinary. Some sixteen, including HW, are down for twenty- 
one copies each; Earl Cowper is listed for twenty-one and the Countess Cowper 
for eighty; John Spencer, Esq. is listed for one hundred twenty copies. I do not 
know that any copies were sold through the booksellers; I judge that copies were 
priced at 5/- so that anybody who subscribed five guineas was automatically 
assigned twenty-one copies, and others in proportion four copies to a pound. 
The book cannot be considered rare to-day. 

Royal octavo in half-sheets. 

Signatures: One leaf; a-b 4 ; c 2 ; B-L 4 ; M 8 . 

Pagination: Title-page, with verso blank; [i]-xvi List of subscribers; 
[xvii-xviii] HW's Advertisement; [xix] Prologue; [xx] Dramatis 
Personae; [i]-83 text; [84-85] Epilogue; [86] blank. 

The title-page appears to have been printed with Signature M. 


A copy on large paper is recorded in the British Museum's Cata- 
logue, but it is on the same royal paper that is used in all copies I have 

I have seen two copies in which some signatures (B D in both, and 
H in one copy) have been reset; it seems likely that this does not indi- 
cate a new issue, but a reprinting of a few signatures when the sub- 
scription list grew beyond expectation. In addition to numerous small 
differences in text, the reprinted signatures can be identified by the 
head-piece on p. 20 (a cherub's head with wings), whereas in the first 
printing the head-piece on p. 20 is the same as that used for Acts 3, 4, 
and 5; in the reprinted Signature H the tail-piece on p. 52 is an urn, 
whereas in the first printing the tail-piece is the same bearded head 
as that used for Acts 2, 4, and 5. There seems no doubt, bibliographi- 
cally, that the first printing is the one in which the head- and tail-pieces 
are uniform. 




1. Mr. Francis Edwards in 1913 offered for sale the author's presentation copy 
to Mrs. Porter. 

2. A copy described as having a name on title and presentation inscription on 
fly-leaf was sold at the American Art Association, 7 January 1927 (Isham Sale), 
lot 24, $5. 

3. HW's copy was bought at the SH Sale, vi.2g, by Dr. Philip Bliss of Oxford. 


HW furnished the 'Advertisement/ For description see the SH Bibliography, 
p. 42. 


'Short Notes': '22 November [1758] was published a pamphlet written by Mr. 
R. Bentley, called Reflections on the Different Ideas of the French and English 
with Regard to Cruelty. It was designed to promote a bill (that I meditated) 
of perpetual insolvency. I wrote the dedication. It was not printed at Strawberry 
Hill/ In a note in the Waldegrave MS, HW says much the same thing. 

Isaac Reed's note in his copy (now WSL): 'This pamphlet was written by the 
late Horace Earl of Orford. The original copy in his own hand writing is now 
in the possession of Mr. Bedford. It was printed by means of Mr. Bedford's 
father who was deputy to Lord Orford as Usher of the Exchequer and intimate 
with the Tbnsons. It was the custom of Lord Orford to employ this gentleman 
to get pamphlets [etc.?] printed for him which he did not wish to be known as the 
author. Several proofs of this are now in Mr. Bedford's possession. . . . Mr. 
Bedford Senr. collected the present piece and others (most of which I believe to 
have been Lord Orford's) into a volume/ HW was the author of the dedication 
only, not of the whole pamphlet; but 'most of Reed's note, written in 1801, seems 
accurate. The copy in HW's hand, however, if it was owned by Charles Bedford 
in 1801, has not been traced. 

Reed was not the only man who, knowing HW had something to do with 
Bentley's pamphlet, named HW as the author. Kirgate, in a note written for 
Richard Bull and now preserved in the Huntington Library, includes it in a 
list of three anonymous pieces he assigns to HW. 

Octavo in half-sheets; approximately 22. 2 x 13.5 cm. uncut; published 
at sixpence, 22 November 1758, with title-page dated 1759. 

Signatures: [A]-E 4 . 

Pagination: [i] half-title; [2] blank; [3] title-page; [4] blank; [5-6] 
Dedication by HW, signed 'Unknown'; [7]~39 text; [40] blank. 


i. Isaac Reed's copy, with his MS note; half calf, uncut; half-title wanting. 


O N T H E 




In regard, toCRUBi/tv; 


Some Hints for improving our Humanity 
in a particular Branch. 

By a Man* 


Pouted for J. and R. TON SON in the Straftd. 



King and Lochee, 18 November 1807 (Reed Sale), lot 3279 (sold with Hayter's 
Essay on Liberty of the Press), 6/-; in Lord Carlingford's collection, with his 
bookplate, and then in Lord Strachie's collection; Lord Strachie, December 1943, 
to WSL, in a collection. 

There is a good, rebound copy with half-title at the John Crerar Library in 
Chicago. The printed catalogue of the British Museum lists two copies under 
'Man* [from the title-page], and by a queer cataloguing error ascribes the book 
to Horace Walpole, 5th Earl of Orford. 



HW wrote the Dedication and 'Advertisement/ and edited the whole MS. 
For description see the SH Bibliography, p. 68. 



HW furnished the complimentary verses to Lady Temple. For description see 
the SH Bibliography, pp. 72-77. 

On p. 76, Copy 9, marked by HW 'The only copy I have left/ was sold by 
Scribner's to Robert Hartshorne; at the Hartshorne Sale, 3 November 1945, it 
was purchased by WSL for $55. Properly enough, Signature F of this copy is in the 
second state. Richard Bull's copy in red morocco, sold by Lewis Buddy in 1909, 
was purchased privately by WSL in August 1944 for $50; in this copy Signature 
F is likewise in the second state. 

Another slight variant of Signature F was offered for sale by Peter Murray 
Hill in 1945 and is now WSL. 

52. HOYLAND'S POEMS. 1769. 

HW furnished the 'Advertisement/ For description see the SH Bibliography, 
p. 85. 


HW to William Cole, 20 August 1768: 'Mr. Granger is printing his laborious 
and curious catalogue of English heads. . . / 

Granger's Letters, published in 1805 ^7 J* P* Malcolm, show how assiduously 
he sought for help, especially for his Supplement. He spent some seven years on 
his materials, and asked HW to read his MS in 1764. William Cole, among many, 
wrote Granger repeatedly after 1768, enclosing notes and advice. Davies the 
publisher wrote Granger, 4 February 1769, to say that the book was twice as long 
as Hamilton, the printer, had at first calculated; hence the decision to print 
each volume in two parts. Davies also recorded a good deal of the printing and 







CHARACTERS difpofed in different CLASSES, and 
adapted to a METHODICAL CATALOGUE of Engraved 


An ESSAY towards reducing our BIOGRAPHY to SYSTEM, 
and a Help to the Knowledge of PORTRAITS. 


Variety of ANECDOTES, and MEMOIRS of a great Number of PERSONS, 
not to be found in any other Biographical Work. 

With a PREFACE, (hewing the Utility of a Colleaion of ENGRAVEDPORTRAIT* 
to'fupply the Defet, and anfwer the various Purpofes, of MEDALS. 

By the Rev. J. GRANGER, Vicar of Shiplake, in Oxfordfhire, 

Animain piftura pafcit inani. VIR.G. 

Ceiebrare domeftica fafta. HoIU 

VOL. I. 


Printed for T. DAVIES, in Rufiel-Street, Covcnt-Garden. 





T O A 


Referred to their proper Places in that Work; 








not yet engraved, 

Communicated, by the Honourable HORACE WALPOLE, to the Author, 



Printed forT. DAVIES, Roflel-Street, Covent-Garden ; J. ROBSON, New Bond-Street j 
G.RoBiK$OK > Patcr-DofteriRow;T.BECKET f T.CADBLL,andT* EVANS, Strand, 



publishing history: the whole edition seems to have been 750 copies; in July 
1769 no more than 300 sets were unsold; in October about 160, and 40 of the 
sets printed on one side, were unsold; in February 1770 there were 140 and 20 
sets, respectively. By March, when he had had returns from booksellers, however, 
Davies estimated that at least 240 copies were still unsold, and plans for printing 
a new edition were therefore delayed. The work sold well enough, though slowly, 
and Granger made a profit of 400 in the first two years after publication. 

HW to William Cole, 27 May 1769: 'Mr. Granger has published his catalogue 
of prints and lives down to the Revolution, and as the work sells well, I believe, 
nay, do not doubt but we shall have the rest [the continuation]. There are a few 
copies printed but on one side of the leaf. As I know you love scribbling in such 
books as well as I do, I beg you will give me leave to make you a present of one 
set. I shall send it in about a week to Mr. Gray, and have desired him, as soon 
as he has turned it over, to convey it to you. I have found a few mistakes, and you 
will find more. To my mortification, though I have four thousand heads, I find 
upon a rough calculation that I still shall want three or four hundred.' 

HW read and annotated the MS, and Granger says in his Preface: 'My thanks 
are in a particular manner due to Mr. Walpole, who with his own hand did 
me the honour to add to the catalogue a description of many heads not found 
in Mr. West's collection.' Cole in thanking HW for his present says: 'I shall 
forever value them the more . . . for your polishing part of them, for I am 
pretty clear I see your pencil in some parts of them.' 

The dedication to HW is briefly appropriate. See HW to Cole, 14 June 1769: 
*I did my utmost to dissuade Mr. Granger from the dedication, and took especial 
pains to get my virtues left out of the question; till I found he would be quite 
hurt if I did not let him express his gratitude. . . . ' 

HW to Mann, 6 May 1770: 'Another rage is for prints of English portraits. . . . 
Lately, I assisted a clergyman in compiling a catalogue of them; since the publi- 
cation, scarce heads in books, not worth threepence, will sell for five guineas.' 


Davies to Granger, 27 October 1770: *I heartily wish your Supplement were 
ready to put to the press. I cannot publish an edition of your book in octavo 
before the other has been offered to the publick. I arn determined to print the 
octavo edition immediately after the quarto Supplement has made its appear- 
ance/ He did just this; or rather, he printed the second edition in 1774 but de- 
layed its publication until 1775. Cadell and others shared in publishing the 

HW to Mason, 8 December 1773: 'Mr. Granger teases me to correct catalogues 
of prints/ 

HW to Sir John Fenn, 17 September 1774: 'Mr. Granger, I see by the papers, 
has published his Supplement. I have not yet received it. I am sorry his book- 
seller has quoted me for the list of unengraved portraits. It did not deserve such 

HW to Cole, 11 October 1774: 'Have you seen Mr. Granger's Supplement? 


Methinks it grows too diffuse/ Davies the publisher had also been alarmed by 
Granger's diffuseness; see Granger to HW, 30 January 1772: 'As Mr. Davies is 
desirous of printing the Supplement . . . with all expedition, I am emboldened 
... to beg the favour of you to cast an eye over the papers that accompany 
this letter, before they go to the press/ Presumably this letter was prompted by 
a letter from Davies to Granger, 5 November 1771: 'I begin to be impatient for 
your Supplement: I am afraid you are too solicitous to make improvements, 
and to collect additional matter/ 

After Granger's death in 1776, his MSS were purchased by Lord Mountstuart. 
James Boswell, at Lord Mountstuart's request, wrote to Dr. Johnson to inquire 
about a possible editor for the materials. In 1806 the Rev. Mark Noble did make 
use of the MSS in editing his continuation of Granger. 

It was Granger's work that encouraged the style of extra-illustrating and gave 
it the name of Grangerizing. 

In a note on pp. 219-20 of the first volume Granger told the story of HW's 
narrow escape at Dr. Mead's Sale, when his unlimited commission to Graham 
on Winstanley's Plans of Audley End was run up to 49; see HW to Bentley, 
13 December 1754. 

Two volumes in four parts, and Supplement of 1 774; post quarto; pub- 
lished 16 May 1769, two guineas in boards (the Supplement in Sep- 
tember 1774 was priced at i8/- in boards); an untrimmed copy 
measures approximately 24.5 x 19 cm. 
Signatures: Vol. I, Part i. One plate; [A] 4 ; a-b 4 ; B-Nn 4 . 
Vol. I, Part 2, Half-sheet unsigned; B-Pp 4 ; Qq 2 . 
Vol. II, Part i. Half-sheet unsigned; inserted slip; B-Qq 4 . 
Vol. II, Part 2. Half-sheet unsigned; B-Rr 4 . 
Supplement. Half-sheet unsigned; 6-3 Y 4 ; $Z 2 . 

Pagination: Vol. I, Part i. Portrait frontispiece; title-page, with verso 
blank; Errata in Vol. I, with verso blank; Dedication to HW, 3 pp., 
with verso of second leaf blank; Plan of the Catalogue, 2 pp. ; Preface, 
13 pp.; Note, i p,; [i]-s8o text. 

Vol. I, Part 2. One blank leaf, conjugate with title-page; title-page, 
with verso blank; [281] 580 text. 

Vol. II, Part i. Title-page, with verso blank; Errata in Vol. II, 
with verso blank; inserted slip containing ' Addend, to. the Errata' 
(frequently lacking); [13303 text; [304] blank. 

Vol. II, Part 2. One blank leaf, conjugate with title-page; title- 
page, with verso blank; [3O5]~567 text; [568] blank; Index, 47 pp.; 
Advertisement, i p. 

Supplement. Title-page ('A Supplement, consisting of corrections 


and large additions . . . and a List of curious portraits of emi- 
nent persons not yet engraved, communicated by the Honourable 
Horace Walpole'), with verso blank; Advertisement, 2 pp.; [i]-533 
text, additions, index; 534~[547, i.e., 539] List of portraits not en- 
graved, communicated by HW; [540] Advertisement of Granger's 


A few copies of the original volumes, priced at three guineas, were 
printed on one side only, "for the convenience of such gentlemen as 
may chuse to place the heads near to the lives/ or, as the advertise- 
ments suggested, 'such gentlemen as chuse to cut the volumes to pieces, 
and affix the separate characters to the backs of the prints, or bind 
them up with them/ (Except for the preliminary leaves, therefore, each 
gathering of these copies comprises two quired sheets.) It was such a set 
that HW sent to Cole, and his own set described below is likewise 
printed on one side only. 


The second edition, incorporating the Supplement, was published 
in 1775, four volumes in octavo, (Twenty sets were printed on one 
side of the paper only.) The third edition was published in 1779; the 
fourth in 1 804 with an Appendix of additional matter; and the fifth 
in six volumes in 1824. Mark Noble's continuation, A Biographical 
History of England, from the Revolution to the End of George Fs 
Reign, was published in 1 806, three volumes in octavo. 

The Grangerizing flame was fanned by the publication of Richard- 
son's Collection of Portraits illustrating Granger's Biographical His- 
tory, 179^-1813, and other collections. 


1. HW's copy, four volumes printed on one side bound in quarter calf, and 
Supplement in boards; uncut. HW's signature and shelf-mark, his bookplate in 
Supplement, lists of prints that he lacked, and his extensive annotations through- 
out. Modern book label of Charles Bidwell, Ely. SH Sale, iv.y, to Thorpe, 
7.17.6; Bowes and Bowes, October 1945, to WSL, 50 (with two volumes of 
Richardson's Portraits). 

2. Another set with annotations on two pages by HW; four volumes, 1769. 
SH Sale, vii.n6 (London Sale, 1095), to Thorpe, i&/-. Now in the Morgan Col- 
lection at Princeton. 


3. Granger's copy is owned by Dr. L. F. Powell of Oxford. 

4. A set extended by about 2000 plates from five to twenty volumes, with 
specially printed titles; bound in blue morocco about 1813 by C. Smith. Sotheby's, 
29 April 1920 (Miscellaneous Sale), lot 8, to Spencer, 22; Sotheby's, 30 June 
1930 (Miscellaneous Sale), lot 551, to Halliday, 25; Halliday, March 1936, to 
WSL, 25. Two similar sets are mentioned in the article on Granger in the Dic- 
tionary of National Biography. 


HW wrote the preface to this new edition. For description see the SH Bibli- 
ography, p. 96. 


HW wrote the 'Advertisement* in No. i and the Life of Wyatt in No. 2. For 
description see the SH Bibliography, p. 99. 


HW wrote the 'Advertisement/ For description see the SH Bibliography, 
p. 103. 


'Short Notes': 'In February 1775 wrote the Epilogue to Braganza; and three 
letters to the author, Mr. Jephson, on Tragedy.' 

HW to Lady Ossory, i February 1775: 'Mr. Jephson's tragedy . . . exceeded 
my expectations infinitely. The language is noble. . . . My Irish friends, the 
Binghams, have overpersuaded me to write an epilogue, which was wanting. 
They gave me the subject, which I have executed miserably. . . . ' See also HW 
to Mme. du Deffand, 31 January 1775. 

HW to Mason, 18 February 1775: 'Braganza was acted last night with pro- 
digious success. . . . There was an excellent prologue written by Murphy. For 
my poor epilogue, though well delivered by Mrs. Yates, it appeared to me the 
flattest thing I ever heard. ... I wish it could be spoken no more.' 

HW to Jephson, 24 February 1775: 'I could not refuse Mr. Tighe's request of 
writing an epilogue, though I never was a poet, and have done writing but in 
excuse I must say I complied, only because an epilogue was immediately wanted. 
You have by this time, I fear, Sir, seen it in the newspapers: it was written in 
one evening; I knew it was not only bad, but most unworthy of such a play. . . . 
I beg your pardon, Sir; I am ashamed of it. ... For my own part, though so dis- 
content with my epilogue, I shall always be proud of having facilitated and 
hastened Braganza' s appearance on the stage by the zeal with which I solicited 
the licence. . . . ' 









printed for T. EVANS, near Yorfc-Buiidings m 

A K O 

T. DAVIE5, in Raflcl-Strect^ Covcnt-Garden 

[Price One Shilling and Six-Pence*! 



HW to Mason, 7 March 1775: 'Here is Braganza. I do not say that either the 
subject or conduct are interesting. The language is good, the poetry charming/ 

The three letters to Jephson were first published in the Works of 1798, 
11.305-314, where HW planned them as the first work to be added to what he had 
printed in his lifetime. 

Octavo in half-sheets; published by Evans and Davies, 27 February 
1775, at 1/6. 

Signatures: A-K 4 ; LA 

Pagination; [i] title-page; [ii] blank; [iii]-iv Dedication; [v~vi] Pro- 
logue, by Arthur Murphy; [vii] Epilogue, by a Friend [i.e., HW]; 
[viii] Persons; [i]~76 text. 


Three editions were published in London in 1775, and the play was 
reprinted in Dublin. HW's Epilogue was reprinted in the London 
Magazine for March 1775, and in the Works of 1798, iv.4Oo. 

Although the play represents the first publication of HW's Epilogue 
in book form, there seems no doubt that the newspapers published it 
earlier. The London Chronicle, 18 February 1775, in reviewing the 
play, said: 'A sing-song kind of epilogue, written by Mr. Horace Wai- 
pole, and spoken by Mrs. Yates, closed the entertainment'; both the 
London Chronicle and the Public Advertiser printed the Epilogue 23 
February 1775. 


i. HW's copy is in his collection called Theatre of George 3, now WSL. 


Mason was Gray's chief literary executor, and almost immediately after Gray's 
death in 1771, he began to prepare an edition of Gray's poems and a biography. 
HW offered to print such a work at the SH Press, but Mason chose to undertake 
it as a commercial project. Mason sent to HW all the passages that might be of 
interest to him, and HW responded with extensive notes and corrections in the 
proofs. The completed book is the result of Mason's efforts as amended by HW. 
The few quotations that follow will suffice to indicate the progress of the work. 

HW to William Cole, 12 August 1771: 'I am excessively shocked at reading 
in the papers that Mr. Gray is dead. . . . What writings has he left? Who are his 
executors? I should earnestly wish, if he has destined anything to the public, to 
print it at my press/ 



O F 

M R G R A Y. 





B y. 

. M A S O N, M. A, 






William Mason to HW, 28 August 1771: 1 am entrusted with all Mr. Gray's 
papers "to preserve or destroy at my own discretion," an important charge which 
I shall find myself unable to execute without the advice and assistance of his 
other friends. . . . Hitherto I have been able to do little more than to sort in 
parcels the letters of his living friends, that I may return them, or burn them as 
the parties shall direct me to do. I do not find many of yours/ 

HW to Mason, 9 September 1771: 'If he [Gray] has left anything for the press, 
I flatter myself mine will be allowed to contribute to that office. I shall be very 
happy to bear all the expense/ 

Mason to HW, 21 September 1771: 'After thanking you for the very obliging 
offer you make of publishing his poems, &c., I will with the same freedom tell 
you my opinion upon that subject. I always thought Mr. Gray blamable for 
letting the booksellers have his MSS gratisI never saw anything myself beneath 
the dignity of a gentleman in making a profit of the productions of one's own 
brain. . . . My first business therefore will be to ascertain this right [i.e., whether 
he or Dodsley controlled the copyright], and afterwards to make as much profit 
of the book as I possibly can. . . . What I have said does not in the least counter- 
act your thought of an edition from your own press and I shall be happy to con- 
sult you about it when we next meet. I only mean that the edition for public 
sale shall be contrived to be a lucrative one.' 

HW to Mason, 25 September 1771: 'I not only agree with your sentiments, 
but am flattered that they countenance my own practice. In some cases I have 
sold my works, and sometimes have made the impressions pay themselves. ... I 
am neither ashamed of being an author, nor a bookseller. ... In short, Sir, I 
have no notion of poor Mr. Gray's delicacy. ... I will beg you, Sir, when you 
come to town to bring me what papers or letters he had preserved of mine/ 

Mason to HW, 23 February 1773: 'I have altered my plan of Mr. Gray's life 
very much. ... I shall have many occasional notes to insert, which perhaps will 
be done best as the work goes through the press/ 

HW to Mason, 2 March 1773: 'What shall I say? How shall I thank you for 
the kind manner in which you submit your papers to my correction?* 

HW to Mason, 14 December 1773: 'Whenever I have the pleasure of seeing 
you, we will read over the remainder of the letters [of Gray] together, and burn 
such as you disapprove of my keeping/ 

HW to Mason, 3 April 1775: 'Well! your book is walking the town in mid- 
day. How it is liked I do not yet know/ 

Quarto; published in London 30 March 1775 by Dodsley, at is/- in 
boards. The paper is unwatermarked; an untrimmed copy measures 
27.5 x 22 cm. A trimmed copy on large paper, royal quarto, measures 
29x23 cm. 

Signatures: Half-sheet unsigned; A F 4 ; a-o 4 ; one leaf. 

Pagination: Fly-title of Memoirs, with verso blank; title-page, with 
verso blank; [i]~4i6 Memoirs of Gray; 1-112 Poems and notes; 


[113] Errata; [114] blank. The fly-title and title-page are occasion- 
ally (and correctly) reversed. 

Frontispiece: Portrait of Gray. 

Cancels: Kk 2 and h 4 ; and leaves Pp 2 and Pp s are a cancel half-sheet. 
Mason's letter to HW, 2 October 1774, is of interest: T have been 
occupied of late in filling up those chasms in the Memoirs which the 
cancelled pages required. I hope I have made them more innocent/ 


The second edition was published in London early in June, and 
there was a Dublin edition in 1775. In 1778 a reprint in four volumes, 
octavo, was published in York. Mason's work was the basis for numer- 
ous later editions. 


1. HW's copy is at Harvard. 

2. A copy on large paper, royal quarto, presented by Mason to Norton 
Nicholls, and bequeathed by Nicholls in 1809 to T. J. Mathias. Diced calf, gilt. 
Quaritch, January 1937, to WSL * 10.10.0. Since the newspaper advertisements 
and reviews make no mention of large-paper copies, I assume that there were 
very few. 

59. THE SLEEP-WALKER. 1778. 

Prefixed are HW's verses to Lady Craven. For description see the SH Bibli- 
ography, p. 114. 


COMEDY. 1780. 

The Epilogue is printed in Miss Berry's edition of the Works, 1798, iv.4O2. 
Presumably her text was printed from HW's MS. The play was acted at Drury 
Lane, 2 December 1779, and the Epilogue was spoken by HW's friend, Miss 
Farren, later Countess of Derby. 

The text, when it was published in the play in 1780, was very different from 
the text printed in 1798; only a few lines of the Prologue and a few of the 
Epilogue, of 1780, are used in the Epilogue as printed in 1798. In HW's notes 
about the printing of his Works (MS at Morgan Library), he listed 'Prologue 
and Epilogue intended for the comedy of the Times'; it seems likely from this 
note that Miss Berry rejected the texts in the printed play, and used only the 
Epilogue that she had in HW's autograph. An alternate possibility is that Miss 
Berry printed from an early draft (it is marked October 1779 in the Works), 
which HW later expanded into the Prologue and Epilogue printed in the play. 
The text reprinted by WSL, in HW's Fugitive Verses, 1931, is that of the Works. 

T H E 





T H E A T R E-R O Y A L 

I N' 

D R U R Y-L A N E. 



Printed for FIELDING and WALKER, Paternofter-Row ; 
J, DODSUSY, Pall-Mail ; T. BECKET, Strand j and 
T. DAVIES, Ruffel-Street, Covent-Gjrdent 



Octavo in half-sheets; published early in January 1780, at 1/6. 

Signatures: Four leaves unsigned; B-IA 

Pagination: [i] half-title; [ii] blank; [iii] title-page; [iv] blank; [v] vi 

Mrs. Griffith's Advertisement; vii-viii Prologue, Epilogue, and 

Dramatis Personae; [i]~ 80 text. 


The play was reprinted in Dublin, in duodecimo, in 1775. The earliest sepa- 
rate printing I have found of the Prologue and Epilogue, as they were printed in 
the play, is in the London Chronicle, i January 1780; they were also printed 
in the Town and Country Magazine for December 1779, published early in 


i. HW's copy, presented to him by the author, is in his collection called the 
Theatre of George 3, described in the SH Bibliography, p. 257. It is now WSL. 


Both HW and William Cole contributed a good deal to Cough's antiquarian 
lore, and there are repeated references to the book in the Yale edition of the 
Correspondence with Cole. As early as 7 February 1782 Cole sent a specimen 
(proof sheets) of Cough's work to HW. HW lent many drawings, and Cough 
acknowledged HW's help in his preface and on p. *g6. 

Cole communicated an extract, from HW's letter to him of 1 1 August 1769, to 
Cough, who printed it in his preface. HW was somewhat embarrassed to have his 
'hasty indigested sketches' published. See his letter to Cough, 21 June 1786. 

Imperial folio; the first part o Volume I was published in June 1786, 
by Payne, for 6.6.0. (Four additional parts were published in 
1796; Lowndes collates the set.) 

Signatures (Part I): Two leaves unsigned; A-D 2 ; a~ge 2 ; A 1 ; B K 2 ; *K X ; 
L-T 2 ; U 1 ; X 2 . Two inserted leaves signed E 2 and I 3 . 

Pagination: Half-title and title-page, with versos blank; [i]-io Pref- 
ace; 11-12 List of plates; 1314 Contents of the Introduction; fly- 
title, with quotation on verso; [i] cxciv Introduction; [cxcv]-cciv 
Appendix and Table; fly-title, with quotation on verso; 1-36, *35- 
*g6, 37-78 text. Fly-titles (signed E 2 and I 3 ), with quotations on 
versos, inserted after pp. 14 and 32. 

Plates: Forty-one plates plus engravings in text, as detailed in List of 

I N 








La Sculpture peut aufli fournir les Monumens en quantite : 'laplttpartfur les TOMBEAXJX. 








Cancels: Since the direction at the end of a sheet is not infrequently 
wrong, Gough probably revised his text after printing the preceding 
sheet. The signature is omitted on sheet p, and since the direction 
on o 2 verso is wrong, sheet p is perhaps a revised or cancel sheet. 


Many copies were destroyed by a fire in Nichols's shop, and sets were highly 
esteemed by the great nineteenth-century collectors; Lowndes records sales of 
complete sets at prices ranging from 50 to 92. But the Sir Henry Hope 
Edwardes set now at Farmington, handsomely bound in brown morocco, with 
presentation inscriptions in first and last parts to James Basire who engraved 
many of 'the plates, was purchased by WSL from Sotheran in October 1931 for 
9.9.0. HW's set, which was uncut in boards when sold, is unreported since 1842. 

62. WALPOLIANA. 1799. 

These two small volumes of miscellaneous anecdotes were compiled by John 
Pinkerton. Although they are only a somewhat poorly arranged 'lounging 
miscellany/ they include an important biographical sketch of HW and some 
important miscellaneous information. The anecdotes were first printed serially 
in the Monthly Magazine, published by Richard Phillips, March 1798 to May 
1799; and then reprinted in book form, with the biographical sketch of HW, in 
November 1799. Two volumes, in foolscap octavo, g/~ in boards. 

The volumes were printed by Bensley and published by Phillips. Pinkerton 
suppressed his own name, even from the letters addressed to him by HW. The 
engraved title-pages read only 'Walpoliana/ with no indication of the compiler. 
Pinkerton included a folded page containing engraved facsimiles of the writing 
of Gray and HW. 


A second edition, published in 1 800, is a page-for-page reprint. Some 
years later (the watermark is 1 806) this edition was reprinted (by W. 
Lewis, not by Bensley), using the engraved title-pages marked 'Second 
Edition/ The second edition is often catalogued as [1804], apparently 
because Lowndes and Allibone give that date. 

An edition was printed in Dublin in January 1 800, in one volume 
duodecimo. The printer made a cheap copy of the engraved title-page 
for Volume I, but did not attempt the plate of facsimiles. 

A miniature edition was published, by John Sharpe, in 1819. This 
was a companion volume to Sharpens new edition of HW's Reminis- 
cences, published in 1819, and the two are normally bound together. 
Sharpe printed the Letters at the end of the Reminiscences, and re- 



VOL. I. 

*M*Grj[y fhepoet,luLi oflea bbftrredtoiae.thatjf any 

man were to form . Book of wtiat- lie had feea and 

lufffiadljiinlelf , it aonit , in. iffiaatercr lunds, ^uowe a molt 
nfifid and cmtertaiiitng one. 

IVmted for R.PhiJlip.7i.SPauli Church *Sar<l. 
^K T.Bcnstfy.&ott frurf. Pint Sfrvrt 



arranged the anecdotes in Walpoliana in alphabetical order. (Another 
edition was published in 1819 in Sharpens Select Edition of the British 
Prose Writers.) 

Sharpens editions of the Reminiscences and Walpoliana were re- 
printed in Boston in one volume in 1820; and they were printed by 
Whittingham in 1830, in his Cabinet Library. 


Because of the title, it is perhaps proper to record at this point Lord Hard- 
wicke's Walpoliana, containing reminiscences of Sir Robert Walpole. This pam- 
phlet was privately printed in February 1781, and revised (with a 'Supplement') 
in 1783. HW's copy of the edition of 1781, formerly owned by Lord Rosebery, 
was given by the late Sir Hugh Walpole to the King's School, Canterbury, in 
1938. Lord Hardwicke's copy of the edition of 1783 is at Farmington. 


The SH edition of this work, printed in 1758, is properly entered and described 
in the SH Bibliography, p. 31, where this edition is only listed. 

The edition of 1807, printed at the private press of T. E, Williams at Reading, 
is important because it prints for the first time a poem by HW, addressed to 
Mrs. Porter. It seems to be genuine, even if HW did not collect it in his Works. 

The editor, Mr. Williams, printed fifty copies by hand, for presents. In his 
Preface he thanks Francis Annesley, Esq., for his remarks and corrections during 
the printing; also the Rev. Dr. Valpy, his teacher. 'The SH copy, from which 
this was taken, is in the possession of Mr. J. Hawthorne; it contains the fol- 
lowing complimentary verses addressed by Lord Orford to Mrs. Porter, the 
celebrated actress, which have never before been printed.' 

Francis Annesley was an eager SH Press collector who died in 1812; I do not 
know who Mr. J. Hawthorne was. The verses may have been written in 1743 
when Mrs. Porter retired, or perhaps more probably they were composed in 
retrospect about 1758, when HW had just printed Hentzner and Mrs. Porter had 
just distributed Lord Cornbury's Mistakes. 

Small quarto in half-sheets, printed without signatures. 

Pagination: Title-page, with verso blank; one blank leaf; [i]-2 Preface 

by editor, Mr. Williams; 3 HW's verses to Mrs. Porter; [4] blank; 

[i]-iii HW's Advertisement, first printed in 1757; [iv] blank; [i]-56 

text; [57]-58 Addenda; one blank leaf. 


The New York Public Library has two copies; one, in contemporary half 
morocco, has John Trotter Brockett's bookplate. 








Piinted at Strawberry hill, 1757* 

Reprinted at the PR i VAT P. PRESS of T. E. Williams, 






HW to Henry Fox, later Lord Holland, 6 February 1760: 1 propose some- 
time or other with your leave to come to Holland House and write a few notes 
to his poems [i.e., Williams's]; and I shall in the meantime draw up a little 
account of him, and will give it you for your manuscript. I need not say to you, 
that all this will be a secret to everybody else/ In the same letter HW enclosed 
a proposed epitaph for Williams's monument, a composition that he recorded 
in his 'Short Notes' and copied in his Book of Materials. 

The Works comprise three volumes, in small octavo, published 29 May 1822, 
by Edward Jeffery and Son, at 1.11.6. The editor was Jeffery himself. 

The notes by HW were printed by Jeffery from the MS notes in Lord Essex's 
collection at Holland House. Lord Essex was the grandson of Sir Charles Han- 
bury Williams. The Dictionary of National Biography observes that the volumes 
were 'miserably edited by Jeffery, who on 21 June 1822 had to publish an apology 
to Lord Essex/ In the British Museum is a copy of Williams's Collection of 
Poems, 1763, with annotations by HW. In the Waldegrave MS there are also 
extensive notes on Williams's life and writings. The MS that HW annotated was 
still at Holland House in 1947. 


The title-page says 'edited by Eliot Warburton/ but his only contribution was 
a short Introduction. The actual editor or compiler was Robert Folkestone Wil- 
liams. Although this biography includes little previously unpublished material, 
it is a somewhat useful gathering of information from HW's letters and from the 
recollections of many contemporaries. 

Two volumes, octavo, published by Henry Colburn, 1851. The set was pub- 
lished at 28/-, but it was reissued in a cheaper edition in 1852 at i6/~. 

At Farmington there is an extra-illustrated set bound in four volumes with 
specially printed title-pages, all dated 1852. 

Biographies of HW do not properly come within the scope of this bibliog- 
raphy; but it may be proper to remark here that after the brief 'Biographical 
Sketch' in Pinkerton's Walpoliana in 1799, there was no formal biography of 
HW until 1851. Of later biographies the most important are perhaps Austin 
Dobson's, first published in New York in 1890 and (revised by Dr. Toynbee) 
most recently in 1927; and Mr. R. W. Ketton-Cremer's, in 1940. The longest is 
that of M. Paul Yvon, in 1924. 

Another biography, principally extracts from HW's letters, was published by 
L. B. Seeley as Horace Walpole and his World, 1884. 











X N D ON: 











VOL. I. 




WALPOLE. Oxford, 1926. 

The editor was Paget Toynbee. 

For many years the legend persisted that HW had at least assisted in the 
composition of Mason's Heroic Epistle to Sir William Chambers (1773; several 
editions from standing type; fifteen editions in three years). In fact, however, he 
merely assisted in the planned mystification by pretending in letters and con- 
versation that he did not know the author. There is no indication, either, that 
HW was the author of any part of Mason's Heroic Postscript (1774; eight num- 
bered editions printed from standing type). 

'Short Notes': 'At the end of May [1779] wrote a commentary and notes to 
Mr. Mason's later poems.' 

The MS from which Dr. Toynbee printed in 1926 was in the Waller Sale in 
1921, and is now at Harvard. A first draft in HW's hand, headed 'Notes to Mr. 
W, Mason's later Poems/ was purchased by WSL in 1937 from Mrs. Richard 
Bentley, in a collection. 


Gathered here are HW's identified verses and short essays that were first 
printed in a magazine or newspaper, in order of publication. Omitted are all 
poems that were first printed in editions of the Letters or that were first printed in 
HW's collected Works. I have also omitted all items first printed as Detached 
Pieces at the SH Press: these are all gathered in the SH Bibliography, and it 
seems needlessly cumbersome to insert a reference for each item as I have for 
the books printed at the Press. 

I have likewise included here publication in anthologies like Dodsley's Mu- 
seum and his Collection of Poems, and in modern books. 

Pretended advertisement of the She- Witch from Lapland, in Daily 
Advertiser, 28 December 1741. 

HW's transcript of this short satirical piece, in the Waldegrave MS, includes a 
note that it was printed in the Daily Advertiser for 1742. 

Advertisements of monsters of one sort or another are not uncommon in 
London newspapers: learned horses, unicorns, and giants are crowded among 
advertisements for lotteries, boxing-matches, and truant apprentices. In the 
winter of 1741-42, there is a sudden outburst of such freaks: the Daily Adver- 
tiser has almost none until December 1741, but then for some months it prints 
two or three to an issue. HW, recently back from Italy, seems to have composed 
his not particularly ingenious parody after reading of the other freaks. 

Essays contributed to Old England, 1743-1749. 

'Short Notes': '18 June 1743 was printed, in a weekly paper called Old Eng- 
land, or the Constitutional Journal, my parody on some scenes of Macbeth, 
called "The Dear Witches." It was a ridicule of the new ministry. . . . 22 October 
1743 was published No. 38 of the Old England Journal, written by me to ridi- 
cule Lord Bath. It was reprinted with three other particular numbers.' 


'Short Notes': In this year (1747) and the next, and in 1749, I wrote thirteen 
numbers in a weekly paper, called Old England, or the Broad-bottom Journal, 
but being sent to jhe printer without a name, they were published horridly de- 
formed and spoiled/ 

Old England was a weekly of four pages, folio with horizontal chain-lines. 
The first number was published 5 February 1743, and it continued (with three 
changes in title and several changes in its publishing arrangements) until 7 April 
1753. The editorship is attributed both to John Banks and William Guthrie. 

HW's MSS of five numbers published in 1747, formerly in the Waller Col- 
lection, are now WSL. 

HW's transcripts of his papers are in the Waldegrave MS, and they differ con- 
siderably from the printed text. Opposite the first essay he wrote, in 1747, HW 
explained: 'These papers are here transcribed from the original copies, which 
were often altered, and sometimes very absurdly, by the editor, to whose want 
of judgment they were left/ His own printed copies of the two numbers printed 
in 1743 (18 June and 22 October) are tucked into the Waldegrave MS; the 
number for 18 June, containing 'The Dear Witches' and HW's prefatory letter, 
is inscribed: 'This belongs to George's Coffee House Temple Barr/ 

The reprint of four essays in 1743, which HW recorded in 'Short Notes' for 
that year, is a small octavo in half-sheets, containing 31 pages. The title reads: 
Four letters publish' d in Old England: or, The- Constitutional Journal, (Viz. 
of Oct. the 8th, 22d, 29th, and Nov. the 5th), London: Printed for B. Cowse, at 
the Globe in Pater-noster-Row, 1743. It was sold for sixpence. 

The fifteen numbers written by HW in 1747-49 (he said 'thirteen* in 'Short 
Notes') can be identified from his transcripts in the Waldegrave MS. They are 
Nos. 144, 147, 158, 162, 164, 166, 170, 173, 180, 182, 188, 195, 208, 217, 250. They 
were published 14 February, 7 March, 16 May, 13 and 20 June, 4 July, i and 
22 August, 10 and 24 October, and 5 December, 1747; 23 January, 23 April, and 
25 June, 1748; and 11 February 1749. 

Long runs of this very rare journal are at the British Museum, at Farmington, 
and at Yale. 

Speech in Parliament on the Hanoverian troops, 19 January 1744. 

HW to Sir Horace Mann, 24 January 1744: 'Last Thursday ... I was shut 
up in the House till past ten at night, and the night before till twelve. . . . We 
carried our own army in Flanders by a majority of 1 12. Last Wednesday was the 
great day of expectation: we sat in the committee on the Hanover troops till 
twelve at night: the numbers were 271 to 226. The next day on the report we sat 
again till past ten, the opposition having moved to adjourn till Monday, on 
which we divided 265 to 177. Then the Tories all went away in a body, and the 
troops were voted.' 

In its 'Historical Chronicle' for 19 January, the Gentleman's Magazine re- 
ports: 'The H n troops were 'voted again in the Committee of S ply, bv 

45 majority; and on the Report by above 80.' 


Wright, in his edition of HW's Letters in 1840, quotes Philip Yorke's Parlia- 
mentary Journal: 'Young Mr. Walpole's speech met with deserved applause from 
everybody: it was judicious and elegant/ 

A rough draft of HW's speech, on a loose sheet, is among the Waldegrave MSS. 

The Gentleman's Magazine for March 1744 reprinted a supposed extract from 
HW's speech, with the heading: 'H. Walelop then spoke to the following pur- 
pose/ This text is either completely imaginary or a mere fragment, and was 
probably written by Hawkesworth. 

In the London Magazine for January 1745, an entirely different speech by HW 
is printed: this text seems likely to be an accurate reproduction of the substance 
of the speech, since it resembles HW's rough draft in the Waldegrave MS. The 
same text is reprinted in John Almon's Debates and Proceedings of the British 
House of Commons (1766), i.2 15-223. 

HW's first speech in Parliament, 23 March 1742, is printed with his letter to 
Horace Mann, 24 March 1742; he himself brands the accounts of that speech 
in the magazines as wholly false. (See 'Short Notes' and his own note on the letter 
to Mann.) 

Two essays in Dodsley's Museum., 1746. 

'Short Notes': '12 April 1746 was published, in a magazine called The Mu- 
seum, my "Scheme for a Tax on Message Cards and Notes"; and soon after, "An 
Advertisement of a pretended new book/' which I had written at Florence in 

In his transcripts of the two essays in Waldegrave MS, HW explained the 
various allusions. HW there says that the 'Advertisement for a History of Good 
Breeding' was written in 1740, but his dates are not always entirely accurate 
and he was in Florence through much of 1740 and until the spring of 1741. For 
publication in 1746, he revised his MS copy somewhat. 

The Museum: or, The literary and historical register was published twice a 
month by Dodsley. It was continued through thirty-nine numbers, from March 
1746 to September 1747. Each number contained five half-sheets, in octavo. HW's 
two essays are in the second and fifth numbers; the editor's note says that the 
first one 'was designed to have been inserted in the First Number, but came too 
late.' The editor was Mark Akenside. 

Both essays were reprinted in Fugitive Pieces, 1758, and in the quarto Works 
of 1770 and 1798. 

"Verses occasion'd by a Late Will/ in London Evening Post, No. 2908, 
26 June 1746. 

The will in question was that of John Spencer, Esq., who died 19 June 1746. 
See HW to Montagu, 24 June 1746: 'The great business of the town, is Jack 
Spencer's will, who has left Althrop and the Sunderland estate in reversion to 


Pitt, after more obligations and more pretended friendship for his brother the 
Duke than is conceivable. . . . ' 

The London Evening Post, 24 June 1746, reported: 'We hear that John 
Spencer, Esq., lately deceased, has devised the Reversion of his Estate, unintail'd, 
in case his Son should die without issue, to his four Executors, viz. Lord Chester- 
field, Mr. Pitt, Dr. Stevens, and Lord Fane/ 

HW's transcript of the verses (with two other fragments) is in the Waldegrave 
MS, and a copy he clipped from the newspaper is in Lord Waldegrave's col- 
lection. The verses themselves are sufficiently undistinguished, twenty-three lines 
in heroic couplets (one triplet). 

The London Evening Post was published three times a week, in folio. The set 
at the University of Illinois includes the number for 26 June 1746. Another set 
is in the Burney Collection at the British Museum. 

'An Epistle from Florence to Thomas Ashton, Esq.' in Dodsley's Col- 
lection of Poems, January 1748, 11.305. 

This poem was written early in 1740. The text that HW transcribed in Walde- 
grave MS differs considerably from the text Dodsley printed; since in two lines 
the text of the Waldegrave MS was corrected after the Dodsley text had been 
copied in, it seems possible that the whole Waldegrave MS text is later. But this 
is somewhat speculative: it is just as possible that the text was copied in the 
Waldegrave MS first (as one would expect), then an extensively revised copy was 
given to Dodsley in 1748, and finally at some later time two corrections were 
made in the Waldegrave MS. Or, if these two corrections were made before 1748, 
HW forgot about them when he revised another copy for Dodsley. The text used 
in Dodsley is that used in HW's Fugitive Pieces of 1758, and in the Works of 
1770 and 1798. The poem was also reprinted in the first volume of Bell's Fugi- 
tive Poetry in 1789. 

Also included in Dodsley's Collection, just after the 'Epistle from Florence/ 
were reprints of 'The Beauties' and the 'Epilogue to Tamerlane/ at the end of 
the second volume. 

A complete bibliography of Dodsley's famous Collection is not needed here; 
a full description can be found in Arthur Case's Bibliography of English Poetical 
Miscellanies. HW sent a set of the first edition to Gray, who objected to the 
title vignette (the three Graces unclothed) and to the cheap paper and poor 
typography. (Correspondence of Gray, ed. Toynbee and Whibley, 1935, ^294.) 
The Graces were removed from the second edition. 

Full details of the writing and printing of the 'Epistle from Florence* may be 
found in HW's Fugitive Verses. 

Essays in The Remembrancer, 1748-49. 

.8] two paj 


'Short Notes': 'I next wrote [1748] two papers of the Remembrancer, and two 
more of the. same in the year 1749.' - 


The Remembrancer, a weekly paper somewhat in the manner of the Spectator, 
was published from December 1747 to June 1751. The editor was James Ralph. 
From June to November, 1753, Ralph published a kind of sequel, the Protester, 
in twenty-four numbers. 

HW's transcripts of his essays in the Remembrancer are in the Waldegrave MS. 
He wrote No. 32 (16 July 1748), No. 38 (27 August 1748), No. 97 (14 October 
1749), and a fourth number that was not printed. 

Essays in The World, 1753. 

'Short Notes': '8 February 1753, was published a paper I had written in a 
periodical work, called the World, published by E. Moore. I wrote eight more 
numbers, besides two that were not printed then; and one containing a char- 
acter of Mr. Fox, which I had written some years before/ HW actually con- 
tributed not 'eight more numbers/ but eight in all besides the character of Fox. 

To many people the World is perhaps best known as the magazine in which, 
in 1754, Chesterfield published his bid for a reconciliation with Samuel John- 
son just before the Dictionary was published. It was published from 4 January 
1753 to 30 December 1756. The principal undertaker was Edward Moore under 
the name of Adam Fitz-Adam. 

HW's contributions, identified from his transcripts in the Waldegrave MS, 
are as follows: 

No. 6, Thursday, 8 February 1753 
8, Thursday, 22 February 1753 
10, Thursday, 8 March 1753 
14, Thursday, 5 April 1753 

28, Thursday, 12 July 1753, 'written at Strawberry Hill* 
103, Thursday, 19 December 1754, 'written at Strawberry Hill' 
160, Thursday, 22 January 1756, 'written at Strawberry Hill* 
195, Thursday, 23 September 1756, 'written at Chaffont Place* 
'A World Extraordinary/ published in January 1757 just after the last 
regular number of the World, containing the character of Fox. The MS 
copy is marked 'Strawberry Hill 1748,' but it was somewhat revised for 
publication. The copy he sent to Lady Caroline Fox in 1748 was in the 
Waller Collection. 

Now at Farmington also are the MSS of two unpublished Worlds, no doubt 
written at about the same time but not used; likewise two others that were first 
published in Fugitive Pieces in 1758, and reprinted in the London Magazine for 
September, 1784. These MSS seem to have been among the papers acquired by 
Richard Bentley from Miss Berry, and they were bought by WSL from the present 
Mrs. Bentley. 

Each number of the World was a sheet and a half, pot folio. The agreement 
between Dodsley and Moore mentions that the paper is to be 'one sheet and a 
half printed in the manner of the Rambler,' and the World does resemble the 


Rambler in paper and typography. (The agreement is reprinted in R. Straus, 
Robert Dodsley, p. 186.) 

Bound sets of the World are perhaps about as rare as sets of the Rambler. 
HW's own untrimmed printed copies of the numbers he wrote, revised and 
annotated for inclusion in his Fugitive Pieces of 1758, are now at Farmington. 
HW's most interesting changes are the insertions of all the passages deleted from 
his essays by the editor in 1753; these passages are also marked in his transcripts 
in Waldegrave MS. 

Like the Rambler, the World was reprinted at once in duodecimo, and in that 
format there were a half-dozen editions before 1800. HW's set of the first col- 
lected edition in six volumes (1755-57)* probably SH Sale, vi.iS, is now in the 
Morgan Library: it is bound in original calf, rebacked, with HW's bookplate 
and some annotations by him. HW indicated the authorship of each number 
when it was known to him, and indexed the names at the end of each volume. 
On the title-page of the first volume he marked the motto from Ovid as chosen 
by him, and added that he had also chosen the motto for the folio edition. 

HW's essays were reprinted in his Fugitive Pieces of 1758, and in his Works 
of 1770 and 1798. 

Essay contributed to James Ralph's Protester > No. 23, 3 November 


The Protester continued for twenty-four numbers in folio, from June to No- 
vember 1753. It was a weekly essay, somewhat in the manner of the Spectator and 
of Ralph's Remembrancer. Ralph's pseudonym was Issachar Barebone. 

HW's transcript of his essay is in the Waldegrave MS; to it he added the fol- 
lowing note: 'This was a weekly paper written by Ralph, and supported at the 
expense of the Duke of Bedford and Alderman Beckford. There was but one 
number printed after this [HW's No. 23], Ralph being bought off by the Court. 
The occasion of this paper was a letter sent by the Earl of Holdernesse, one of the 
Secretaries of State, to the Chancellor of Ireland, in answer to a memorial which 
had been presented to the King by the Earl of Kildare, against the Primate of 
that island.' 

'Strawberry-Hill, a Ballad/ in the Gentleman's Magazine, April 1756. 

William Pulteney, Earl of Bath, wrote two stanzas of the ballad; HW sent 
these to Bentley, 17 July 1755: 'My Lord Bath ... has made the following 
stanzas, to the old tune which you remember of Rowe's ballad on Dodington's 
Mrs. Strawbridge. . . . Can there be an odder revolution of things, than that 
the printer of the Craftsman [Richard Francklin] should live in a house of mine, 
and that the author of the Craftsman should write a panegyric on a house of 
mine?' On the same day HW sent the stanzas to George Montagu. 

HW added three more stanzas to the ballad as it was printed. Its first printing 


seems to have been in the Gentleman's Magazine. See HW to Montagu, 19 May 
1756: Tray tell me in what magazine is the Strawberry-ballad/ 

A somewhat altered text was printed in the London Chronicle, 10 August 
1758. Pulteney's stanzas are the first and third, and the fourth stanza of the 
text in the Gentleman's Magazine has been placed second. The wording is also 
slightly revised. This revised text was reprinted in the Description of SH, in 
1774 and 1784; in the New Foundling Hospital for Wit, in 1784; in the Works of 
1798; and in HW's Fugitive Verses, 1931. 

A separate ballad-printing on cheap paper is preserved in Richard Bull's col- 
lection of SH pieces, now in the Huntington Library. The text is so close to that 
printed in the London Chronicle that it must have been the source of the 
Chronicle's text, or else printed from the Chronicle. I have little doubt that it 
was printed about 1758, but not at SH. At Farmington there is preserved an en- 
graved copy with music 'set by Mr. Vernon* [i.e., Joseph Vernon]; the text was 
perhaps derived from oral tradition, since it has most features of the text 
printed in the London Chronicle but follows the text of the Gentleman's Maga- 
zine in two places. Another engraved copy with the music, p. 54 of an unidenti- 
fied volume of songs, is at Farmington in a miscellaneous collection; the text is 
close to that printed in the London Chronicle. 

In H. Howard's Choice Spirits Museum, A Collection of Songs, 1765, there is 
a parody of 'Strawberry-Hill' called 'The Hills of London/ apparently written 
about 1758. 

Verses to General Conway, in the Public Advertiser, 28 November 


HW to General Conway, November 1757: 'In the meantime I send you a most 
hasty performance. . . . The Lord knows if it is not sad stuff. I wish for the sake 
of the subject it were better!' The letter with the MS of the poem is now in the 
Morgan Library. 

HW to Grosvenor Bedford, Saturday, [26 November 1757]: 'I beg you will 
get the enclosed stanzas inserted in the Public Advertiser on Monday next, just 
as I have written them. If not in the Public, then in the Daily Advertiser. My 
name must not be mentioned, nor anything but the initial letters H. C.' 

The ^wenty lines, beginning 'When Fontenoy's impurpled plain,' were printed 
correctly enough. They have been reprinted frequently in collections of the 
letters, and in H W's Fugitive Verses, 1931. Both Cunningham and Mrs. Toynbee 
misprinted HW's 'Thou* in the last line as 'Then/ 

Political papers in the London Evening Post, 1764. 

John Almon, in his Biographical, Literary, and Political Anecdotes, 1797, 
1.65, says that in 1764 HW wrote a few political papers in the London Evening 
Post; and in 1766, a few in the Public Advertiser. 

It is my guess that 1766 is Almon's error for 1767, when HW identifies in his 


'Short Notes' two letters to the Public Advertiser. It is perhaps likely enough 
that HW sent some letters to the London Evening Post in 1764; but they have 
so far escaped detection, and I have no ready access to a file. If I had access to the 
London Evening Post, I should hope to find a paragraph attacking the Duke of 
Bedford as leader of the plan to abolish vails. In his Memoirs of George III, 
1845, ii-3 HW Sa 7 s: <As one * m y bj ects was to raise the characters and popu- 
larity of our party, I had inserted a paragraph in the newspapers observing that 
the abolition of vails to servants had been set on foot by the Duke of Bedford, 
and had been opposed and not complied with by the Duke of Devonshire and 
family of Cavendish. Soon after, a riot happened at Ranelagh, in which the 
footmen mobbed and ill-treated some gentlemen who had been active in that 
reformation.' HW's letter must have been written after the dismissal of General 
Conway, 21 April 1764, and before the Ranelagh riot on 4 May. 

Letter from the King of Prussia to Rousseau, in St. James's Chronicle, 
3 April 1766. 

The trifling joke that HW showed to his friends produced a quarrel far out 
of proportion to its merit, and the Cambridge Bibliography has to allot a special 
sub-section to Hume's quarrel with Rousseau. The quotations selected herewith 
present only the Walpolian part of the quarrel. 

'Short Notes': 'End of this year [1765, in Paris] wrote the Letter from the King 
of Prussia to Rousseau. ... 20 August 1767. I went to Paris. Wrote there an 
account of my whole concern in the affair of Rousseau, not with intention to 
publish it yet.' HW's account, as he wrote it in September 1767, is printed in 
the Works of 1798, ^.247-269. 

HW to Conway, 12 January 1766: 'My present fame is owing to a very trifling 
composition. ... I was one evening at Madame Geoffrin's joking on Rousseau's 
affectations and contradictions, and said some things that diverted them. When I 
came home, I put them into a letter, and showed it next day to Helvtius and 
the Due de Nivernois; who were so pleased with it, that, after telling me some 
faults in the language, which you may be sure there were, they encouraged me 
to let it be seen. ... I was not averse. The copies have spread like wildfire. . . . 
Here is the letter. . . . You will say I am a bold man to attack both Voltaire and 
Rousseau. It is true; but I shoot at their heel, at their vulnerable part.' 

HW to Chute, 15 January 1766: 'I enclose a trifle that I wrote lately, which got 
about and has made enormous noise in a city where they run and cackle after 
an event, like a parcel of hens after an accidental husk of a grape. It has made me 
the fashion, and made Madame de Boufflers and the Prince of Conti [Rousseau's 
protectors] very angry with me. ... * 

HW to Cole, 18 January 1766: 'Rousseau is gone to England with Mr. Hume. 
You will probably see a letter to Rousseau, in the name of the King of Prussia, 
writ to laugh at his affectations. It has made excessive noise here, and I believe 
quite ruined the author with many of the philosophers. When I tell you I was 


the author, it is telling you how cheap I hold their anger. If it does not reach 
you, you shall see it at Strawberry/ Cole was impatient to see it, and HW there- 
fore sent him a transcript of it, 25 February 1766. 

HW to Miss Anne Pitt, 19 January 1766: 'Would you believe it, Madam, that 
I am the fashion? . . . An unlucky letter which I wrote in the name of the 
King of Prussia to Rousseau got about. . . . Everybody would have a copy; the 
next thing was, everybody would see the author. Thus was I dandled about, with 
my little arms and legs shaking like a pantin. ... I thought at last I should have 
a box quilted for me like Gulliver, be set upon the dressing-table of a Maid of 
Honor, and fed with bonbons. . . . Here is the unfortunate letter. . . . ' 

After sending copies of his little hoax to so many people, HW could not 
have been especially astonished when it was published in the St. James's Chron- 
icle, in April. Rousseau had gone to England in January, at Hume's invitation 
and almost as his guest, and to his excitable imagination the letter seemed an 
insult either planned or permitted by Hume. Rousseau wrote a hurt reply dated 
7 April which was published in the St. James's Chronicle, 10 April 1766. The 
editor appended a note saying that the letter to Rousseau had been planned 
only as a joke, that it had been handed around in MS for weeks, and that its 
author was well known in The Catalogue of Noble Authors. 

HW to Mann, 11 July 1766: 'Rousseau has answered all I thought and said 
of him, by a most weak and passionate answer to my letter, which showed I had 
touched his true sore.' 

HW wrote to Hume, 26 July 1766, to explain his own position. But Hume pre- 
pared an account of the whole quarrel, including the letter that helped to start 
the quarrel and HW's letter of 26 July. This account was translated into French 
by J.-B. Suard, Expose succinct de la contestation entre M. Hume et M. Rous- 
seau, and published at Paris in the autumn; it was advertised as 'just imported' 
into England, 8 November 1766; retranslated into English, A concise and 
genuine account of the dispute between Mr. Hume and Mr. Rousseau, and pub- 
lished by Becket, 20 November; translated into Italian in 1767. A Defense of Mr. 
Rousseau, with a severe dedicatory letter to HW, was published by Bladon in 
November 1766; it is attributed to Edward Burnaby Greene. 

HW to Duchesse d'Aiguillon, 3 November 1766: 'Mr. Hume has, I own, sur- 
prised me, by suffering his squabble with Rousseau to be published. . . . For 
my own part, I little expected to see my letter in print, as your Grace tells me 
it is, for I have not yet seen the book. [He acquired a copy of the English trans- 
lation soon afterwards; it is in the sixteenth volume of his Collection of Tracts, 
now WSL.] I have neither been asked nor given any consent to my letter being 
published. I do not take it ill of Mr. Hume, as I left him at liberty to show it to 
whom he pleased; I am, however, sorry it is printed. ... I think all literary 
controversies ridiculous, impertinent, and contemptible. ... I don't know who 
the publishers are, nor care. ... I am told it is asserted that I have owned that 
the letter to Rousseau was not mine; I wish it was not, for then it would have 
been better. I told your Grace, I believe, what I told to many more, that some 


grammatical faults in it had been corrected for me. . . . The book too, I hear, 
says that the real author ought to discover himself. I was the real author, and 
never denied it. . . .' 

HW wrote two more letters to Hume about the matter, 6 and 1 1 November 
1766. His part in the famous quarrel may perhaps be counted as ended by the 
publication of Ralph Heathcote's Letter to the Honorable Mr. Horace Walpole 
concerning the dispute between Hume and Rousseau, 9 December 1766. (HW's 
copy is now at Farmington.) 

Hume's part in the quarrel may be traced in detail in his Letters (ed. J. Y. T. 
Greig, 1932); Hume attempted to deposit all his papers dealing with the quarrel 
in the British Museum, but the Trustees of the Museum did not think proper 
to receive them, and the papers are therefore with the Hume MSS in the Royal 
Society of Edinburgh. 

Letter to the Mayor of Lynn, in St. James's Chronicle, 28 May 1767. 

'Short Notes': 'March [1767], Wrote to the Mayor of Lynn, that I did not in- 
tend to come into Parliament again. . . . May s8th. My letter to the Mayor of 
Lynn was first published in the St. James's Chronicle.' 

'Short Notes/ at end of 1768: *I should have mentioned that on the dissolution 
of the Parliament this year, I refused to serve again, agreeably to a letter I had 
written to the Mayor of Lynn, and which was published in the newspapers/ 

For Wiart's translation into French, see Madame du Deffand's letter to HW, 
6 June 1767; his MS is now WSL, together with the transcript of the English 
original (containing small corrections by HW) that HW sent to Madame du 

The letter to the Mayor, William Langley, dated 13 March 1767, was re- 
printed in the Gentleman's Magazine for June 1767; and in J. Almon's Bio- 
graphical, Literary, and Political Anecdotes, 1797, i.65. It was first collected in 
HW's correspondence by Cunningham. In the British Museum is a single-sheet 
folio printed copy of the letter, possibly but I think probably not an earlier 
printing than that in the St.. James's Chronicle. 

HW sat as Member for King's Lynn in Norfolk from 1757 to 1768. He was 
succeeded in 1768 by his cousin, Thomas Walpole, whose letter to the voters, 
dated 18 March 1767 (doubtless written after consultation with HW and with 
Lord Orford), was printed in the St. James's Chronicle for 21 March 1767. On 
19 March 1767 Charles Townshend wrote to Philip Case of Lynn about Thomas 
Walpole's candidacy. (See the letter printed by H. L. Bradfer-Lawrence in the 
Supplement to Blomefield's Norfolk, 1929.) 

Two letters in the Public Advertiser, 1767. 

'Short Notes': 'In September were published, in the Public Advertiser, two 
letters I had written on political abuse in newspapers. They were signed, Toby, 
and A Constant Correspondent' 


The first letter, signed 'Toby/ was printed 28 August 1767. The second letter, 
which professes to be a response from a hack writer to Toby's letter, was printed 
2 September 1767. 

The MSS of both letters are now at Farmington, purchased by WSL in 1937 
from Mrs. Richard Bentley, in a collection of Walpolian MSS. 

'To the Authoress of some lines on Strawberry-Hill/ in Mendez's Col- 
lection of the most esteemed Pieces of Poetry, 1767. 

The 'Authoress' is identified by Mendez as 'Miss M / i.e., Jael Mendez; her 

married name was Mrs. J. Henrietta Pye (Mrs. Robert Hampden Pye). She died 
in 1782. Her Poems, privately printed in 1767, contain HW's verses on p. 11, 
possibly an earlier printing than that in the anthology. The episode that pro- 
duced HW's poem is described by HW in his letter to Cole, 25 April 1775. The 
verses are reprinted in HW's Fugitive Verses, 1931, p. 186. 

HW's copy of the Poems, presented by the authoress, was in SH Sale,; 
resold at Sotheby's, 23 March 1868 (B. G. Windus Sale), lot 744. 

'Epilogue spoken by Mrs. Give/ in Public Advertiser, 24 April 1769. 

'Short Notes*: '24 April 1769. Mrs. Clive spoke an epilogue I had written for 
her on quitting the stage.' 

The epilogue was also printed in the St. James's Chronicle, 25 April 1769, 
and other papers; in the Town and Country Magazine, April 1769; in the 
Gentleman's Magazine, May 1769; in the Annual Register for 1769; in the 
Works of 1798; and in HW's Fugitive Verses, 1931. 

Lines on the Duchess of Queensberry, in the Gentleman's Magazine, 
March 1772. 

HW to Mann, 26 April 1771: 'The Duchess of Queensberry, a much older 
veteran, is still figuring in the world. . . . Reflect, that she was a goddess in 
Prior's days. I could not help adding these lines on heryou know his end: 

Kitty, at heart's desire, 
Obtained the chariot for a day, 
And set the world on fire. 

This was some fifty-six years ago, or more. I gave her this stanza: "To many a 
Kitty. ..." And she is old enough to be pleased with the compliment/ 

The verses (a quatrain) are reprinted in the Annual Register for 1772; in the 
Fugitive Miscellany, 1774; in the Public Advertiser for 30 August 1780; in the 
New Foundling Hospital for Wit, 1784; in the Works of 1798; and in HW's 
Fugitive Verses, 1931. 



Verses for the monument to Queen Catherine at Ampthill, in the 
Public Advertiser, 19 October 1773. 

In a letter to Cole, 12 October 1771, HW sent a copy of his verses, explaining 
that he designed them for the monument that Lord Ossory was planning to 
erect. James Essex designed the monument, but HW's letter to Cole, 22 June 
1771, shows that he himself initiated the whole scheme. 

In 1773 the monument was completed, and the Public Advertiser appears to 
have published HW's verses as an item of news about the completion of the 

A MS copy of the verses by Thomas Kirgate is in his copy of HW's Fugitive 
Pieces, 1758, now WSL. 

The verses were reprinted in the London Magazine for October 1773; in the 
first volume of the New Foundling Hospital for Wit, 1784; in Richard Cough's 
edition of Camden's Britannia, 1789; and frequently in the nineteenth century. 

HW's draft of these verses is in his Book of Materials, 1771, now in the Folger 
Library; there also are 'Verses for an Urn designed to be erected by Lord Ossory 
at Ampthill to the memory of his cousin the Marquis of Tavistock/ I think never 

'The Three Vernons/ in the St. James's Chronicle, 1 7 November 1 787. 

'Short Notes 1 : 'In July [1774] wrote the verses on The Three Vernons.' HW 
must have sent them to Lady Ossory almost immediately, but he planned to 
keep them secret from most of his friends. In his letter to Lady Ossory, 11 
August 1774, he tells an amusing anecdote of his embarrassment at showing 
them to Richard Owen Cambridge. 

The verses were reprinted more correctly in the Gentleman's Magazine for 
November 1787, in the Annual Register for 1787, and again in the third volume 
of the Asylum for Fugitive Pieces, 1789. It was perhaps this latter printing, .more 
inaccurate than the others, that HW referred to in his letter to Lady Ossory, 4 
August 1789. This poorer text was reprinted in the Universal Magazine for 
August 1789. The verses were included in the fourth volume of the Works of 
1798, and in HW's Fugitive Verses, 1931. 

Epitaph on Mrs. dive's monument in Twickenham Church, in Lon- 
don Evening Post, 22 September 1791. 

HW's printer, Thomas Kirgate, preserved a clipping of this epitaph, in his 
copy of the Description of SH (1784) now WSL. He marked the first ten lines 'By 
Miss Pope* and the last six 'By Mr. H. Walpole/ Since HW succeeded to the 
Earldom in December of 1791, Kirgate must have marked the clipping when 
it was published. There seems no need to reject Kirgate's evidence. 

For HW's earlier pretended epitaph on Mrs. Clive, written in 1774, see the 
SH Bibliography, p. 237. 



'To Edward Jerningham/ in the European Magazine, xxvm (1795), 


These lines were occasioned by hearing Jerningham read his new comedy, 
The Welch Heiress, played at Drury Lane 17 April 1795. The eight lines, be- 
ginning 'The Nymphs of Pindus have in various ways/ are signed 'Orford/ The 
note in the European Magazine says: *The following lines, written by the 
Literary Nestor, Lord Orford, display a sprightliness that seldom accompanies 
so advanced a time of life/ 

In Richard Bull's collection of SH Detached Pieces at the Huntington Library 
there is a MS copy of the verses, sent to Bull by the bookseller Clarke of Bond 

A new number of The Spectator, 1772. HW's heading is: 'The Spec- 
tator. No. none, written by nobody/ Sunday, 19 January 1772. 

HW's rough draft is in the Berry Papers, in the British Museum's Additional 
MS 37728* He sent a clean copy to Lady Ossory, and it was published in 1848 
by R. Vernon Smith with the Letters Addressed to the Countess of Ossory; this 
MS is still with the Ossory papers in private hands. 

Also published with the Letters to the Countess of Ossory in 1848 were: 'The 
Peach in Brandy/ written in December 1771 and printed as one of his Hiero- 
glyphic Tales in 1785; and a short 'Sequel to Gulliver's Travels? also written in 
December 1771. 

'The Garland/ in the Quarterly Review, March 1852. 

'Short Notes': 'July 16 [1761], wrote The Garland, a poem on the King, and 
sent it to Lady Bute, but not in my own hand, nor with my name, nor did I ever 
own it/ 

HW to Grosvenor Bedford, Sunday, [19 July 1761]: 'I will beg you to copy the 
following lines for me, and bring or send them, whichever is most convenient to 
you, to my house in Arlington Street on Tuesday morning. Pray don't mention 
them to anybody/ 

The verses were reprinted in Cunningham's edition of the Letters, and Mrs. 
Toynbee's; and in HW's Fugitive Verses, 1931. 

'Memoir of Gray/ in The Correspondence of Gray and Mason, 1853. 

This volume was edited by the Rev. John Mitford. A more correct text 
was published by Paget Toynbee in the Modern Language Review, 1932, and 
reprinted as Appendix Y in The Correspondence of Thomas Gray, ed. Toynbee 
and Whibley, 1935; this corrected text was printed from HW's transcript in 
the Waldegrave MS. 

It may be assumed that HW wrote his 'Memoir' soon after Gray's death. 


'Verses to My Pen/ written to Miss Berry about 1793. 

These lines were published by Lady Theresa Lewis in the first volume of the 
Journals and Correspondence of Miss Berry, 1865, p. 429. 

Chanson on Lady Caroline Petersham and CoL Conway. 

These verses, in French and English, written probably about 1744, were 
printed in the Eighth Report of the Historical MSS Commission, 1881; and re- 
printed in Appendix i of the Yale edition of HW's Correspondence with George 
Montagu, 1941. 

'Seeds of Poetry and Rhime/ written in 1736. 

These verses were printed by Gosse in his edition of Gray's Works (1884), 1.205, 
and attributed to Gray because of a transcript at Pembroke College in his auto- 
graph. But the transcript by Gray is signed with what is now known to be HW's 
nom de plume. 

The verses were printed from HW's autograph, in a letter to West, in Toyn- 
bee's Correspondence of Gray, Walpole, West, and Ashton (1915), i.n8. They 
were reprinted in HW's Fugitive Verses, 1931. The original letter is now WSL. 

Mock Sermon to Lady Mary Coke, printed in the third volume of 
The Letters and Journals of Lady Mary Coke, Edinburgh 1 892. 

'Short Notes': 'May 3oth [1761], wrote a mock sermon to dissuade Lady 
Mary Coke from going to the King's birthday, as she had lately been ill.' 

Also included in the same volume of Lady Mary's Letters and Journals are 
HW's lines to Mrs. Pitt, 'To raise a troop a thousand ask'; and a facsimile of the 
verses to Lady Mary printed with HW's letter to Montagu, 23 December 1761. 

"Journals of Visits to Country Seats/ 1751-1784. 

These notes are in HW's BooJis of Materials, now in the Folger Library. They 
were published by Dr. Paget Toynbee in the sixteenth volume of the Walpole 
Society, 1927-28. 

'Delenda est Oxonia,' a political pamphlet, written in 1749. 

First published by Dr. Paget Toynbee from the Waldegrave MS in the Eng- 
lish Historical Review, XLII (1927), 95-108. 

'Walpoliana/ transcribed by Dr. Paget Toynbee from HW's Books of 
Materials and Paris Journals. 

These selections were first published by Dr. Toynbee in Blackwood's Maga- 



zine, ccxxi (1927), 454-463. The Paris Journals were published completely 
in the fifth volume of the Yale edition of HW's Correspondence with Mme. du 
Deffand (1939). 

The originals, formerly in the collection of Sir Wathen Waller, are now in 
the Folger Library (Books of Materials) and in the Merritt Collection at Harvard 
(Paris Journals). 

'Notes on the Exhibitions of the Society of Artists and the Free Society, 

These notes were printed, from HW's set of the catalogues now at Farming- 
ton, in the twenty-seventh volume of the Walpole Society, 1938-39. They were 
transcribed and edited by Mr. Hugh Gatty. 



This list is not precisely part of HW's bibliography, but since its only unity 
comes from HW, it may provide an interesting appendage to the bibliography. 
The list may not be complete; I record as briefly as possible the books I have 
gathered. Seven miscellaneous pieces are appended. 

[Blizard, Sir William]. 'Stanzas on viewing Strawberry-Hill: inscribed to the 
Right Honourable Horace Walpole, Earl of Orford.' Privately printed; 
dated 18 August 1793. A transcript in Kirgate's hand is preserved in HW's 
extra-illustrated Description of SH. 

Carter, John. Specimens of Ancient Sculpture and Painting, folio, 1780. 

Craven, Elizabeth Berkeley, Lady (later Margravine of Anspach). A Modern 
Anecdote, 1779. The story was dramatized in 1781 by Miles Peter Andrews. 

Felton, Samuel. Imperfect Hints towards a new edition of Shakespeare, 1787 
88. (Dedicated to HW and Sir Joshua Reynolds.) 

Gilpin, William. Essay on Prints, %d ed., 1781; also 4th ed., 1792. The dedica- 
tion copy of the edition of 1781, with HW's bookplate and notes, was sold 
at Sotheby's, 23 March 1868 (B. G. Windus Sale), lot 352; Dr. Dibdin 
bought it at the SH Sale. It was later owned by Lady Dorothy Nevill and 
is now at Farmington. 

Granger, James. Biographical Dictionary, 1769. See the full description in the 
bibliography above, pp. 1 3035. 

Ives, John. Select Papers, 1773. 

Jephson, Robert. The Count of Narbonne, 1781. HW's copy of the Dublin 
reprint of 1782 is owned by Mrs. Scott-Murray of Heckfield Place, bound 
with the Castle of Otranto, 1782. 

Jerningham, Edward. The Swedish Curate, 1773. 

Knight, E. Cornelia. Marcus Flaminius. Two volumes, octavo, 1792. 

Lysons, Daniel. The Environs of London, 1792. HW's set is now at Farming- 

More, Hannah. Florio, 1786. 

169 3 


Patch, Thomas. Lije of Fra Bartolommeo, [Florence] 1772. 

Pinkerton, John. Essay on Medals, sd ed., 1789. HW declined the dedication 
of the first edition; see his letter to James Dodsley, 8 August 1784. The dedi- 
cation copy of the edition of 1789 is now in the British Museum. 

Whaley, John. A Collection of original Poems and Translations, 1745. One 
poem, 'In Imitation of Horace' on p. 83, was especially addressed to HW; 
the MS of this poem was sold with Whaley's letters in the Waller Collec- 
tion in 1921. William Cole, in his Paris Journal of 1765, pp. 65, 73-80, 
gives his recollections of Whaley. Cole's copy of the Poems of 1745 is now 
in the British Museum. HW's copy is in the Dyce Collection. 

[PWhaley, John]. The Miser, a poem: from the first satire of the first book of 
Horace, 1735. 

The World, 1755. The second volume of the duodecimo edition was dedi- 
cated to HW. 

In January 1764 Alexander Bannerman (who engraved a number of the por- 
traits in the Anecdotes of Painting) dedicated to HW an engraving of the 
cave scene in Macbeth, from the painting by P. Dawe. 

Burrell, Lady. Lines sent to Mr. Walpole by an anonymous author in 1790* 
Privately printed by Richard Bull, 1791. 

'On Seeing Strawberry-Hill, the Seat of Horace Walpole, Esq.' Verses in 
Gentleman's Magazine, April 1778, signed *Y/ A transcript in Kirgate's 
hand is preserved in HW's extra-illustrated Description of SH. 

'A Retreat for the Gods, a poem, inscribed to the elegant genius of Strawberry 
Hill/ Verses in the Morning Post, 24 August 1780. 

The Genuine Copy of a Letter found, Nov. 5, 1782, near Strawberry-Hill, 

Twickenham. Addressed to the Hon. Mr. H ce W le, 1783. (On the 

quarrel with Chatterton.) 

Moody, Elizabeth. 'On the death of Horace Walpole, Earl of Orford,' pub- 
lished in her Poetical Trifles, 1798. 

[Wolcot, John]. Verses addressed to Walpole on his epitaph on Mrs. Clive, in 
Public Advertiser, 14 October 1791; frequently reprinted. See HW's Fugi- 
tive Verses, p. 87. 



Listed herewith are numerous items that have for one reason or another been 
incorrectly ascribed to HW, with the briefest possible notes of identification. 

1. The Medalist, a six-penny ballad published by Huggonson in December 
1741, is attributed doubtfully to HW in Halkett and Laing's Dictionary and in 
Stonehill and Block's Anonyma and Pseudonyma. There are copies at the 
British Museum, Harvard, the Huntington Library, and the University of Cin- 
cinnati. It is a satire on Sir Robert Walpole's administration, and so can hardly 
be by HW. 

2. A Proclamation, a poem, published by Webb in 1750, has been attributed 
to HW by two major American libraries. The mistake seems to arise from a 
misunderstanding of the British Museum's Catalogue, where a copy is re- 
corded as having 'MS Notes [by Horace Walpole]/ 

3. Robert Whytt's Essay on the Virtues of Lime-water in the Cure of the 
Stone, Edinburgh 1752 and later editions, is often catalogued under Walpole 
because of an appendix containing an account of the case of the Hon. Horatio 
Walpole written by himself. The account, published originally in the Royal 
Society's Philosophical Transactions for 1751, is by HW's uncle, Horatio 
Walpole, ist Baron Walpole. 

4. An Essay on the Liberty of the Press, Raymond, 1754, is attributed to HW 
by Isaac Reed (in a MS note) and by Lowndes. But HW inscribed his own copy, 
'By the Archdeacon of Norwich/ i.e., Thomas Hayter. An entirely different 
'Dissertation on the Liberty of the Press* was printed serially in Old England, 
1747-48, but this cannot be by HW, either. 

5. Considerations on the present German War, 1760. This pamphlet, men- 
tioned byJLowndes under HW, was written by Israel Mauduit. 

6. A Vindication of the Conduct of the Present War, Tonson, 1760, is at- 
tributed to HW by Isaac Reed (in a MS note) because it was published by Ton- 
son; and the attribution is accepted by Lowndes. But it is dated Berkshire, 15 
December 1760, when HW was in London; and HW made no annotation on 
his own copy, now WSL, although he identified the authors of three other 
pamphlets bound with it. The fact of publication by Tonson seems not sig- 
nificant to me: Reed thought HW used Tonson (by way of Grosvenor Bedford) 


for pamphlets he did not wish to acknowledge. (The Vindication was a reply 
to Israel Mauduit's Considerations on the present German War.) 

7. An Answer to Lord Bolingbroke's Letters on the Study of History, 1762, 
is often ascribed to HW. It was left in MS by his uncle, Horatio Walpole, ist 
Baron Walpole; and published in 1762 by Lord Walpole's son, Horatio (1723- 

8. Anecdotes of Polite Literature, 5 vols., 1764. This anonymous compilation 
is attributed to HW in the old edition of Halkett and Laing's Dictionary and 
in Stonehill and Block's Anonyma and Pseudonyma, and therefore often cata- 
logued as HW's. But see his letter to Cole, 7 February 1764, where he clearly 
says he does not know the author. 

9. The Prologue to Jephson's Count of Narbonne, 1781, is attributed to 
HW in a contemporary newspaper (see Cole to HW, 11 February 1782), and 
by an unidentified collector who gathered up a number of HW's occasional 
verses. It was written by Jephson himself, who dedicated his play to HW. HW 
wrote to Cole, 14 February 1782, that the Prologue was not his but Jephson's. 

10. A song, 'As the Mole's silent Stream,' printed in the Morning Herald, 20 
November 1788, was marked 'By Mr. H. Walpole.' But in the Waller Collection 
there was a copy clipped from the newspaper and marked by HW 'Not by me/ 
In his miscellaneous Book of Materials now at the Folger Library, HW sug- 
gested that the song might be by his cousin Horatio (1752-1822). 

11. A song, 'Rise, Cynthia, rise,' with music by Hook and words by 'Walpole, 
Earl of Orford,' was printed in William McCulloch's Selected Music, Phila- 
delphia 1807, doubtless a reprint from an English collection. The song was 
written by HW's nephew, George, gd Earl of Orford, and was included in his 
Hasty Productions 1791. (See the next entry.) 

12. Hasty Productions, 1791. This volume of verses is included by Lowndes 
under HW's works. The author was HW's nephew, George, the third Earl. 

13. 'A translation of verses found hanging upon a tablet in the Temple of 
Venus, in Lord Jersey's Wood, at Middleton Stoney. From the Latin of Horace 
Walpole, Esq.' I have seen only a clipping of these nineteen conventional lines, 
beginning 'Whoe'er thou art, whom chance ordains to rove/ but from the format 
it is possible to assume that they appeared in the Morning Herald's poetry 
column between 1780 and 1785. HW stopped briefly at Lord Jersey's in 1753 
(see his letter to John Chute, 4 August 1753) and perhaps at other times. But 
1780 seems an unlikely date for HW to be composing Latin verses. I think the 
Latin original is more likely to have been composed by HW's cousin, Horatio 
Walpole (1752-1822), who became 2d Earl of the 3d creation in 1809; he was 
at Eton 1764-70 and then at Trinity College, Cambridge (M.A. 1773). 

14. A full and particular account of a bloody duel . . . between C[hetwynd] 
and H[orace] P7[alpole], folio, single leaf, [1743]. This deals with the quarrel 
in which HW's uncle, Lord Walpole of Wolterton, was engaged. See HW to 
Horace Mann, 14 March 1743. 

15. Letter from an elector of the Borough of Great Yarmouth to Horatio 


Walpole, 1730. This is catalogued under HW in the British Museum's Catalogue, 
but it was addressed to Lord Walpole of Wolterton. So was Thomas Seeker's 
Letter to Walpole, written in 1751 but not published until 1769. 

16. A number of other pieces creep into Walpolian lists because of their as- 
sociation with HW's uncle, Lord Walpole. Considerations on the present state 
of affairs in Europe, 1730, is probably by Lord Walpole; so are The Case of the 
Hessian forces, 1731, The Convention vindicated, 1739, and The Grand ques- 
tion debated, 1739. The Case of the Hanover forces, 1743, is probably by Chester- 
field with some help from E. Waller; HW had two copies of it, but they contain 
no ascription of authorship; Lord Walpole wrote a reply called The Interest of 
Great Britain steadily pursued. 

17. The Impenetrable Secret. See the SH Bibliography, pp. 145-148; I can 
now add slightly to the evidence accumulated there against the piece. Mr. H. 
Glenn Brown of the University of Pennsylvania Library has found Franklin's 
advertisement of it in the Pennsylvania Gazette, 11 May 1749, so that Hilde- 
burn's accuracy is vindicated. Furthermore, George Bickham the engraver ad- 
vertised the cards in January 1754, reduced from 10/6 to 2/6; and in June 1754 
the third edition, with improvements, is offered for one shilling (Daily Ad- 
vertiser). I think it is inconceivable that HW could have reprinted at SH a game 
that had been readily available to the public for more than ten years. 

18. The Opposition, 1755. This pamphlet of twenty-eight pages is mentioned 
by Lowndes under HW, but unless the title was confused with HW's pamphlet of 
1763 (described above), I do not know the reason for the attribution. HW had 
two copies, in one of which he wrote: 'Supposed to be by W. Gerard Hamilton.' 
It was published only a few weeks after Hamilton's celebrated speech of 13 
November 1755. 

19. In the eleventh volume of the Political Register, 1772, there is a letter to 
Lord Dartmouth on the Mississippi colonization scheme, dated 24 August 1772, 
and signed *H. Walpole.' The style is not distinguished, and some statements 
sound quite unlike HW, so that the letter has been rejected by Mrs. Toynbee, 
Mr. Lewis, and other editors. If it is by HW, it is one of his poorer compositions. 
HW's cousin, Thomas Walpole (1727-1803), was a leader in the Ohio scheme of 
the same year, but internal evidence seems to rule him out as the writer, even if 
a misprint in the signature could be assumed. Possibly the letter was written by 
HW's twenty-year-old cousin Horatio (1752-1822), though this seems an un- 
likely guess. 


The following list is far from complete, for it ignores many scattered scraps 
in various collections, such as the Berry Papers in the British Museum and in 
the Morgan Library, and it makes no reference to letters whether or not they 
include occasional poems. There are also extended notes in books, e.g., in 
Lysons's Environs of London and in Granger's Biographical History (described 
above). HW's copy of Sir John Hawkins's History of Music, with the fifth vol- 
ume extensively annotated, is now at Farmington; according to Sir John's 
daughter Laetitia, it was HW who suggested to her father that he compile his 
History. The Paris Journals and the Book of Visitors have been published from 
MSS at Harvard, but many unpublished fragments and notes are at Harvard. 
Of three important MSS at the Folger Library (HW's Books of Materials con- 
taining a rich variety of biographical anecdotes, poetical fragments, and notes 
on the streets of London), only the notes on artists and a few miscellaneous ex- 
tracts have been published. I specify below only the more important items in 
the Bentley Collection acquired by WSL in 1937: this great hoard of unpublished 
Walpolian MSS came mostly from Miss Berry, who seems to have sold them 
all to Richard Bentley the publisher when he was publishing HW's letters; and 
Mrs. Richard Bentley, widow of Bentley's descendant, sold them to WSL. 

But the list represents fairly the unpublished independent works, and it will 
give some indication of the extent, the variety, and the titles of still-unpublished 
writings by HW. By comparing this list with the entries for works published 
since 1798, any reader can estimate what proportion of HW's miscellaneous 
writing is still waiting for publication. 

In the Waldegrave MS (described briefly in the Introduction above) are 
numerous miscellaneous verses, many of them written in Italy and France, 1736 
41, including 'Verses to John Dodd,' 1738; 'Verses to Zelinda from Florence' 
[ca. 1740]; and an imitation of Virgil: 'Sunday, or the Presence Chamber, a 
Town Eclogue.' Later pieces transcribed in the Waldegrave MS include an 
imitation of Horace: 'The Praises of a Poet's Life,' written in London in 1742; 
'A Fairy Tale,' 1743; 'Little Peggy, a Prophetic Eclogue/ November 1743; more 
miscellaneous verses; a memoir of Ash ton written about 1750; and notes about 
Dr. Conyers Middleton, Richard Bentley, and many others. The memoir of 
Ashton is prepared for publication in the fourteenth volume of the Yale edition 
of HW's Correspondence. 

r IMH i 


Patapan, 1743. 'Short Notes': 'Summer [1743] I wrote Patapan, or the Little 
White Dog, a tale, imitated from Fontaine; it was never printed/ In the W aide- 
grave MS it is marked 'Wrote at Houghton 1743.' 

Parody of Corneille's Cinna, 1744. 'Short Notes': In the summer of 1744 I 
wrote a parody of a scene in Corneille's Cinna; the interlocutors, Mr. Pelham, 
Mr. Arundel, and Mr. Selwyn.' In the Waldegrave MS it is marked 'Wrote in the 
summer of 1743.' 

Imitation of Lucan, 1746. 'Short Notes': 'About the same time [end of 1746], 
I paraphrased some lines of the first book of Lucan; but they have not been 
printed.' HW's MS is now WSL, purchased in the Bentley Collection in 1937. 
His transcript in the Waldegrave MS is marked 'Windsor Octr. 1746. Addressed 
to Mr. Pitt.' This and the next poem were in HW's early MS list (now Morgan 
Library) of pieces to be included in his Works, but Miss Berry overlooked or 
rejected them. 

Verses on the fireworks for the peace, 1749. 'Short Notes': '[In 1749] I wrote 
a copy of verses on the fireworks for the Peace; they were not printed.' HW's 
MS is now WSL, purchased in the Bentley Collection in 1937. His transcript is in 
the Waldegrave MS. Although in an early plan (ca. 1770) for his quarto Works 
(MS now in the Morgan Library), HW included this poem as well as the Imita- 
tion of Lucan, in a later list either by accident or design he omitted them. 

Account of Mr. Chute and Miss Nicoll, 1751. 'Short Notes': 'About the 
same time [1751] happened a great family quarrel. My friend Mr. Chute had 
engaged Miss Nicoll, a most rich heiress, to run away from her guardians, who 
had used her very ill; and he proposed to marry her to my nephew, Lord Orf ord, 
who refused her, though she had above 150,000. ... [I] wrote a particular 
account of the whole transaction.' See Correspondence of Gray, ed. Toynbee- 
Whibley, 1935, p. 356. The lady was Margaret Nicoll (or Nichol). HW's MS is 
now at Farmington, and a copy in an unidentified hand is at 'The Vyne' near 
Basingstoke. This MS is prepared for publication in the fourteenth volume of 
the Yale edition of HW's Correspondence. 

'The Judgment of Solomon,' 1753. 'Short Notes': 'In November [1753] I 
wrote a burlesque poem, called the Judgment of Solomon.' HW's MS was in the 
Waller Collection; his transcript is in the Waldegrave MS, marked 'Nov. 1753.' 

Account of his Conduct, in a letter to George, Earl of Orford, 1755. 'Short 
Notes': 'In March 1755 I was very ill used by my nephew Lord Orford, upon 
a contested election in the House of Commons, on which I wrote him a long 
letter, with an account of my own conduct in politics.' The letter seems not 
to have been preserved, although it may yet appear. 

The Case of the Entail, 1756. 'Short Notes': 'In April 1756 my uncle Horace 
Walpole having drawn in my nephew Lord Orford to alter the settlement of his 
estate, I entered into a new dispute with my uncle on behalf of my nephews . . . 
and my sister . . . ; and I wrote an account of that whole affair.' HW's account 
in MS is at Farmington. 

Epitaph for Lady Townshend's youngest son, 1759. 'Short Notes': 'Sep- 
tember 2ist [1759]. I gave my Lady Townshend an epitaph and design for a 


tomb for her youngest son, killed at Ticonderoga; neither were used.' The MS 
of HW's brief epitaph, together with Bentley's sketch (from HW's design) for 
the tomb, and the letter to Lady Townshend were purchased from Maggs Bros, 
by WSL in August 1946. 

'Destruction of the French Navy/ 1760. 'Short Notes': 'April [1760]. In this 
month wrote a poem on the Destruction of the French Navy, as an exercise for 
Lord Beauchamp at Christchurch, Oxford.' The MS is still untraced. 

'To Britannia/ 1764. HW included this long verse satire in his MS list (now 
Morgan Library) of the pieces to be included in his Works. A copy not in his 
hand but with one note apparently by him is now at Farmington, purchased 
by WSL in 1937 in the Bentley Collection. 

'Thoughts on keeping holy the Sabbath, by J. Cardan/ Kirgate gave Miss 
Berry a copy of this in his hand (now in the Berry Papers in the British Museum) 
to be included in the Works of 1798, but she rejected it; HW listed it as one of 
the pieces to be included (MS now in the Morgan Library: see SH Bibliography, 
p. 89). 

Among the Berry Papers in the Morgan Library, besides smaller scraps, there 
are the following pieces: 'Character of George, Lord Lyttelton'; 'Loose 
Thoughts/ three pages on the philosophy of kingship; 'Life of the King of 
Naples/ 1779; and 'George III and his Ministers/ a summary written in June 

At Farmington, besides many smaller scraps, there are the following pieces, 
largely from the Bentley Collection: Notes on the sessions of Parliament, 1744- 
45; 'Memoirs from the Declaration of the War with Spain/ ca. 1746; Notes of an 
interview with the Prince of Wales, 2 March 1748; Portrait of Lord Mansfield; 
'Address on the King's Speech, 13 November 1761,' reworked into his Memoirs 
of George III; 'History of Mme. Du Barry/ 1769; 'Abstract of the Kings and 
Queens of England/ ca. 1770 (five pages but imperfect); Character of Wedder- 
burn, 1771; Reply to James Barry's attack about the Dutch painters, ca. 1775; 
'The Junto/ verses dated 1777 (in the MS of 'Short Notes' this is put under 
1778 but then bracketed as if out of place: 'In the winter wrote the Junto, a 
poem'); Character of the 5th Duke of Devonshire, ca. 1780; 'The Spirit of the 
Present Reign/ ca. 1780; 'Sketch of a History written in a method entirely new, 
by John Short, Gent./ ca. 1783 (a fragmentary first draft of this satire was printed 
by Dr. Doran in the Last Journals, for July 1782); Memoirs of the Reign of 
George III, 1783-1791 (now prepared for publication); 'Instructions to my Suc- 
cessors at SH/ 1771-1785, and 'Directions for publishing/ 1794-1796; Charac- 
ter of King George III, ca. 1788; and numerous receipts signed by HW. Also at 
Farmington is the MS of 'Short Notes/ differing very considerably from the text 
published by Richard Bentley in the Mann Letters, 1843; this MS is now pre- 
pared for publication in the thirteenth volume of the Yale edition of HW's 

*On the Duchess of Kingston's going to Rome/ ca. 1774. This twelve-line poem 
is known only from a copy, at Farmington, taken from Kirgate's MSS. 

Letter to the Gazetteer on bee-keeping in Spain. The material for this letter 



came from the Earl of Sandwich's diary, which HW examined in the winter of 
1761-62 (see HW to the Earl of Egremont, 20 April 1762). The letter is signed 
'Apicius/ and endorsed in pencil 'No. 9 1761.' 'To the Printer of the London 
Chronicle' was HW's first heading; then the Gazetteer was substituted. It is not 
impossible that the letter was published, but no file of the Gazetteer is readily 
available. WSL bought the MS at Sotheby's, 15 November 1932 (Property of Mrs. 
Erskine, grandniece of Grosvenor Charles Bedford). 

'Lines on the New Front of Wentworth Castle/ See HW's 'Journals of Visits 
to Country Seats' in the sixteenth volume of the Walpole Society, 1927-28, p. 28: 
'[August 1760. Lord Strafford] has begun a much more beautiful side front'; also 
p. 65: '[September 1768, at Lord Strafford's] I had been there before, but had not 
seen the new front, entirely designed by the present Earl himself. Nothing ever 
came up to the beauty of it. The grace, proportion, lightness, and magnificence 
of it are exquisite.' It is likely that HW composed his verses in September 1768 
or soon afterwards. He included 'Lines on the new front of Wentworth Castle' 
in his list (written ca. 1780) of verses to be printed in his quarto Works, and again 
in a list drawn up in 1790 or later (MSS in the Morgan Library). Perhaps Miss 
Berry rejected the poem or perhaps HW later decided not to preserve it. I do 
not think it was ever published, and although the MS may well exist, I have 
not traced it. 

Henry Seymour Con way wrote to HW, 6 August 1740 (printed in Lord Albe- 
marle's Memoirs of Rockingham, 1852, 1.374): 'Your ballad is extremely pretty, 
and I think you have done it great injury to put it up in that halfpenny form, 
with such a title, and a frontispiece that I could have done myself.' HW was in 
Italy at this time. Since we have no knowledge of anything published by HW in 
this period, it is possible that the letter refers to a MS sent by HW to Conway. 
If the text was of HW's composition, this would represent an unidentified poem 

HW wrote to Lord Hertford, 12 February 1765: 'If it was not too long to 
transcribe, I would send you an entertaining petition of the Perriwig makers to 
the King, in which they complain that men will wear their own hair. Should 
one almost wonder if carpenters were to remonstrate, that since the peace their 
trade decays, and that there is no demand for wooden legs?* Croker's note on this 
passage, in 1825, calls attention to the 'Historical Chronicle' for n February 
in the Gentleman's Magazine for February 1765, in which it is reported that a 
petition of the master peruke-makers was presented to the King, setting forth 
the distresses 'occasioned by the present mode of men in all stations wearing 
their own hair, [etc.]' The 'Historical Chronicle' continues: In ridicule of the 
barbers, a petition from the company of body Carpenters, as they are called, 
was ludicrously framed, imploring his majesty to wear a wooden leg himself, 
and to enjoin all his servants to appear . . . with the same badge of honor, &c/ 
Croker says: 'It may be presumed that this jeu d 9 esprit was from the pen of Mr. 
Walpole.' Such an attribution seems not unreasonable; but unless the comic 
petition was printed in a newspaper of the day, it must be counted as an un- 
pnnted and (at present) a lost MS. 


Abbreviations 13, 14. 

'Abstract of the Kings and Queens of Eng- 
land* 177. 

Account of his Conduct, in a letter to 
George, Earl of Orford 176, 

Account of Mr. Chute and Miss Nicoll 

i 7 6. 

Account of my Conduct 82. 

Account of the Giants 67-69. 

Additional papers relative to Chatterton 

'Address on the King's Speech* 177. 

Address to the Public on the Late Dismis- 
sion of a General Officer 50. 

Advertisement for a History of Good 
Breeding 155. 

Advertisement of the She- Witch from Lap- 
land 153. 

Advertisements by HW. See Prefaces. 

'Advice, The' 84. 

Aedes Walpolianae 10, 26-32. 

Akenside, Mark, editor 155. 

Almon, John (1737-1805), publisher 50; 
Biographical, Literary , and Political An- 
ecdotes 47, 159, 162; Collection of Scarce 
and Interesting Tracts 50; Debates of 
the House of Commons 155; History of 
the late Minority 47; Review of Lord 
Bute's Administration 47; Review of 
Mr. Pitt's Administration 47. 

Andrews, Miles Peter 169. 

Anecdotes of Painting 9, 45, 48. 

Anecdotes of Polite Literature 172. 

Anecdotes told me by Lady Denbigh 101. 

Annesley, Francis (d. 1812) 147. 

Answer from Lien Chi in Pekin to Xo Ho 

Answer to Lord Bolingbroke's Letters on 

the Study of History 172. 
'Apicius' pseud, of HW 178. 
'As the Mole's silent Stream* 172. 
Ashton, Thomas (1716-75) 156, 175; HW's 

letters to 93. 

Asylum for Fugitive Pieces 164, 
Authentick Copy of the last Will and 

Testament [of Robert Earl of Orford] 


Baker, Rev. Thomas (1656-1740) 81, 82. 

Ballad, HW's, referred to 178. 

Banks, John, editor 154. 

Bannerman, Alexander 170. 

Barebone, Issachar, pseud. See Ralph, 


Barker, G. F. R., editor 95. 
Barnardiston, Hester 52. 
Barry, James, painter, HW's reply to 177. 
Bartholomew, Augustus Theodore (1882- 

1933) 48. 

Bath, Earl of. See Pulteney, William. 
Bathoe, William (d. 1768), publisher 41, 

47, 48, 49, 54, 55, 120-124. 
Beauclerk, Lady Diana (Spencer) (1734- 

1808) 84. 

Beauties f The 22-24, 156. 
Becket, Thomas, publisher 45, 132, 142. 
Bedford, Grosvenor 31. 
Bedford, John Russell (1766-1839), 6th 

Duke of 87. 

Bee-keeping, HW's letter on 177. 
Bell and Bradfute, publishers 89. 
Bensley, Thomas (d. 1833), Pinter 145. 
Bentley, Richard (1708-82) 93, 175, 177; 

Designs for Six Poems by Gray: see 


Gray, Thomas; Designs for Walpole's 
Fugitive Pieces 43, 101; Reflections on 
Cruelty 47, 128-130. 

Bentley, Richard (1794-1871), publisher 
66, 91, 93, 96, 97, 157, 175. 

Bentley, Mrs. Richard, Collection of MSS 
93> *53> 157* 163, 175, 176, 177. 

Berkeley, Lady Elizabeth. See Craven, 
Elizabeth Berkeley, Lady. 

Berry, Mary (1763-1852) 56, 72, 75, 141, 
166, 175-178; Letters of HW to 91, 93. 

Berry, Robert 75. 

Bibliography of the Strawberry Hill Press 
7, 8, 9; Corrections to 11-13. 

Bickham, George, engraver 175. 

Birch, George 52, 57, 62. 

Birrell, A., engraver 61, 63. 

Blackwood, William (1776-1836), pub- 
lisher 89. 

Blizard, Sir William, 'Stanzas on viewing 
Strawberry Hill' 169. 

Bodoni, Giambattista (1740-1813), printer 

Bone, Henry, Catalogue of Miniature Por- 
traits at Woburn Abbey 87. 

Bonfoy, Nicholas (d. 1775) 49. 

Book of Visitors 175. 

Books of Materials 166, 175. 

Boswell, James 1 34. 

Brown, H. Glenn 173. 

Buck (Buc), Sir George (d. 1623), History 
of Richard HI 69. 

Buckingham, Duke of. See Villiers, George 

Burrell, Lady, Lines sent to Mr. Walpole 

Bute, John Stuart (1713-92), 3d E. of 45. 

Butler, John (1717-1802), Bishop of Here- 
ford, Serious Considerations on the 
Measures of the Present Administration 

Cadell, Thomas (1742-1802), publisher 71, 

Cambridge University, Gratulatio 105- 

Campbell, Lady Mary (1727-1811), m. Ed- 
ward Coke: HW's verses to 52, 54,* HW's 
Mock sermon to 166. 

'Card to Lady Blandford' 84. 

Caroline (1683-1737), Queen of England, 
Pictures of 122, 123. 

Carter, John, Specimens of Ancient Sculp- 
ture and Painting 169. 

Case of the Entail 176. 

Case of the Hanover Forces 173. 

Case of the Hessian Forces 173. 

Castle of Otranto 8, 9, 48, 52-67. 

Catalogue of Pictures and Drawings in the 
Holbein Chamber 45. 

Catalogue of Pictures of Charles 1 120- 


Catalogue of the Pictures belonging to 

James II 122, 123. 
Catalogue of the Pictures belonging to the 

Duke of Buckingham 122, 124. 
Catalogue of the Royal and Noble Au- 
thors of England 9, 42, 48, 81. 
Catherine (1485-1536) of Aragon, Q. of 

Henry VIII 164. 
Chamber(s), Anna. See Temple. 
Chanson on Lady Caroline Petersham and 

Col. Conway 166. 

'Character of George, Lord Lyttelton' 177. 
Character of King George III 177. 
Character of the 5th Duke of Devonshire 


Character of Wedderburn 177. 
Charles I, King of England, Catalogue of 

Pictures of 120-122. 

Chesterfield, Philip Dormer Stanhope 
(1694-1773), 4th E. of: Case of the Han- 
over Forces 173; contributes to the 
World 157; letters of 9; HW's Notes on 
his Works 98, 99; Parody of 83. 
Chronicle of the Kings of England 19. 
Chute, John (1701-76) 176. 
Clarke, Anne Melicent, m. (1802) E. H. 

Deline" 61, 63, 64. 
Classic Memoirs 95. 

Clive, Catherine (1711-85) 164; HW's Epi- 
logue spoken by 163. 
Coke, Lady Mary. See Campbell, Lady 

Colburn, Henry, publisher 89, 91, 149, 


Cole, Rev. William (1714-82) 52, 130, 143; 
HW's letters to 89, 90. 


Commonplace Book of Horace Walpole's 

Congratulatory Letter to Selim 34. 

Considerations on the present dangerous 
Crisis (Ruffhead) 45. 

Considerations on the present German 
War 171. 

Considerations on the present state of af- 
fairs in Europe 173. 

'Constant Correspondent, A' pseud, of 
HW 162. 

Continuation of Baker's Chronicle 83. 

Convention vindicated, The 173. 

Conwayj Francis Seymour (1719-94), E. of 
Hertford 91. 

Con way, Henry Seymour (1719-95), Gen- 
eral 50, 178; HW's verses to 159. 

Cooper, Mary, publisher 24, 25, 32, 34, 43, 
48, 111. 

Cornbury, Henry Hyde, Lord. See Hyde, 

Correspondence of HW 9, 11, 84, 85; Col- 
lected editions of 91, 92. 

Corticchiato, Dominique 67. 

Counter- Address to the Public 47, 50-52. 

'Countess Temple appointed Poet Laure- 
ate' 84. 

Craven, Elizabeth Berkeley (1750-1828), 
Baroness 61; Modern Anecdote 169; 
translation of the Sleep-Walker 141. 

Crewe, Robert Offley Ashburton Crewe- 
Milnes (1858-1945), E. of 12. 

Criticism on Johnson 83. 

Croker, John Wilson (1780-1857), .editor 
91, 178. 

Gumming, John, publisher 89. 

Cunningham, Peter (1816-69), editor 93. 

D., C., correspondent of European Maga- 
zine 87. 
Davies, Thomas (i7i2?-85), publisher 131- 

134. 137* I ^ H2- 

'Dear Witches/ in Old England 153. 

Dedications by HW. See Prefaces. 

Defense of Mr, Rousseau. See Greene, Ed- 
ward Burnaby. 

'Delenda est Oxonia' 166. 

Description of the Villa 49, 75. 

Description of the Works of Hollar 125. 

Descriptive Catalogue of the Portraits . . . 

at Woburn Abbey 87. 
Designs by Mr. R. Bentley for Six Poems 

by Mr. T. Gray. See Gray, Thomas. 
Desmond, Countess of. See Fitzgerald, 


'Destruction of the French Navy* 177. 
Detached Pieces printed at SH 12, 13. 
Detached Thoughts 83. 
'Detection of a late Forgery' [Testament 

Politique] 81. 
Devonshire, William (1748-1811), 5th 

Duke of, his Character by HW 177. 
Dialogue between two great Ladies 43-45, 

Dickenson, Mrs. Mary (Hamilton) (1756- 

1816) 62. 

'Directions for publishing' 177. 
'Dissertation on the Liberty of the Press* 

in Old England 171. 
Dobson, Austin 149. 
Dodsley, James (1724-97), publisher 56, 

71, 139, 140, 142. 
Dodsley, Robert (1703-64), publisher 9, 

24, 25, 30, 48, 110-112, 114-117, 155, 

157; his Collection of Poems 24, 26, 156. 
Doran, John (1807-78), editor 75. 
Dover, George James Welbore Agar-Ellis 

(1797-1833), first Baron, editor 91. 
Duchess of Portland's Museum 101. 
Du Deffand, Marie de Vichy-Champrond 

(1696-1780), Letters of 93. 
Dyce Collection 28. 

Eckardt (Eccardt), John Giles (d. 1779) 22, 


Edward VI, King of England, Letters 136. 
Edwards, James (1757-1816), bookseller 

56, 76, 77. 

Eidous, Marc Antoine 55. 
Elegy wrote in a Country Church Yard 


English Connoisseur 31. 
'Entail, The* 43. 
Epigram on Admiral Vernon 43. 
Epigrams 84. 

Epilogue to Braganza, HW's 136. 
Epilogue to Mrs. Griffith's The Times, 

HW's 84, 141-143. 


Epilogue to Tamerlane, HW's 24-26, 52, 


Epilogues. See also Prologues and Epi- 

Epistle for the Day 22. 

'Epistle from Florence to Thomas Ashton' 


Epitaph for Lady Townshend's youngest 
Son 176, 177. 

'Epitaph on Lady Ossory's Bullfinches' 84. 

Epitaph on Mrs. Olive's Monument 164. 

Epitaph on the Cenotaph of Lady Wai- 
pole 43. 

'Epitaphium vivi auctoris' 84. 

Essay on Modern Gardening 75. 

Essay on the Liberty of the Press 171. 

Essex, George Capel (1757-1839), 5th E. 
of 149. 

Essex, James (1722-84), architect 164. 

Etchings by Lady Louisa Augusta Greville 

1 3- 

Evans, Thomas (d. 1784), publisher 137- 


Evelyn, Elizabeth 22. 

Evening Lessons, The, being the First and 
Second Chapters of the Book of Enter- 
tainments 22. 

Evening Lessons for the Day 21. 

Fairfax, Brian (1633-1711) 124. 

'Fairy Tale, A' 175. 

Farren, Eliza (1759?-! 829), later Countess 
of Derby 141. 

Felton, Samuel, Imperfect Hints toward a 
new Edition of Shakespeare 169. 

Ferrers, Laurence Shirley (1720-60), 4th 
Earl 43. 

Fitz-Adam, Adam, pseud. See Moore, Ed- 

Fitzgerald, Catherine (d. 1604), Countess 
of Desmond 43. 

Forlorn Printer . . . Thomas Kir gate, 
The 101. 

Foundling Hospital for Wit, Pieces re- 
printed in the 21, 22, 26, 36, 39. 

Four Letters published in Old England 

Fox, Lady Caroline (1723-74) 2^ 157. 

Fox, Henry (1705-74), later Lord Holland 

22, 157. 
Fox, Henry Richard Vassall (1773-1840), 

3d Baron Holland, editor 95. 
Francklin, Richard (d. 1765), printer 158. 
Fraser, Sir William Augustus (1826-98), 

editor 98, 100. 
Frederick Louis, Prince of Wales (1707- 

51), Verses on his marriage 105107. 
Fugitive Pieces 41, 42, 43. 
Fugitive Verses, Horace Walpole's, ed. by 

W, S. Lewis 9, 98, and passim. 
Full and particular Account of a bloody 

Duel between [Chetwynd and Horace 

Walpole] 172. 
'Funeral of the Lioness* 83. 

'Garland, The* 165. 

Gatty, Hugh 167. 

Genuine Copy of a Letter found near 
Strawberry Hill 170. 

'George III and his Ministers' 177. 

George III, King of England, his Charac- 
ter by HW 177. 

Gibbon, Edward 72. 

Gilpin, William, Essay on Prints 169. 

Goldsmith, Oliver 41. 

Gough, Richard (1735-1809) 73, 125; Se- 
pulchral Monuments 143-145. 

Graham, Josiah, publisher 41, 48. 

Grammont (Gramont), Comte de, Me- 
moires 136. 

Grand Question Debated, The 173. 

Granger, James (1723-76), Biographical 
History of England 130-136, 169, 175; 
Letters 130. 

Grangerizing 134, 135. 

Gratulatio Academiae Cantabrigiensis 

Gray, Thomas 9, 30, 156; Designs by Mr. 
R. Bentley for Six Poems by 10, 113- 
120; Elegy 9, 110-113; HW's letters to 
93; 'Memoir' by HW 165; Ode on a Dis- 
tant Prospect of Eton College no; 
PoemS; ed. Mason 138-141; 'Seeds of 
Poetry and Rhime' attributed to 166. 

Greathead (Greatheed), Bertie (1759- 
1826) 62. 


Greene, Edward Burnaby, Defense of Mr. 
Rousseau, dedicated to HW 161. 

Griffith, Mrs. Elizabeth (i72O?-93), The 
Times 141-143. 

Griffiths, Ralph (1720-1803), editor 116. 

Guidickens, Frederick William (d. 1779), 
Answer to Mr. Walpole's Late Work 
[Historic Doubts] 73. 

Gulliver's Travels, Sequel to 165. 

Gulhrie, William, editor 154; Address to 
the Public 50; Reply to the Counter- 
Address 50. 

Hamilton, Anthony (ca. 1645-1720). See 

Grammont, Comte de. 
Hamilton, William Gerard (1729-96) 173. 
Hardwicke, Earl of. See Yorke, 
Hawkesworth, John 155. 
Hawkins, Sir John, History of Music 175. 
Hawthorne, J., his copy of Hentzner's 

Journey 147. 

Hawtrey, Edward Craven (1789-1862) 72. 
Hayter, Thomas 171. 
Heath, James (17571834), engraver 79. 
Heathcote, Ralph, Letter to Walpole 162. 
Hentzner, Paul, Journey 125, 147, 148. 
Herbert of Cherbury, Edward, Lord, Life 

Hertford, Francis Seymour Conway (1719- 
94), created (1750) Earl of, HW's letters 
to 91. 

Hieroglyphic Tales 75, 165. 

Historic Doubts on Richard III 69-74. 

'History of Mme. Du Barry* 177. 

Hobson, G. D. 63. 

Hoey, James, bookseller in Dublin 54. 

Holbein Chamber, Catalogue of Pictures 
and Drawings in 45. 

Holland. See Fox. 

Hollar, Wenceslaus (1607-77), engraver 

Howard, H., Choice Spirits Museum 159. 

Hoyland, Francis, Poems 130. 

Hughs, John (d. 1771), printer 30. 

Hume, David 72, 83, 160. 

Hyde, Henry (1710-53), Viscount Corn- 
bury, The Mistakes 125-127, 147. 

Imitation of Lucan, by HW 176. 
Impenetrable Secret 173. 

Inscription for the Neglected Column at 

Florence 42. 
Inscription on a Picture of the late Pope 


'Instructions to my Successors at SH' 177. 
Interest of Great Britain steadily pursued 


Introductions by HW. See Prefaces. 
Isabelle et Theodore 65. 
Ives, John, Select Papers 169. 

James II, King of England, Catalogue of 

Pictures of 122, 123. 
Jeffery, Edward, publisher 65, 80, 149. 
Jephson, Robert (1736-1803), Braganza 

1 36-1 38; Count of Narbonne 56, 169, 

Jerningham, Edward (1727-1812) 165; 

The Swedish Curate 169. 
Johnson, Samuel 117, 134, 157. 
Journal of the Printing Office 98. 
Journal of the Reign of George HI 95-97. 
'Journals of Visits to Country Seats' 166. 
Journey to Houghton. See Whaley, John. 
'Judgment of Solomon* 176. 
Junot, Marshal Andache (1771-1813), 

Due d'Abrantes 61. 
Junto, The 177. 

Kearsley, George, publisher 49. 

Ketton-Cremer, R. W. 149. 

Kirgate, Thomas, printer 12, 45, 47, 62, 

79, 87, 101, 115, 120, 128, 164. 
Knapton, John and Paul, publishers 108. 
Knight, Charles (1791-1873), publisher 91. 
Knight, E. Cornelia, Marcus Flaminius 

Langley, William, Mayor of Lynn 162. 
Lawrence, Sir Thomas (1769-1830), 

painter 79. 

Lea and Blanchard, publishers 95. 
Le Marchant, Sir Denis (1795-1874), 

editor 95. 
Lennox, Lady Georgiana Caroline. See 

Fox, Lady Caroline. 
Lesson for the Day (by Michael Ben 

Haddi) 22. 

Lessons for Evening Service 22. 
Lessons for the Day 19-22. 


Letter from Madame de Sevigne, HW's 

Letter from the King o Prussia to Rous- 
seau 8, 160162. 

Letter from Xo Ho 39-42, 48. 

Letter to Horace Walpole 172, 173. 

Letter to the Editor of . . . Chatterton 75. 

Letter to the Gazetteer on Bee-keeping in 
Spain 177. 

Letter to the Mayor of Lynn 162. 

Letter to the Tories 32. 

Letter to the Whigs 32-34, 49. 

Letters 84, 85. 

Letters of Edward VI 136. 

Letters of HW, Collected editions of 91, 


Letters to and from Ministers 82. 
Letters to and from Richard West 84. 
Letters to Cole 89, 90. 
Letters to George Montagu 87-89. 
Letters to the Earl of Hertford 91. 
Lewis, Lady Maria Theresa (1803-65), 

editor 93, 166. 

Lewis, Wilmarth S., editor 93, 98, 101. 
Liberty of the Press, Essays on, attributed 

to HW 171. 
Liddell, Anne (1738-1804), Lady Ossory, 

HW's letters to 91. 
Lien Chi 41. 
Life of Edward, Lord Herbert of Cher- 

bury 9, 130. 

Life of Rev. Thomas Baker 81, 82. 
'Life of the King of Naples' 177. 
Lines on the Duchess of Queensbury 163. 
'Lines on the New Front of Wentworth 

Castle' 178. 

'Lines to Lady Anne Fitzpatrick' 84. 
'Little Peggy, a Prophetic Eclogue' 175. 
'Loose Thoughts' 177. 
Louis XVI, King of France 72. 
Lowndes (Lownds), Thomas (1719-84), 

publisher 52, 54. 
Lysons, Daniel (1762-1834), Environs of 

London 169, 175. 
Lyttelton, George (1709-73), later Lord 

Lyttelton 32; his Character by HW 177. 

Maclure, Colonel Alan F. 98. 
Magazines. See Periodicals. 

Malcolm, James Peller (1767-1815), editor 


Mann, Sir Horace, Letters of HW to 91. 
Mansfield, William Murray (1705-93), 

Earl of, his Portrait by HW 177. 
Manuscripts by HW, Unpublished 11, 


Marshall, William 52. 

Martin, John, editor 87, 89. 

Mason, William (1725-97), editor of 
Gray's Poems 138-141; Heroic Epistle 
49, 152; Heroic Postscript 152; HW's 
letters to 91; Satirical Poems with Notes 
by HW 152. 

Masters, Robert (1713-98), Some Remarks 
on Historic Doubts 73. 

Mauduit, Israel 171. 

Mead, Richard (1673-1754) 48, 134. 

Medalist, The 171. 

Medland, Thomas (d. 1833), engraver 64. 

Meil, J. W., engraver 63. 

Memoir of Gray, by HW 165. 

Memoires of the Reign of George II 84, 

85> 93. 95- 

" Memoirs from the Declaration of the War 
with Spain' 177. 

Memoirs of Horace Walpole and his Con- 
temporaries 149, 151. 

Memoirs of the Reign of George III 48, 

49^ 93 95* 9 6 l(5 - 
Memoirs of the Reign of George III, 

1783-179* 177- 
Memoirs of the Reigns of George II and 

George III 8, 93-97. 
Memoranda Walpoliana 101. 
Mendez, Jael 163. 
Mendez, Moses, Collection of the most 

esteemed Pieces of Poetry 163. 
Middleton, Dr. Conyers 175. 
Middleton, N., publisher 41. 
Milles, Jeremiah (1714-84), Dean of 

Exeter, 'Observations on the Wardrobe 

Account' 73. 

Miscellaneous Antiquities 136. 
'Miscellaneous Antiquities/ ed. by W. S. 

Lewis 43, 98, 101. 
Miser, The 170. 

Mississippi Colonization Scheme 173. 
Mistakes, The 125-127. 



Mitford, John (1781-1859), editor 91, 165. 
Mock Sermon to Lady Mary Coke 166. 
Montagu, Lord Frederick (1774-1827) 89. 
Montagu, George, Letters of HW to 87- 

Moody, Elizabeth, 'On the Death of 

Horace Walpole' 170. 
Moore, Edward, editor 157; Trial of Selim 

the Persian 34. 
More, Hannah, Florio 169, 
Mountstuart, Lord. See Stuart, John 

Miiller (Miller), Johann Sebastian (1715?- 

90?), engraver 115. 
Miintz, John Henry, painter 93. 
Mural to, Onuphrio 52. 
Murphy, Arthur, Prologue to Braganza 


Murray, John (i745~93)> publisher 55, 94. 
Murray, John (1778-1843), publisher 89. 
Museum , The 155. 
Mysterious Mother 74. 

Narrative of the Quarrel between Hume 

and Rousseau 83. 
Nature Will Prevail 81. 
New Foundling Hospital for Wit; pieces 

reprinted in 42, 43, 159, 163, 164. 
New Lesson for Pope 22. 
Newspapers, Contributions by HW to: 
Advertisement of the She-Witch from 

Lapland (Daily Advertiser) 153. 
Epilogue spoken by Mrs. Clive (Public 

Advertiser) 163. 
Epitaph on Mrs. dive's Monument 

(London Evening Post) 164. 
Letter from King of Prussia (St. James's 

Chronicle) 160. 

Letter on Bee-keeping in Spain (Gazet- 
teer) 177. 
Letter to Mayor of Lynn (St. James's 

Chronicle) 162. 

Letters (Public Advertiser) 162. 
Political papers (London Evening Post) 

159, 160. 
'The Three Vernons' (St. James's 

Chronicle) 164. 

Verses for the Monument of Queen 
Catherine (Public Advertiser) 164. 

Verses occasioned by a late Will (Lon- 
don Evening Post) 155. 
Verses to General Conway (Public Ad- 
vertiser) 159. 
Nichols, John (1745-1826), publisher 144, 


Nicoll (Nichol), Margaret 176. 
Noble, Francis (d. 1792), publisher 67. 
Noble, Rev. Mark (1754-1827), editor, 

Biographical History of England 134, 

Norfolk Tour 31. 

North Briton 50. 

Notes by Horace Walpole on Several 

Characters of Shakespeare 101. 
Notes of an interview with the Prince of 

Wales 177. 
Notes on Lord Chesterfield's Works 98, 

'Notes on the Exhibitions of the Society 

of Artists and the Free Society' 167. 
Notes on the Poems of Alexander Pope 

98, 100. 

Notes on the sessions o Parliament 177. 
Notes to the Portraits at Woburn Abbey 


'On Seeing Strawberry HilF 170. 

*On the Duchess of Kingston's going to 
Rome' 177. 

Opposition, The 173. 

Opposition to the late Minister Vindicated 

Orford, George, 3d Earl, Hasty Produc- 
tions 172. 

Orford, Horace Walpole, 4th Earl of. See 
under Walpole, and passim under titles 
of his works. 

Original Speech of Sir William Stanhope 

36, 37- 

Osborn, Danvers 31. 
Ossory, Lady. See Liddell, Anne. 

'Parallel of Sir Robert Walpole and Mr. 

Pelhani' 95. 

Paris Journals 166, 167, 175. 
'Parish Register of Twickenham' 83. 
Park, Thomas (1759-1834), editor 42. 
Parody of Corneille's Cinna 176. 



Parody of Lord Chesterfield's Letters 83. 

Patapan 176, 

Patch, Thomas, Life of Fra Bartolommeo 


Payne, Thomas (1719-99), publisher 144. 
'Peach in Brandy, The* 165. 
Percy, Thomas (1729-1811), Bishop of 

Dromore 55. 
Periodicals, Contributions by HW to: 

Essay in Ralph's Protester 158. 

Essays in Dodsley's Museum 155. 

Essays in Old England 153, 154. 

Essays in the Remembrancer 156, 157. 

Essays in the World 157, 158. 

'The Garland' in Quarterly Review 165. 

Lines on Duchess of Queensbury in 
Gentleman's Magazine 163. 

Speech in Parliament in London Maga- 
zine 155. 

'Strawberry Hill, a Ballad' in Gentle- 
man's Magazine 158. 

Verses to Edward Jerningham in 

European Magazine 165. 
Phillips, Richard (1767-1840), publisher 

145, 146. 

Philo-Briton, his Letter to Lien Chi 41. 
Pindar, Peter, pseud. See Wolcot, John. 
Pinkerton, John, Walpoliana 145-147, 

149; Essay on Medals 170. 
Piozzi, Mrs. Hester Lynch (Thrale), mar- 
ginal notes in Letters to Montagu 85. 
Pitt, William (1708-78), later E. of Chat- 
ham 45. 

Political Register 173. 
Pont-de-Veyle, Comte de, translation of 

his Somnambule by Lady Craven 141. 
Poole, Austin Lane, editor 117-119. 
Pope, Alexander, HW's notes on his 

Works 98, 100. 

Porter, Mary (d, 1765) 127, 147. 
Portrait of Lord Mansfield 177. 
Portrait of Mme. du Deffand 84. 
Postscript to Historic Doubts 73, 78, 81. 
Postscript to Royal and Noble Authors 42. 
'Praises of a Poet's Life* 175. 
Pratt, William, printer 48. 
Prefaces by HW, Books with: 

Bentley's Designs for Six Poems by 
Gray 113-120. 

Bentley's Reflections on Cruelty 128- 

Catalogue of Pictures belonging to 
James the Second 122, 123. 

Catalogue of Pictures belonging to the 
Duke of Buckingham 122, 124. 

Catalogue of Pictures of Charles the 
First 120-122. 

Gray's Elegy 1 10-1 13. 

Gray's Poems with Designs by Bentley 

Hentzner's Journey 125, 147. 

Hoyland's Poems 130. 

Lady Temple's Poems (Prefatory verses) 

Letters of Edward the Sixth 136. 

Life of Lord Herbert of Cherbury 130. 

Lord Cornbury's Mistakes 125-127. 

Memoires du Comte de Grammont 136. 

Miscellaneous Antiquities 136. 

Sleep-Walker (Prefatory verses) 141. 

Whitworth's Account of Russia 128. 
Private Correspondence of HW 91. 
Proby, Major R. G. 62. 
Proclamation, A f a Poem 171. 
Prologue and Epilogue to the Mysterious 

Mother 84. 

Prologue to the Count of Narbonne attrib- 
uted to HW 172. 
Prologues and Epilogues by HW: 

Epilogue spoken by Mrs. Clive 163. 

Epilogue to Braganza 136. 

Epilogue to Tamerlane 24-26, 52, 156. 

Epilogue to The Times 84, 141. 

Prologue and Epilogue to the Mysteri- 
ous Mother 84. 
Protester, The 158. 
Pulteney, William (1684-1764), cr. (1742) 

E. of Bath 19, 158, 159. 
Pye, Mrs. J. Henrietta (Mrs. Robert 

Hampden Pye), Poems 163. 

Queensbury, Catherine Douglas (d. 1777), 
Duchess of 163. 

Ralph, James (i7os?-62), editor 157, 158. 
Rambler, The 157. 

Ranby, John (1703-73), Narrative of the 
last Illness of Lord Orford 107-109. 


Redmond, Jean de (ca. 1709-78), Lieuten- 
ant General 69. 

Reed, Isaac (1742-1807) 128. 

Rees-Mogg, W. 81. 

Reflections on Cruelty 128-130. 

Remembrancer, The 156, 157. 

Reminiscences 83, 145. 

Reply to Dean Milles, HW's 73, 75. 

Reply to Mr. Robert Masters, HW's 73. 

'Retreat for the Gods, A' 170. 

Reveley, Willey (d. 1799) 61. 

Reynolds, Sir Joshua 169. 

Richardson, Samuel (1689-1761), pub- 
lisher 126. 

Riddles by HW 84. 

Ripley, Thomas, Plans, Elevations and 
Sections . . . of Houghton 31. 

'Rise, Cynthia, rise,' a song 172. 

Robinson, G. G. and J., publishers 76, 77. 

Rodwell and Martin, publishers 89, 91. 

Rousseau, Jean Jacques 83, 160. 

Rowe, Nicholas, Epilogue by HW to his 
Tamerlane. See Epilogue. 

Ruffhead, Owen (1723-69), writer 45. 

Russell, John, 6th D. of Bedford. See 

Sackville, Lord George (1716-85) 43. 
Scheme for a Tax on Message Cards 155. 
Seeker, Thomas, Letter to Walpole 173. 
Second and Third Letter to the Whigs 

34-S 6 - 
'Seeds of Poetry and Rhime' 166. 

Seeley, Leonard Ben ton (1831-93), 
Horace Walpole and his World 149. 

Select Observations 101. 

Sequel to Gulliver's Travels 165. 

Sermon on Painting 26. 

Sharpe, John, publisher 145. 

Sherburn, George 98. 

She-Witch from Lapland, Pretended Ad- 
vertisement of 153. 

'Short Notes' 14, 177. 

Sivrac, George 61. 

'Sketch of a History by John Short, Gent/ 

Sleep-Walker, The 141. 

Smith, Robert Vernon (1800-73), editor 
91, 165. 

Sonnet to Lady Mary Coke, HW's 54, 57. 

Spectator, The, parody of by HW 165. 

Speech in Parliament on the Hanoverian 
Troops 154, 155. 

Speech of Richard White-Liver 38, 39. 

Speech without Doors 36. 

Spencer, John (d. 1746), HW's verses on 
his will 155. 

'Spirit of the Present Reign' 177. 

Stanhope, Sir William (1702-72) 36. 

Stokes, Francis Griffin, editor 112. 

Strafford, Earl of. See Wentworth. 

'Strawberry Hill, a Ballad* 158, 159. 

Strawberry Hill Accounts 98. 

Strawberry Hill Bibliography. See Bibli- 
ography of the SH Press. 

Stuart, John. See Bute, John Stuart 
(1713-92), 3dE. of. 

Stuart, John (1744-1814), Viscount 
Mountstuart, purchases Granger's MSS 


Suard, Jean-Baptiste-Antoine (1733-1817), 
Expose succinct de la contestation entre 
M. Hume et M. Rousseau 161. 

Summers, Rev. Montague, editor 67. 

'Sunday, or The Presence Chamber' 175. 

Supplement to Historic Doubts 72, 81. 

Tamerlane, Epilogue to. See Epilogue. 

Tavistock, Francis Russell (1739-67), 
styled Marquis of 164. 

Temple, Anne Chambers (ca. 1709-77), 
Countess, Poems 130. 

Testament Politique du Chevalier Robert 

Theodore of Corsica, Account of 43. 

Thirlby, Styan (i686?-i753) 32. 

'Thoughts on keeping holy the Sabbath, 
by J. Cardan' 177. 

Thoughts on Tragedy and on Comedy 
81, 138. 

Three Letters to the Whigs 32, 36. 

'Three Vernons, The' 164. 

'To Britannia' 177. 

'To Edward Jerningham' 165. 

'To Lady Craven' 84. 

'To Love' 84. 

'To the Authoress of some lines on Straw- 
berry Hill' 163. 

187 3 


'Toby/ HW's pseud. 162. 
Tonson, J. and R., publishers 129, 171. 
Toynbee, Paget, editor 93, 98, 152, 166. 
Toynbee, Mrs. Paget, editor 93. 
Turner, R. S., editor 98, 99. 

Upper Ossory, Countess of. See Liddell, 


Valpy, Richard (1754-1836) 147. 

Van Der Dort (Doort), Abraham (d. 164.0), 

editor 120. 

Vernon, Joseph (i738?-82) 159. 
Verses at Middleton Stoney 172. 
'Verses in Memory of King Henry the 

Sixth* 42. 
Verses in Memory of the Marquis of Tav- 

istock 164. 
Verses for the Monument of Queen Cath- 

erine 164. 

'Verses occasioned by a late WilF 155. 
Verses on Celia 83. 

Verses on the Fireworks for the Peace 176. 
Verses to General Conway 159. 
Verses to John Dodd 175. 
Verses to Lady Temple 130. 
Verses to Mrs. Pitt 166. 
'Verses to my Pen* 166. 
Verses to Zelinda 175. 
Vertue, George (1684-1756), engraver and 

editor 28, 120, 121, 122. 
Villiers, George (1628-87), 2d D. of Buck- 

ingham 122, 124. 
Vindication of the Conduct of the present 

Vision, The 21. 

Voltaire (Frangois-Marie Arouet) (1694- 
54> 55 7i- 

Waldegrave, Geoffrey Noel, 12th Earl 

Waldegrave, his collection of Walpolian 

books and MSS 14, and passim. 
Waller Collection 14, 19, 43, 62, 73, 79, 83, 

98, 152, 154, 157, 167. 
Walpole, Horace, Books edited by 10; 

Letters of Edward the Sixth 136. 

Life of Lord Herbert of Cherbury 130. 

Memoires du Comte de Grammont 136. 

Miscellaneous Antiquities 136. 

Walpole, Horace, Books published by: 

Hentzner's Journey 125. 

Lady Temple's Poems 1 30. 

Letters of Edward the Sixth 136. 

Life of Lord Herbert of Cherbury 130. 

Memoires du Comte de Grammont 136. 

Miscellaneous Antiquities 136. 

Whitworth's Account of Russia 128. 
Walpole, Horace, Books with notes or 
additions by: 

Cambridge Gratulatio 105. 

Gough's Sepulchral Monuments 143. 

Granger's Biographical History 130. 

Hawkins's History of Music 175. 

Lysons's Environs of London 175. 

Mason's Poems 152. 

Notes on Lord Chesterfield's Works 98. 

Notes on Several Characters of Shake- 
speare 101. 

'Notes on the Exhibitions of the Society 
of Artists and the Free Society' 167. 

Notes on the Poems of Pope 98. 

Ranby's Narrative 107. 

Sir C. H. Williams's Works 149. 
Walpole, Horace, Books with Prefaces by. 

See Prefaces by HW. 

Walpole, Horace, Prologues and Epi- 
logues by. See Prologues. 
Walpole, Horace. See further under in- 
dividual titles. 
Walpole, Horatio (1678-1757), ist Baron 

Walpole 171, 172, 173. 
Walpole, Horatio (1752-1822), 2d Earl 

of the 3d creation 172. 
Walpole, Sir Robert (1676-1745) 19, 107, 

Walpole, Sir Spencer (1839-1907), editor 


Walpole, Thomas (1727-1803) 162, 173. 
Walpoliana 145-147. 
Walpoliana, by Lord Hardwicke 146. 
'Walpoliana/ edited by Paget Toynbee 

from HW's Books of Materials and 

Paris Journals 166. 
Warburton, Eliot (1810-52), Memoirs of 

HW 149, 151. 

Ward, Anne (d. 1789), printer 139. 
Watts, Elizabeth, bookseller in Dublin 54. 
Webb, W., printer 20, 34, 36, 39. 



Wedderburn, Alexander (1733-1805), his 

Character by HW 177. 
Wentworth Castle, HW's verses on 178. 
Wentworth, William (1722-91), ad E. of 

Strafford 178. 
West, Richard (1716-42), HW's letters to 

Whaley, John, Collection of original 

Poems and Translations 170; Journey 

to Houghton 26; The Miser 170. 
'What a rout do you make* 84. 
White, Benjamin (d. 1794), publisher 73. 
Whiteliver, Richard 39. 
Whitworth, Charles (1675-1725), Lord 

Whitworth, Account of Russia 48, 128. 
Whytt, Robert, Essay on the Virtues of 

Lime-water 171. 
Wilkes, John (1727-97) 47. 
Willes, Sir John (1685-1761), Chief 

Justice 34. 

Williams, Sir Charles Hanbury (1708-59) 
20, 109; Works 149. 

Williams, John, publisher 50. 

Williams, Robert Folkestone, editor 149. 

Williams, T. E., editor 147. 

Woburn Abbey 85, 87. 

Wolcot, John (Peter Pindar), Verses ad- 
dressed to HW 170. 

Works, The, ed. by Mary Berry 75-85; 
SH edition 75, 78. 

World, The 43, 157, 158, 170. 

* World Extraordinary' 157. 

Wright, John (i77o?-i844), editor 91, 155. 

Wyatt, Thomas, HW's life of 136. 

Xo Ho, HW's Letter from 39-42, 48. 

Yates, Mrs. Mary Ann (1728-87) 138. 
Yorke, Philip (1720-90), 2d E. o Hard- 

wicke 147. 
Yvon, Paul 149.